Pdf ebook: Verbal Behavior

Pdf download ebook Verbal Behavior

Summary: In 1934, at the age of 30, B. F. Skinner found himself at a dinner sitting next to Professor Alfred North Whitehead. Never one to lose an opportunity to pr

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: B. F. Skinner Foundation
  • ISBN: 0989983900
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 1025
  • Language: English
  • Views: 632
  • Downloads: 632
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Description: In 1934, at the age of 30, B. F. Skinner found himself at a dinner sitting next to Professor Alfred North Whitehead. Never one to lose an opportunity to promote behaviorism, Skinner expounded its main tenets to the distinguished philosopher. Whitehead acknowledged that science might account for most of human behavior but he would not include verbal behavior. He ended the discussion with a challenge: "Let me see you," he said, "account for my behavior as I sit here saying, 'No black scorpion is falling upon this table.'" The next morning Skinner began this book. It took him over twenty years to complete. This book extends the laboratory-based principles of selection by consequences to account for what people say, write, gesture, and think. Skinner argues that verbal behavior requires a separate analysis because it does not operate on the environment directly, but rather through the behavior of other people in a verbal community. He illustrates his thesis with examples from literature, the arts, and sciences, as well as from his own verbal behavior and that of his colleagues and children. Perhaps it is because this theoretical work provides a way to approach that most human of human behavior that Skinner ofter called Verbal Behavior his most important work.


Pdf ebook: The Verbal Behavior Approach

Pdf download ebook The Verbal Behavior Approach

Summary: The Verbal Behavior (VB) approach is a form of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), that is based on B.F. Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and works parti

  • Author : Mary Lynch Barbera
  • Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781846426537
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 200
  • Language: English
  • Views: 854
  • Downloads: 854
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Description: The Verbal Behavior (VB) approach is a form of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), that is based on B.F. Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and works particularly well with children with minimal or no speech abilities. In this book Dr. Mary Lynch Barbera draws on her own experiences as a Board Certified Behavior Analyst and also as a parent of a child with autism to explain VB and how to use it. This step-by-step guide provides an abundance of information about how to help children develop better language and speaking skills, and also explains how to teach non-vocal children to use sign language. An entire chapter focuses on ways to reduce problem behavior, and there is also useful information on teaching toileting and other important self-help skills, that would benefit any child. This book will enable parents and professionals unfamiliar with the principles of ABA and VB to get started immediately using the Verbal Behavior approach to teach children with autism and related disorders.


Pdf ebook: Studies in Verbal Behavior

Pdf download ebook Studies in Verbal Behavior

Summary: Studies in Verbal Behavior: An Empirical Approach summarizes the results of empirical studies on the variables that control verbal behavior. These studies

  • Author : Kurt Salzinger,Richard S. Feldman
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1483158845
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Number of Pages: 474
  • Language: English
  • Views: 309
  • Downloads: 309
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Description: Studies in Verbal Behavior: An Empirical Approach summarizes the results of empirical studies on the variables that control verbal behavior. These studies explore the response properties of verbal behavior already acquired, with respect to size of unit, mode of emission, and the constraining effects of sentence frames. The stimulus situation in which the behavior is emitted, the use of verbal material as stimulus, and the relationship between sequential guessing of sentences and the marking off of ""idea unit"" boundaries in the same material are also discussed. This volume first introduces the reader to situations which will best allow us to view the basic lawfulness inherent in the control of verbal behavior. In particular, it explores response bias and serial effects in a modified Shannon Guessing Game and compares oral and written verbal behavior. Attention then turns to the manner in which the verbal stimulus controls various forms of behavior, paying particular attention to search time as a function of target location and frequency in language, along with some stimulus properties of syntagmatic and paradigmatic word sequences. The next section analyzes the effects of limiting the generation of sentences by length and by the presence of certain words or grammatical endings (bound morphemes) in particular positions of each sentence. Some characteristics of sentences as response units are highlighted. This book will be of value to psychologists and those who are interested in verbal behavior.


Pdf ebook: Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

Pdf download ebook Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

Summary: Focusing on language and the assessment of its meaning, this volume concentrates on a method of content analysis developed by the author and Goldine Gleser

  • Author : Louis A. Gottschalk
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317843916
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 234
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1021
  • Downloads: 1021
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Description: Focusing on language and the assessment of its meaning, this volume concentrates on a method of content analysis developed by the author and Goldine Gleser. Applicable to transcripts of speech or verbal texts, this method uses the grammatical clause as its smallest unit of communication, considers whether or not a verb is transitive and involves an object, or is intransitive and describes a state of being. It derives scores on many scales that have been tested for reliability of scoring and for construct validity with concurrently administered measures, such as rating and self-report scales as well as biochemical and pharmacological criteria. Finally, this volume provides detailed descriptions of the clinical and basic research establishing the validity of these scales, so that a reader can locate studies that have pertinence to any special interest area. A major achievement described in this book is the development of computer software that understands grammar and syntax, can parse natural language, knows most of the words in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, has been taught to identify idioms and slang, and is capable of continuing to learn. The program can score all the scales, report whether the scores obtained from a verbal sample are one to three standard deviations from the norms, and suggest APA DSM-IIIR diagnostic classifications the clinician might consider in assessing the patient.


