Pdf ebook: The Collapse of Fortress Bush

Pdf download ebook The Collapse of Fortress Bush

Summary: When the Bush presidency began to collapse, pundits were quick to tell a tale of the “imperial presidency” gone awry, a story of secretive, power-hungr

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 9780814776254
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 266
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1806
  • Downloads: 1806
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Description: When the Bush presidency began to collapse, pundits were quick to tell a tale of the “imperial presidency” gone awry, a story of secretive, power-hungry ideologues who guided an arrogant president down the road to ruin. But the inside story of the failures of the Bush administration is both much more complex and alarming, says leading policy analyst Alasdair Roberts. In the most comprehensive, balanced view of the Bush presidency to date, Roberts portrays a surprisingly weak president, hamstrung by bureaucratic, constitutional, cultural and economic barriers and strikingly unable to wield authority even within his own executive branch. The Collapse of Fortress Bush shows how the president fought—and lost—key battles with the defense and intelligence communities. From Homeland Security to Katrina, Bush could not coordinate agencies to meet domestic threats or disasters. Either the Bush administration refused to exercise authority, was thwarted in the attempt to exercise authority, or wielded authority but could not meet the test of legitimacy needed to enact their goals. Ultimately, the vaunted White House discipline gave way to public recriminations among key advisers. Condemned for secretiveness, the Bush administration became one of the most closely scrutinized presidencies in the modern era. Roberts links the collapse of the Bush presidency to deeper currents in American politics and culture, especially a new militarism and the supremacy of the Reagan-era consensus on low taxes, limited government, and free markets. Only in this setting was it possible to have a “total war on terrorism” in which taxes were reduced, private consumption was encouraged, and businesses were lightly regulated. A balanced, incisive account by a skilled observer of U.S. government, The Collapse of Fortress Bush turns the spotlight from the powerful cabal that launched the war in Iraq to tell a much more disturbing story about American power and the failure of executive leadership.


Pdf ebook: Panorama of a Presidency: How George W. Bush Acquired and Spent His Political Capital

Pdf download ebook Panorama of a Presidency: How George W. Bush Acquired and Spent His Political Capital

Summary: As the controversial presidency of George W. Bush draws to a close, this work provides the first dispassionate, even-handed assessment of Bush's years in o

  • Author : Steven E Schier
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317463250
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: 208
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1254
  • Downloads: 1254
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Description: As the controversial presidency of George W. Bush draws to a close, this work provides the first dispassionate, even-handed assessment of Bush's years in office. Widely respected scholar and author Steven E. Schier goes beyond the perspective of contemporary political commentary, and draws on wide-ranging literature about presidential history and strategy to carefully identify both the unique and the familiar aspects of George W. Bush's presidency. "Panorama of a Presidency" examines Bush's innovative electoral and governing strategies, ambitious foreign and domestic policy initiatives, and the bitterly divisive consequences of his mode of governance. As the first analysis to place the George W. Bush presidency in a broad historical and theoretical context, the book will be an essential foundation for any future studies on the topic.


Pdf ebook: The American Middle Class: An Economic Encyclopedia of Progress and Poverty [2 volumes]

Pdf download ebook The American Middle Class: An Economic Encyclopedia of Progress and Poverty [2 volumes]

Summary: What is the "American Dream"? This book's author argues that contrary to what many believe, it is not achieving the wealth necessary to enter the top one p

  • Author : Robert S. Rycroft
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 1610697588
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 1053
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1917
  • Downloads: 1917
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Description: What is the "American Dream"? This book's author argues that contrary to what many believe, it is not achieving the wealth necessary to enter the top one percent but rather becoming members of the great middle class by dint of hard work and self-discipline. • Includes content related to all the themes of the National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies and the Common Core requirements for primary documents and critical thinking exercises • Focuses on the intersections of middle class society to current issues of interest and policy debates, including diversity, gender, taxation, race, minimum wage, unions, student loan interest rates, school closings, and labor issues • Documents the perspectives of the major economists of each era on the middle class


Pdf ebook: The Economics of War

Pdf download ebook The Economics of War

Summary: Bad things occur and persist because of the presence of powerful beneficiaries. In this provocative and illuminating book, Imad Moosa illustrates the econo

  • Author : Imad A. Moosa
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1788978528
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 240
  • Language: English
  • Views: 739
  • Downloads: 739
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Description: Bad things occur and persist because of the presence of powerful beneficiaries. In this provocative and illuminating book, Imad Moosa illustrates the economic motivations behind the last 100 years of international conflict, citing the numerous powerful individual and corporate war profiteers that benefit from war.