Pdf ebook: Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications

Pdf download ebook Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications

Summary: Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications focuses on varied approaches to the study of language, including verbal behavior in an

  • Author : Kurt Salzinger,Suzanne Salzinger
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 148327084X
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1970
  • Downloads: 1970
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Description: Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications focuses on varied approaches to the study of language, including verbal behavior in animals, mimicry, linguistics, and verbal satiation. The selection first offers information on verbal behavior in animals and dolphin's vocal mimicry as a unique ability and a way toward understanding. The book also ponders on the problem of response class in verbal behavior and verbal operant conditioning and awareness. Discussions focus on state of the organism as a determinant of response class, topography of response, common stimulus, and common effect. The publication takes a look at a behavioral basis for the polarity principle in linguistics, acquisition of grammar by children, and interdependencies of the bilingual's two languages. The manuscript also elaborates on verbal satiation and exploration of meaning relations and grammatical indicants of speaking style in normal and aphasic speakers. The selection is highly recommended for readers wanting to study verbal behavior.


Pdf ebook: Verbal Conditioning and Behaviour

Pdf download ebook Verbal Conditioning and Behaviour

Summary: Verbal Conditioning and Behavior clarifies certain major issues in the area of verbal behavior, with emphasis on the problems that are continuous and those

  • Author : J. P. Das
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1483156532
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 172
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1457
  • Downloads: 1457
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Description: Verbal Conditioning and Behavior clarifies certain major issues in the area of verbal behavior, with emphasis on the problems that are continuous and those that are discontinuous with animal learning research. This book provides information pertinent to certain areas of complex verbal behavior. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of conditioning as an objective tool for the investigation of verbal behavior. This text then explains the relationship between the extent of verbal intervention and the degree of closeness of the conditioning task to a task of concept-learning. Other chapters consider the role of reinforcement in human learning needs. This book discusses as well how meaning is acquired and how it can be transferred once acquired. The final chapter deals with the individual differences in the development of a certain conditioned response. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists, college students, teachers, and researcher workers.


Pdf ebook: Aspects of Verbal Behavior: Files From The Pacific Language Institute

Pdf download ebook Aspects of Verbal Behavior: Files From The Pacific Language Institute

Summary: Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: A, , course: Post-Doctoral P

  • Author : Bradley Tice
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3640562895
  • Genre: Literary Collections
  • Number of Pages: 116
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1392
  • Downloads: 1392
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Description: Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: A, , course: Post-Doctoral Program, language: English, abstract: The dissertation will examine the research done at The Pacific Language Institute that was located in Cupertino, California U.S.A. from 1992 through 2004. The company moved to the Central Valley of Northern California U.S.A. in 2004. The dissertation will examine four papers from the archives of The Pacific Language Institute and research current literature of each of the paper's subject matter and update the scholarly research done on each topic upto 2006. A business model of the company will examine the merits of operating a small research and development company within the high technology environment of the Bay Area, also known as Silicon Valley. The company paper's focus on ESL, English as a Second Language and Second Language Acquisition, SLA, aspects of phonology. Extensive current references and an appendix section is included in the work.


Pdf ebook: Aggressive Behavior In Dogs

Pdf download ebook Aggressive Behavior In Dogs

Summary:

  • Author : James O'Heare
  • Publisher: Dogwise Publishing
  • ISBN: 1617812161
  • Genre: Pets
  • Number of Pages: 248
  • Language: English
  • Views: 953
  • Downloads: 953
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Description:


Pdf ebook: New Developments in Behavioral Research: Theory, Method and Application

Pdf download ebook New Developments in Behavioral Research: Theory, Method and Application

Summary: Originally published in 1977, these examples of research and scholarly argument were collected in honor of Professor Sidney W. Bijou. In the language of ac

  • Author : Barbara C. Etzel,Judith M. LeBlanc,Donald M. Baer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000089673
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 654
  • Language: English
  • Views: 984
  • Downloads: 984
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Description: Originally published in 1977, these examples of research and scholarly argument were collected in honor of Professor Sidney W. Bijou. In the language of academics, they constitute a Festschrift: a festival of scholarly writing, performed to celebrate the career of a person who produced, and stimulated others to produce, exactly such contributions throughout a long, valuable, and productive professional history. Since 1955, Dr Bijou had worked almost exclusively within the approach variously labelled as the functional analysis of behavior, the experimental analysis of behavior, operant conditioning, or Skinnerian psychology. From his point of view, it seems clear, the first of these labels was the correct one. It was the principle of objective, direct, observable analysis that attracted him.


Pdf ebook: Behavior Therapy with Children II

Pdf download ebook Behavior Therapy with Children II

Summary: The term behavior modification refers to the systematic analysis and change of human behavior and the principal focus is on overt behavior and its relation

  • Author : Anthony M. Graziano
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 020236433X
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 669
  • Language: English
  • Views: 853
  • Downloads: 853
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Description: The term behavior modification refers to the systematic analysis and change of human behavior and the principal focus is on overt behavior and its relationships to environmental variables. Behavior modification can be applied in many settings, the nature of which helps to define its subsets. Thus, applied in clinical settings, toward clinical goals, it encompasses the subset behavior therapy. In Behavior Therapy with Children, Volume 2, Anthony M. Graziano focuses on behavior therapy--specifically, the behavioral treatment of children's clinical problems. The field of behavior modification encompasses an astonishingly wide and varied spectrum of concepts about and approaches to education, clinical problems, social programming, and rehabilitation efforts. A conceptually and technologically rich medium, it has been nourished by the psychology laboratory, the school, and the psychiatric clinic. It is an area with diffuse boundaries surrounding a highly active center, within which apparently solid landmarks have already been worn away by the dissolving action of corrective self-criticism--immeasurably aided by the catalysts stirred in by the field's many critics. The activity continues, the dynamic field boils, and the medium enriches itself. There appears to be a tendency, particularly among new behavior therapists, to limit their focus too narrowly to the client's systems of overt behavior. In this project, psychological therapy begins with a personal, interactive social situation in which the generally expected human response of interest, sympathy, and support, is the minimum condition. Graziano maintains that these clinical sensitivity skills must be preserved in behavior therapy and enhance its important contribution to advancing the therapeutic endeavor. Anthony M. Graziano is professor emeritus in the Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo. He has published a number of articles in journals on subjects such as teaching machine programs, behavior therapy with children, diagnostic testing, the history of psychology, and evaluations of the contemporary mental health professions. He has been on the editorial board of Behavior Modification and on the board of directors for the Eastern Psychological Association.


Pdf ebook: Politeness in Language

Pdf download ebook Politeness in Language

Summary: The second edition of this collection of 13 original papers contains an updated introductory section detailing the significance that the original articles

  • Author : Richard J. Watts,Sachiko Ide,Konrad Ehlich
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110199815
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Number of Pages: 451
  • Language: English
  • Views: 393
  • Downloads: 393
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Description: The second edition of this collection of 13 original papers contains an updated introductory section detailing the significance that the original articles published in 1992 have for the further development of research into linguistic politeness into the 21st century. The original articles focus on the phenomenon of politeness in language. They present the most important problems in developing a theory of linguistic politeness, which must deal with the crucial differences between lay notions of politeness in different cultures and the term 'politeness' as a concept within a theory of linguistic politeness. The universal validity of the term itself is called into question, as are models such as those developed by Brown and Levinson, Lakoff, and Leech. New approaches are suggested. In addition to this theoretical discussion, an empirical section presents a number of case studies and research projects in linguistic politeness. These show what has been achieved within current models and what still remains to be done, in particular with reference to cross-cultural studies in politeness and differences between a Western and a non-Western approach to the subject. The publication of this second edition demonstrates that the significance of the collection is just as salient in the first decade of the new millennium as it was at the beginning of the 1990s.


Pdf ebook: Practical Ethics for Effective Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Pdf download ebook Practical Ethics for Effective Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Summary: Practical Ethics for Effective Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder is for behavior analysts working directly with, or supervising those who work with, in

  • Author : Matthew T. Brodhead,David J. Cox,Shawn P. Quigley
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0128140992
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 132
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1580
  • Downloads: 1580
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Description: Practical Ethics for Effective Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder is for behavior analysts working directly with, or supervising those who work with, individuals with autism. The book addresses important topics such as the principles and values that underlie the Behavior Analyst Certification Board’s ® Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts, and factors that affect ethical decision-making. In addition, the book addresses critical and under-discussed topics of: scope of competence; evidence-based practice in behavior analysis; how to collaborate with professionals within and outside one’s discipline; and how to design systems of ethical supervision and training customized to unique treatment settings. Across many of the topics, the authors also discuss errors students and professionals may make during analyses of ethical dilemmas and misapplications of ethical codes within their practice. Reviews core ethical principles Discusses factors that affect ethical decision-making Describes how to create systems for teaching and maintaining ethical behavior Discusses how to identify your own scope of competence in autism treatment Describes the process of evidence-based practice and how it can be applied to behavior-analytic treatment for autism Discusses the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration and how to be a good collaborator Reviews common mistakes students and supervisors make when analyzing ethical dilemmas, along with common misapplications of ethical codes


Pdf ebook: Behavior and Its Causes

Pdf download ebook Behavior and Its Causes

Summary: This series will include monographs and collections of studies devoted to the investigation and exploration of knowledge, information, and data-processing

  • Author : T.L. Smith
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401581029
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 267
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1483
  • Downloads: 1483
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Description: This series will include monographs and collections of studies devoted to the investigation and exploration of knowledge, information, and data-processing systems of all kinds, no matter whether human, (other) animal, or machine. Its scope is intended to span the full range of interests from classical problems in the philosophy of mind and philosophical psychology through issues in cognitive psychology and sociobiology (concerning the mental capabilities of other species) to ideas related to artificial intelligence and computer science. While primary emphasis will be placed upon theoretical, conceptual, and epistemological aspects of these problems and domains, empirical, experimental, and methodological studies will also appear from time to time. While most philosophers and psychologists tend to believe that the rise of cognitive psychology has occurred concomitant with the decline of operant psychology, Terry L. Smith contends that nothing could be further from the truth. He maintains that operant psychology has discovered (and continues to discover) reasonably well-confirmed causal principles of intentional behavior, which go beyond what cognitive psychology can provide, while cognitive psychology, in tum, has the potential to supply analyses (and explanations) that account for them. Smith thus advances a surprising but nonetheless illuminating perspective for appreciating the place of operant conditioning within the discipline of psychology in this rich and fascinating work. J. H. F.