Pdf ebook: Four Crises of American Democracy

Pdf download ebook Four Crises of American Democracy

Summary: In the last decade, observers of Western governments have become increasingly concerned about an apparent crisis of democracy. They argue that endemic corr

  • Author : Alasdair Roberts
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190459913
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 240
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1081
  • Downloads: 1081
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Description: In the last decade, observers of Western governments have become increasingly concerned about an apparent crisis of democracy. They argue that endemic corruption, inadequate services, and increasing voter disaffection have produced a dire result: a global resurgence of authoritarianism. The political climate surrounding the 2016 presidential election in the United States has only reinforced the perception of democratic crisis. In Four Crises of American Democracy, Alasdair Roberts locates the U.S.'s recent bout of democratic malaise in a larger context, arguing that it is the latest in a series of very different crises that have plagued America throughout the entire post-Civil War era. He focuses on four crises, describing the features of each and outlining solutions the government adopted in response. The first crisis-the "crisis of representation"-occurred in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and was dominated by fears of plutocracy and debates about the rights of African Americans, women, and immigrants. The "crisis of mastery" spanned the years 1917-1948, and focused on building administrative capabilities so that government could better manage both an increasingly complex economy and volatile international system. The "crisis of discipline," beginning in the 1970s, was triggered by the perception that voters and special interests were overloading governments with unreasonable demands, and the response was to limit government's reach. The current crisis, what Roberts calls the "crisis of anticipation," is ongoing. Roberts pronounces it a future-oriented crisis, preoccupied with the capacity of democratic systems to deal with long-term problems such the rise of China and climate change. Roberts suggests that democratic solutions to this present crisis will win out over more authoritarian ones, as occurred in previous crises. Features like societal openness and pragmatism give the democratic model a distinct advantage. A powerful account of how successive crises have shaped American democracy, this is essential reading for anyone interested in the forces driving the current democratic malaise both in the U.S. and around the world.


Pdf ebook: The SAGE Handbook of Public Administration

Pdf download ebook The SAGE Handbook of Public Administration

Summary: The original Handbook of Public Administration was a landmark publication, the first to provide a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the discipline.

  • Author : B Guy Peters,Jon Pierre
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1473971136
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 816
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1340
  • Downloads: 1340
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Description: The original Handbook of Public Administration was a landmark publication, the first to provide a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the discipline. The eagerly-awaited new edition of this seminal international handbook continues to provide a complete review and guide to past and present knowledge in this essential field of inquiry. Assembling an outstanding team of scholars from around the world, the second edition explores the current state-of-the-art in academic thinking and the current structures and processes for the administration of public policy. The second edition has been fully revised and updated, with new chapters that reflect emerging issues and changes within the public sector: - Identifying the Antecedents in Public Performance - Bureaucratic Politics - Strategy Structure and Policy Dynamics - Comparative Administrative Reform - Administrative Ethics - Accountability through Market and Social Instruments - Federalism and intergovernmental coordination. A dominant theme throughout the handbook is a critical reflection on the utility of scholarly theory and the extent to which government practices inform the development of this theory. To this end it serves as an essential guide for both the practice of public administration today and its on-going development as an academic discipline. The SAGE Handbook of Public Administration remains indispensable to the teaching, study and practice of public administration for students, academics and professionals everywhere.


Pdf ebook: The Marketing of War in the Age of Neo-Militarism

Pdf download ebook The Marketing of War in the Age of Neo-Militarism

Summary: The post-9/11 era and the overall impact of international terrorism have generated much debate regarding the role of military apparatus in modern society.