Pdf ebook: Biological and Behavioral Determinants of Language Development

Pdf download ebook Biological and Behavioral Determinants of Language Development

Summary: This book presents a current, interdisciplinary perspective on language requisites from both a biological/comparative perspective and from a developmental/

  • Author : Norman A. Krasnegor,Duane M. Rumbaugh,Richard L. Schiefelbusch,Michael Studdert-Kennedy
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 131776000X
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Number of Pages: 544
  • Language: English
  • Views: 417
  • Downloads: 417
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Description: This book presents a current, interdisciplinary perspective on language requisites from both a biological/comparative perspective and from a developmental/learning perspective. Perspectives regarding language and language acquisition are advanced by scientists of various backgrounds -- speech, hearing, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, and language intervention. This unique volume searches for a rational interface between findings and perspectives generated by language studies with humans and with chimpanzees. Intended to render a reconsideration as to the essence of language and the requisites to its acquisition, it also provides readers with perspectives defined by various revisionists who hold that language might be other than the consequence of a mutation unique to humans and might, fundamentally, not be limited to speech.


Pdf ebook: Rule-Governed Behavior

Pdf download ebook Rule-Governed Behavior

Summary: Animal learning and human learning traditions have been distinguishable within psychology since the start of the discipline and are to this day. The human

  • Author : Steven C. Hayes
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 147570447X
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 412
  • Language: English
  • Views: 432
  • Downloads: 432
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Description: Animal learning and human learning traditions have been distinguishable within psychology since the start of the discipline and are to this day. The human learning wing was interested in the development of psychological functions in human organisms and proceeded directly to their examination. The animal learning wing was not distinguished by a corresponding interest in animal behavior per se. Rather, the animal learners studied animal behavior in order to identify principles of behavior of relevance to humans as well as other organisms. The two traditions, in other words, did not differ so much on goals as on strategies. It is not by accident that so many techniques of modem applied psychol ogy have emerged from the animal laboratory. That was one of the ultimate purposes of this work from the very beginning. The envisioned extension to humans was not just technological, however. Many animal researchers, B. F. Skinner most prominently among them, recognized that direct basic research with humans might ultimately be needed in certain areas but that it was wise first to build a strong foundation in the controlled environment of the animal laboratory. In a sense, animal learning was always in part a human research program in development.


Pdf ebook: Research in Young Children's Literacy and Language Development

Pdf download ebook Research in Young Children's Literacy and Language Development

Summary: The importance of the early years in young children’s lives and the rigid inequality in literacy achievement are a stimulating backdrop to current resear

  • Author : Olivia N. Saracho
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351609572
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 502
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1835
  • Downloads: 1835
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Description: The importance of the early years in young children’s lives and the rigid inequality in literacy achievement are a stimulating backdrop to current research in young children’s language and literacy development. This book reports new data and empirical analyses that advance the theory of language and literacy, with researchers using different methodologies in conducting their study, with both a sound empirical underpinning and a captivating analytical rationalization of the results. The contributors to this volume used several methodological methods (e.g. quantitative, qualitative) to describe the complete concept of the study; the achievement of the study; and the study in an appropriate manner based on the study’s methodology. The contributions to this volume cover a wide range of topics, including dual language learners; Latino immigrant children; children who have hearing disabilities; parents’ and teachers’ beliefs about language development; early literacy skills of toddlers and preschool children; interventions; multimodalities in early literacies; writing; and family literacy. The studies were conducted in various early childhood settings such as child care, nursery school, Head Start, kindergarten, and primary grades, and the subjects in the studies represent the pluralism of the globe – a pluralism of language, backgrounds, ethnicity, abilities, and disabilities. This book was originally published as a special issue of Early Child Development and Care.


Pdf ebook: Understanding Behaviorism

Pdf download ebook Understanding Behaviorism

Summary: Understanding Behaviorism is a classic textbook that explains the basis of behavior analysis and its application to human problems in a scholarly but acces

  • Author : William M. Baum
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119143667
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 322
  • Downloads: 322
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Description: Understanding Behaviorism is a classic textbook that explains the basis of behavior analysis and its application to human problems in a scholarly but accessible manner. Now in its third edition, the text has been substantially updated to include the latest developments over the last decade in behaviour analysis, evolutionary theory, and cultural evolution theory The only book available that explains behavior analysis and applies it to philosophical and practical problems, written by one of today’s best-known and most highly respected behaviorists Explores ancient concepts such as purpose, language, knowledge, and thought, as well as applying behavioural thinking to contemporary social issues like freedom, democracy, and culture Part of the new evolutionary perspective for understanding individual behavior in general and culture in particular – culminates with practical approaches to improving the lives of all humanity


Pdf ebook: Learning RFT

Pdf download ebook Learning RFT

Summary: Relational frame theory, or RFT, is the little-understood behavioral theory behind a recent development in modern psychology: the shift from the cognitive

  • Author : Niklas Torneke
  • Publisher: New Harbinger Publications
  • ISBN: 1572249080
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1075
  • Downloads: 1075
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Description: Relational frame theory, or RFT, is the little-understood behavioral theory behind a recent development in modern psychology: the shift from the cognitive paradigm underpinning cognitive behavioral therapy to a new understanding of language and cognition. Learning RFT presents a basic yet comprehensive introduction to this fascinating theory, which forms the basis of acceptance and commitment therapy. The book also offers practical guidance for directly applying it in clinical work. In the book, author Niklas Törneke presents the building blocks of RFT: language as a particular kind of relating, derived stimulus relations, and transformation of stimulus functions. He then shows how these concepts are essential to understanding acceptance and commitment therapy and other therapeutic models. Learning RFT shows how to use experiential exercises and metaphors in psychological treatment and explains how they can help your clients. This book belongs on the bookshelves of psychologists, psychotherapists, students, and others seeking to deepen their understanding of psychological treatment from a behavioral perspective.


Pdf ebook: The Wiley Handbook of Contextual Behavioral Science

Pdf download ebook The Wiley Handbook of Contextual Behavioral Science

Summary: The Wiley Handbook of Contextual Behavioral Science describes the philosophical and empirical foundation of the contextual behavioral science movement; it

  • Author : Robert D. Zettle,Steven C. Hayes,Dermot Barnes-Holmes,Anthony Biglan
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118489861
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 568
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1337
  • Downloads: 1337
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Description: The Wiley Handbook of Contextual Behavioral Science describes the philosophical and empirical foundation of the contextual behavioral science movement; it explores the history and goals of CBS, explains its core analytic assumptions, and describes Relational Frame Theory as a research and practice program. This is the first thorough examination of the philosophy, basic science, applied science, and applications of Contextual Behavioral Science Brings together the philosophical and empirical contributions that CBS is making to practical efforts to improve human wellbeing Organized and written in such a way that it can be read in its entirety or on a section-by-section basis, allowing readers to choose how deeply they delve into CBS Extensive coverage of this wide ranging and complex area that encompasses both a rich basic experimental tradition and in-depth clinical application of that experimental knowledge Looks at the development of RFT, and its implications for alleviating human suffering


Pdf ebook: Understanding Behaviorism

Pdf download ebook Understanding Behaviorism

Summary: Understanding Behaviorism is a classic textbook that explains the basis of behavior analysis and its application to human problems in a scholarly but acces

  • Author : William M. Baum
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119143659
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1306
  • Downloads: 1306
  • GET BOOK

Description: Understanding Behaviorism is a classic textbook that explains the basis of behavior analysis and its application to human problems in a scholarly but accessible manner. Now in its third edition, the text has been substantially updated to include the latest developments over the last decade in behaviour analysis, evolutionary theory, and cultural evolution theory The only book available that explains behavior analysis and applies it to philosophical and practical problems, written by one of today’s best-known and most highly respected behaviorists Explores ancient concepts such as purpose, language, knowledge, and thought, as well as applying behavioural thinking to contemporary social issues like freedom, democracy, and culture Part of the new evolutionary perspective for understanding individual behavior in general and culture in particular – culminates with practical approaches to improving the lives of all humanity


Pdf ebook: Introduction to Behavioral Pharmacology

Pdf download ebook Introduction to Behavioral Pharmacology

Summary: There are hundreds, if not thousands, of substances that are used to modify behavior. While different classes of substances have known effects, one has onl

  • Author : Thomas Byrne,Alan Poling
  • Publisher: New Harbinger Publications
  • ISBN: 1608826724
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 254
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1018
  • Downloads: 1018
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Description: There are hundreds, if not thousands, of substances that are used to modify behavior. While different classes of substances have known effects, one has only to see a group of people drinking to excess to recognize that not everyone responds in the same way to a given substance. Why do substances have the behavioral effects they do, and why do individuals vary in their responses to them? This book provides a conceptual framework for answering such questions. Introduction to Behavioral Pharmacology includes a short overview of behavioral analysis and general pharmacology, followed by detailed discussion of assessment of drug effects, the stimulus properties of drugs, drug abuse, and more.


Pdf ebook: Methods of Research in Psychotherapy

Pdf download ebook Methods of Research in Psychotherapy

Summary: The prospective reader may well ask about the particular merits of this volume, especially in view of several dozen similar offerings, each with its own ex

  • Author : Louis A. Gottschalk
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1468460455
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 654
  • Language: English
  • Views: 395
  • Downloads: 395
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Description: The prospective reader may well ask about the particular merits of this volume, especially in view of several dozen similar offerings, each with its own excellences, and of the easy availability of symposia, conferences, con ventional reviews, abstract journals, and serial research reports. In spite of such other attractions, it seems to me that these 34 essays are among the most informative and stimulating which are now available in the areas cov ered. The editors have been successful in attracting new articles from many of the most prominent investigators now actively working at research in psychotherapy, who can therefore speak for themselves about what they are doing. Several of the articles have been in the preparatory stage for numerous years. Not only do they represent the vanguard of research, but because of the introduction of relatively new concepts in communication theory in the clinical setting which can be implemented by the new tech nology (specifically the use of sound-films and tape), they probably presage the shape of much that is to come. It is commonplace that the history of a science is closely allied to the history of the tools available. Here we see the concepts, attitudes, and working methods on this frontier being set forth frankly and concretely in ways which avoid many of the deficiencies and evasions of previous clini cal research.


Pdf ebook: Handbook of Applied Behavior Analysis

Pdf download ebook Handbook of Applied Behavior Analysis

Summary: Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a highly functional discipline that, instead of searching for abstract, internal causes for human behavior, looks to ext

  • Author : John Austin,James Carr
  • Publisher: New Harbinger Publications
  • ISBN: 1608826279
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 488
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1805
  • Downloads: 1805
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Description: Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a highly functional discipline that, instead of searching for abstract, internal causes for human behavior, looks to external factors that can be influenced. Once identified, these factors can be manipulated to make meaningful, positive improvements in the lives of real people through positive behavior change. Not surprisingly behavior analysis has been applied to a wide range of human activities, from helping troubled teens to organizing industry to maximizing sports performance. ABA interventions for these diverse problems are often creative-and they tend to be effective. In this volume, some of the field's foremost practitioners offer their expert perspective on a range of topics within ABA. Each chapter is fully referenced and contains a set of reading objectives to facilitate deeper understanding and further discussion of its subject area. While these discussions will be of particular interest to academic behavior analysts and graduate students, clinicians and other practitioners will find the research review helpful and informative.