  • Author : Kostas Gouliamos,Christos Kassimeris
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136475141
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 290
  • Language: English
  • Views: 740
  • Downloads: 740
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Description: The post-9/11 era and the overall impact of international terrorism have generated much debate regarding the role of military apparatus in modern society. This book assesses the inherent meaning of the militarization from a critical, interdisciplinary perspective. Against the background of democracy and capitalism, The Marketing of War in the Age of Neo-Militarism challenges prevailing accounts of the "military-industrial complex" as it explores significant interrelated themes denoting the accelerating process of militarization of society. Designed to address pressing socio-political phenomena, this book is the first of its genre contesting conventional wisdom about the perceived link between war and the "military-industrial complex." It is unique not merely because of its approach, but also for its thorough analysis of deeply affected social institutions and processes such as education, popular culture, geopolitics, military expenditure, space and the environment. Contributing authors advance the discussion by exposing factual information demonstrating the nature and scope of society’s militarization. Their analysis is also broadened to encompass key concepts and diverse aspects of the subject matter that provoke a lively debate. The book offers compelling arguments that will be indispensable to scholars, students, professionals, and policy and decision makers with an interest in social and political sciences as well as in other related fields.


Pdf ebook: Executive Politics in Times of Crisis

Pdf download ebook Executive Politics in Times of Crisis

Summary: Executive Politics in Times of Crisis brings together leading international scholars to consider key trends and challenges that have defined executive poli

  • Author : M. Lodge,K. Wegrich
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137010266
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 300
  • Language: English
  • Views: 447
  • Downloads: 447
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Description: Executive Politics in Times of Crisis brings together leading international scholars to consider key trends and challenges that have defined executive politics over the past decade. It showcases key debates in executive politics and contributes to an understanding of the 'executive factor' in political life.


Pdf ebook: The Executive Unbound

Pdf download ebook The Executive Unbound

Summary: Ever since Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. used "imperial presidency" as a book title, the term has become central to the debate about the balance of power in th

  • Author : Eric A. Posner,Adrian Vermeule
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199830460
  • Genre: Law
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 702
  • Downloads: 702
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Description: Ever since Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. used "imperial presidency" as a book title, the term has become central to the debate about the balance of power in the U.S. government. Since the presidency of George W. Bush, when advocates of executive power such as Dick Cheney gained ascendancy, the argument has blazed hotter than ever. Many argue the Constitution itself is in grave danger. What is to be done? The answer, according to legal scholars Eric Posner and Adrian Vermeule, is nothing. In The Executive Unbound, they provide a bracing challenge to conventional wisdom, arguing that a strong presidency is inevitable in the modern world. Most scholars, they note, object to today's level of executive power because it varies so dramatically from the vision of the framers. But there is nothing in our system of checks and balances that intrinsically generates order or promotes positive arrangements. In fact, the greater complexity of the modern world produces a concentration of power, particularly in the White House. The authors chart the rise of executive authority straight through to the Obama presidency. Political, cultural and social restraints, they argue, have been more effective in preventing dictatorship than any law. The executive-centered state tends to generate political checks that substitute for the legal checks of the Madisonian constitution.


Pdf ebook: Conscience of a Conspiracy Theorist

Pdf download ebook Conscience of a Conspiracy Theorist

Summary: Conscience of a Conspiracy Theoristseeks to show how governmental deceit and (corporate-controlled) media silence have combined to keep the public misinfor

  • Author : Robert Lockwood Mills
  • Publisher: Algora Publishing
  • ISBN: 0875868266
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 213
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1646
  • Downloads: 1646
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Description: Conscience of a Conspiracy Theoristseeks to show how governmental deceit and (corporate-controlled) media silence have combined to keep the public misinformed about shocking events in American history. In the process, skeptics who question the "official accounts" are labeled "conspiracy theorists," a pejorative term that carries with it suggestions of foolishness and a lack of patriotism. The book focuses on critical moments in American history, with particular focus on the Kennedy assassination, 9/11, and the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections. It exposes flaws in the conventional wisdom in each case, in a non-partisan manner that separates political ideology from an objective analysis of the facts. The author's style is at once objective and academic, utilizing historical background information (often neglected by other historians and the media) to illuminate current circumstances. The book's primary value to readers and libraries lies in its willingness to go where other authors, most major publishers, and the mainstream media refuse to go...into direct criticism of government leaders and their cronies. The term "false-flag event" isn't well understood, but it has been a valuable tool for corrupt leaders and tyrants since the first century AD. Until the reader understands what a false-flag event is, he or she is incapable of recognizing the difference between a conspiracy theorist and an honest skeptic.