Pdf ebook: Handbook of Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder

Pdf download ebook Handbook of Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder

Summary: This handbook provides a comprehensive review of the numerous factors associated with treatments for children, youth, and adults with autism spectrum disor

  • Author : Johnny L. Matson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319617389
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 494
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1254
  • Downloads: 1254
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Description: This handbook provides a comprehensive review of the numerous factors associated with treatments for children, youth, and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It offers in-depth analysis of evidence-based treatments for young children, providing coverage on interventions within social skills training, school curricula, communication and speech training, and augmentative communication. It also covers treatments for adolescents and adults, including vocational programs, social integration programs, and mental health resources. Chapters also review several popular interventions such as functional behavior analysis, sensory integration therapy, early intensive behavioral interventions (EIBI), and floor time. In addition, the Handbook discusses standards of practice, focusing on ethical issues, review boards, training concerns, and informed consent. Topics featured in the Handbook include: Training for parents of individuals diagnosed with ASD. Treatment of socially reinforced problem behavior. Comorbid challenging behaviors. Post-secondary education supports and programs for adults. The TEACCH Program for people with ASD. Treatment of addiction in adults with ASD. Diet and nutrition based treatments targeted at children with ASD. The Handbook of Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder is a must-have reference for researchers, clinicians/professionals, and graduate students in clinical child, school, and developmental psychology, child and adolescent psychiatry, and social work as well as rehabilitation medicine/therapy, behavioral therapy, pediatrics, and educational psychology.


Pdf ebook: The International Handbook of Psychology

Pdf download ebook The International Handbook of Psychology

Summary: The International Handbook of Psychology is an authoritative resource covering all the main areas of psychological science and written by an outstanding se

  • Author : Kurt Pawlik,Mark R Rosenzweig
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1847876641
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1051
  • Downloads: 1051
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Description: The International Handbook of Psychology is an authoritative resource covering all the main areas of psychological science and written by an outstanding set of authors from around the world. The 31 chapters cover not only scientific but also applied cross-disciplinary aspects. Supervised by an International Editorial Advisory Board (IEAB) of 13 eminent psychologists and edited by Professors Kurt Pawlik and Mark R Rosenzweig, it is being published under the auspices of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS) by SAGE Publications Ltd in London. The International Handbook of Psychology will be invaluable to advanced undergraduates, graduate students and academics in psychology, and will also be of interest to students of education, sociology, political science, humanities, philosophy, informatics, cognitive sciences, neuroscience, legal sciences and criminology, and will serve as a general resource reference text, written at a level comparable to Scientific American. `This impressive volume covers a tremendous amount of work. It is well organized: authors have generally kept to a standard brief. It is also truly international both in authorship and the origin of the work referenced. This will provide a very useful reference book for undergraduate and post-graduate students' - British Journal of Educational Psychology


Pdf ebook: Introduction to Scientific Psychology

Pdf download ebook Introduction to Scientific Psychology

Summary: We humans are faced with an interesting problem: That which we think we un derstand the most-our own behavior-we probably understand the least. On the eve

  • Author : Henry D. Jr. Schlinger,Alan Poling
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1489918930
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 388
  • Language: English
  • Views: 348
  • Downloads: 348
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Description: We humans are faced with an interesting problem: That which we think we un derstand the most-our own behavior-we probably understand the least. On the eve of a new millennium. the planet is beset by a host of problems that are. for the most part. caused by human behavior. Ironically. although it seems that the greatest impact of our behavior is on the planet and its other inhabitants. we may actually be threatening our own future the most. For example. we have caused untold harm to the air we breathe. to the water we drink. and. by exten sion. to much of the food we eat. More important perhaps. we have created a so ciety in which. among other things. many people are anxious and depressed. young women starve themselves. and alcohol and cigarette use are responsible for hundreds of thousands of cases of illness and death every year. And humans still murder one another at an astounding rate. while at the same time continu ing to affirm the value of human life. At a time when it is critical that our chil dren become educated. more and more children are not learning the basic skills they will need to think logically so that they can begin to solve the world's problems. The question may be not "Can the planet survive?" but. rather. "Can we humans survive and change our own destructive actions?" Although many scholars. philosophers.


Pdf ebook: Human Action and Its Explanation

Pdf download ebook Human Action and Its Explanation

Summary: This book presents a unified and systematic philosophical account of human actions and their explanation, and it does it in the spirit of scientific realis

  • Author : R. Tuomela
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401012423
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 438
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1802
  • Downloads: 1802
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Description: This book presents a unified and systematic philosophical account of human actions and their explanation, and it does it in the spirit of scientific realism. In addition, various other related topics, such as psychological concept formation and the nature of mental events and states, are dis cussed. This is due to the fact that the key problems in the philosophy of psychology are interconnected to a high degree. This interwovenness has affected the discussion of these problems in that often the same topic is discussed in several contexts in the book. I hope the reader does not find this too frustrating. The theory of action developed in this book, especially in its latter half, is a causalist one. In a sense it can be regarded as an explication and refin~ment of a typical common sense view of actions and the mental episodes causally responsible for them. It has, of course, not been possible to discuss all the relevant philosophical problems in great detail, even if I have regarded it as necessary to give a brief treatment of relatively many problems. Rather, I have concentrated on some key issues and hope that future research will help to clarify the rest.


Pdf ebook: Explorations in Nonverbal and Vocal Behavior

Pdf download ebook Explorations in Nonverbal and Vocal Behavior

Summary: First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

  • Author : G. Mahl
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317767322
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 440
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1823
  • Downloads: 1823
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Description: First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Pdf ebook: Psychology of Learning and Motivation

Pdf download ebook Psychology of Learning and Motivation

Summary: Psychology of Learning and Motivation

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 9780080863658
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1956
  • Downloads: 1956
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Description: Psychology of Learning and Motivation


Pdf ebook: Behavior Science

Pdf download ebook Behavior Science

Summary: First published in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

  • Author : H. W. Reese,L. J. Parrott
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1317767306
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 272
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1747
  • Downloads: 1747
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Description: First published in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Pdf ebook: Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept

Pdf download ebook Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept

Summary: Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept maps the common ground of behavioral science. The absence of a shared foundation has given us fragmentation,

  • Author : Wynn Schwartz
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0128139862
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 281
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1816
  • Downloads: 1816
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Description: Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept maps the common ground of behavioral science. The absence of a shared foundation has given us fragmentation, a siloed state of psychological theory and practice. And the science? The integrity of choice, accountability, reason, and intention are necessary commitments at the cornerstone of civilization and any person-centered psychotherapy, but when taught along with a “scientific requirement for reductionism and determinism, reside in contradictory intellectual universes. Peter Ossorio developed the Person Concept to remedy these problems. This book is an introduction to his work and the community of scientists, scholars, and practitioners of Descriptive Psychology. Ossorio offered these maxims that capture the discipline’s spirit: 1. The world makes sense, and so do people. They make sense to begin with. 2. It’s one world. Everything fits together. Everything is related to everything else. 3. Things are what they are and not something else instead. 4. Don’t count on the world being simpler than it has to be. The Person Concept is a single, coherent concept of interdependent component concepts: Individual Persons; Behavior as Intentional Action; Language and Verbal Behavior; Community and Culture; and World and Reality. Descriptive Psychology uses preempirical, theory-neutral formulations and methods, to make explicit the implicit structure of the behavioral sciences. The goal is a framework with a place for what is already known with room for what is yet to be found. Provides a way to compare theories, coordinate empirical findings, and negotiate competent disagreement Offers guidance for effective case formulation and integration of therapies Explores the dilemmas of personhood and the complexities of human and nonhuman action, investigating "what is a person, and how can we be sure?" Follows the implications of Hedonics, Prudence, Ethics, and Aesthetics as intrinsic perspectives and reasons for action Applies these concepts to personality and social dynamics, consciousness, relationship change, emotional behavior, deliberation, and judgment Provides a guide to establishing and restoring empathy--especially when it's difficult


Pdf ebook: A Behavior Analytical Perspective on the Relationship of Context Structure and Energy Using Flexibility in Problems of Supply and Demand Mismatch

Pdf download ebook A Behavior Analytical Perspective on the Relationship of Context Structure and Energy Using Flexibility in Problems of Supply and Demand Mismatch

Summary:

  • Author : Farina Wille
  • Publisher: Springer Nature
  • ISBN: 3658356138
  • Genre: Books
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 713
  • Downloads: 713
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Description:


Pdf ebook: Assessment Strategies for Cognitive–Behavioral Interventions

Pdf download ebook Assessment Strategies for Cognitive–Behavioral Interventions

Summary: Assessment Strategies for Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions is a collection of original contributions provided by leaders in the field who consider the th

  • Author : Philip C. Kendall,Steven D. Hollon
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 1483277712
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Number of Pages: 440
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1559
  • Downloads: 1559
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Description: Assessment Strategies for Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions is a collection of original contributions provided by leaders in the field who consider the theoretical and applied assessment issues related to the expanding field of cognitive-behavioral interventions. Chapters in the present volume, designed as a companion volume to an earlier text, Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions: Theory, Research, and Procedures, focus on the issues inherent in the measurement of cognitive and behavioral events and processes. The book opens with an overview of recent growth in the field. Attention is devoted to examining several goals of the new assessment endeavors, some suggestions related to the proposed methods, and certain problems inherent in cognitive-behavioral assessments. Separate chapters follow that deal directly with a variety of specific content areas. These include a conceptualization of attributions, as well as describing their measurement and speculating as to their role in both the etiology and treatment of psychological disturbance; and suggestions for assessment in clinical interviews and for using psychometric instruments and discusses belief systems and irrationality. Subsequent chapters focus on special populations and procedures.


Pdf ebook: Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes (Volume 4)

Pdf download ebook Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes (Volume 4)

Summary: Originally published in 1976, this is Volume 4 of a series that reflected the current state of the field at the time. In this title the focus shifts to mod

  • Author : William K. Estes
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1317672089
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 444
  • Language: English
  • Views: 913
  • Downloads: 913
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Description: Originally published in 1976, this is Volume 4 of a series that reflected the current state of the field at the time. In this title the focus shifts to modern developments in cognitive psychology. The emphasis is primarily on attention and short-term memory, as these concepts came to be understood in the decade leading up to publication. In addition to presenting the major concepts, the authors outline fundamental theories and methods, all in a way that will be readable by anyone with a reasonable scientific background. As the editor notes in the Foreword, each author "has taken on the assignment of giving explicit attention to the orienting attitudes and long-term goals that tend to shape the overall course of research in his field and to bring out both actual and potential influences and implications with respect to other aspects of the discipline." This volume, as all volumes of the Handbook, will be invaluable for those who want an organized picture of the current state of the field as it was at the time.


Pdf ebook: The Psychology of B F Skinner

Pdf download ebook The Psychology of B F Skinner

Summary: Behaviorists, or more precisely Skinnerians, commonly consider Skinner's work to have been misrepresented, misunderstood, and to some extent defamed. In th

  • Author : William O'Donohue,Kyle E. Ferguson
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1506317782
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 296
  • Language: English
  • Views: 931
  • Downloads: 931
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Description: Behaviorists, or more precisely Skinnerians, commonly consider Skinner's work to have been misrepresented, misunderstood, and to some extent defamed. In this book, the author clarifies the work of B F Skinner, and puts it into historical and philosophical context. Though not a biography, the book discusses Skinner himself, in brief. But the bulk of the book illuminats Skinner's contributions to psychology, his philosophy of science, his experimental research program (logical positivism) and the behavioral principles that emerged from it, and applied aspects of his work. It also rebuts criticism of Skinner's work, including radical behaviorism, and discusses key developments by others that have derived from it.


Pdf ebook: Gambling

Pdf download ebook Gambling

Summary: The rise in legalized gambling in the United States over the last fifteen years has led to much debate among scientists and practitioners about how to conc

  • Author : Mark Dixon,Patrick Ghezzi,Charles Lyons,Ginger Wilson
  • Publisher: New Harbinger Publications
  • ISBN: 160882778X
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 260
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1469
  • Downloads: 1469
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Description: The rise in legalized gambling in the United States over the last fifteen years has led to much debate among scientists and practitioners about how to conceptualize and study the phenomenon, treat persons who experience difficulties controlling their level of play, and prevent individuals from becoming problem or 'pathological' gamblers. The current volume brings together a group of basic and applied behavior scientists to discuss these matters. Gambling is designed to allow readers familiar with the general concepts and principles of behavior analysis to understand how the field is addressing the area of gambling. Graduate students taking classes in behavioral applications, or those enrolled in seminars specific to gambling, will find this collection of papers a vital resource. The book will also be useful to clinicians interested in understanding the basic and conceptual foundations that underlie successful prevention and treatment approaches.


Pdf ebook: The Behavior of Organisms

Pdf download ebook The Behavior of Organisms

Summary:

  • Author : B. F. Skinner
  • Publisher: B. F. Skinner Foundation
  • ISBN: 0996453903
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 457
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1054
  • Downloads: 1054
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Description:


Pdf ebook: Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education

Pdf download ebook Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education

Summary: Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education provides a basic introduction to applied behavior analysis and the highly beneficial role that it ca

  • Author : Laura Baylot Casey,Stacy L. Carter
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317687256
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 226
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1754
  • Downloads: 1754
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Description: Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education provides a basic introduction to applied behavior analysis and the highly beneficial role that it can play in early childhood education for both typically developing children and those with special needs. The objective is to provide future and current early childhood professionals with the tools that they need to positively impact the lives of young children. Specifically, the book will describe and provide useful examples related to the following: Implementing effective techniques for changing behavior; Strategies for every day challenges both in the classroom and at home; Strategies for addressing less frequent issues; Suggestions for how to consult and correspond with parents and caretakers. Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education is written for professionals preparing for—or those already in—careers in child development, behavior analysis, early childhood education, developmental therapy, counseling, special education, and other helping professions. A Companion Website featuring additional information and resources for students and instructors can be accessed at www.routledge.com/cw/casey.


Pdf ebook: Handbook of Research Methods in Human Operant Behavior

Pdf download ebook Handbook of Research Methods in Human Operant Behavior

Summary: A host of special methodological issues arise in any discussion of research on human behavior. This practical new volume addresses many of those questions

  • Author : Kennon A. Lattal,Michael Perone
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1489919473
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 669
  • Language: English
  • Views: 526
  • Downloads: 526
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Description: A host of special methodological issues arise in any discussion of research on human behavior. This practical new volume addresses many of those questions with 19 superb contributions from leading experts in the field. The text evaluates specific strategies and techniques used in laboratory settings, including - reinforcement and punishment - stimulus control - behavioral pharmacology - and methodologies concerning verbal and social behavior, among others. The book includes 135 illustrations and a notable Appendix that offers the APA's ethical guidelines for research with human subjects.


Pdf ebook: Autism Spectrum Disorder (revised)

Pdf download ebook Autism Spectrum Disorder (revised)

Summary: Newly revised and updated, this award-winning guide covers every aspect of understanding and living with autism today Comprehensive and authoritative, Auti

  • Author : Chantal Sicile-Kira
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 0698149068
  • Genre: Family & Relationships
  • Number of Pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1405
  • Downloads: 1405
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Description: Newly revised and updated, this award-winning guide covers every aspect of understanding and living with autism today Comprehensive and authoritative, Autism Spectrum Disorders explains all aspects of the condition, and is written for parents, educators, caregivers, and others looking for accurate information and expert insight. Newly updated to reflect the latest research, treatment methods, and DSM-V criteria, this invaluable book covers: • The causes of autism spectrum disorders • Getting an accurate diagnosis • Treatments based on behavioral, psychological, and biomedical interventions • Coping strategies for families and education needs and programs • Living and working conditions for adults with ASD • Community interaction and teaching strategies and resources for educators and other professionals **Best Book on Autism for 2017 --Healthline