Pdf ebook: Road to Iraq

Pdf download ebook Road to Iraq

Summary: The Iraq war "e; its causes, agency and execution "e; has been shrouded in an ideological mist. Now, Muhammad Idrees Ahmad dispels the myths surrou

  • Author : Muhammad Idrees Ahmad
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 0748693041
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1918
  • Downloads: 1918
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Description: The Iraq war "e; its causes, agency and execution "e; has been shrouded in an ideological mist. Now, Muhammad Idrees Ahmad dispels the myths surrounding the war, taking a sociological approach to establish the war's causes, identify its agents and describe how it was sold. Ahmad presents a social history of the war's leading agents "e; the neoconservatives "e; and shows how this ideologically coherent group of determined political agents used the contingency of 9/11 to overwhelm a sceptical foreign policy establishment, military brass and intelligence apparatus, propelling the US into a war that a significant portion of the public opposed. The book includes an historical exploration of American militarism and of the increased post-WWII US role in the Middle East, as well as a reconsideration of the debates that John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt sparked after the publication of 'The Israel lobby and US Foreign Policy'.


Pdf ebook: Get Things Moving!

Pdf download ebook Get Things Moving!

Summary: Recounts the forgotten but important work of Wayne Coy, the Office for Emergency Management’s Liaison Officer, during the early years of World War II. Sh

  • Author : Mordecai Lee
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 1438471386
  • Genre: BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY
  • Number of Pages: 396
  • Language: English
  • Views: 730
  • Downloads: 730
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Description: Recounts the forgotten but important work of Wayne Coy, the Office for Emergency Management’s Liaison Officer, during the early years of World War II. Shortly after Hitler’s armies invaded Western Europe in May of 1940, President Franklin Roosevelt activated a new agency within the Executive Office of the President called the Office for Emergency Management (OEM). The OEM went on to house many prewar and wartime agencies created to manage the country’s arms production buildup and economic mobilization. After World War II a consensus by historians quickly gelled that OEM was unimportant, viewing it as a mere administrative holding company and legalistic convenience for the emergency agencies. Similarly they have dismissed the importance of the Liaison Officer for Emergency Management (LOEM), viewing the position as merely a liaison channel between OEM agencies and the White House. Mordecai Lee presents a revisionist history of OEM, focusing mostly on the record of the longest serving LOEM, Wayne Coy. Drawing upon largely unexamined archival sources, including the Roosevelt and Truman Presidential Libraries and the National Archives, Lee gives a precise account of what Coy actually did and, contrary to the conventional wisdom, concludes he was an important senior leader in the Roosevelt White House, engaging in management, policy, and politics. “Underscoring how a seminal, yet relatively unknown, figure worked to advance New Deal initiatives and some of the federal government’s response to mechanisms associated with trying to end the Great Depression, Lee illuminates a forgotten element of this historic time in US administrative history.” —Stephanie P. Newbold, author of All But Forgotten: Thomas Jefferson and the Development of Public Administration


Pdf ebook: Can Government Do Anything Right?

Pdf download ebook Can Government Do Anything Right?

Summary: Across the Western world, people are angry about the inability of government to perform basic functions competently. With widespread evidence of policy fai

  • Author : Alasdair Roberts
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1509521542
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 144
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1390
  • Downloads: 1390
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Description: Across the Western world, people are angry about the inability of government to perform basic functions competently. With widespread evidence of policy failures at home and ill-conceived wars and interventions abroad, it is hardly surprising that politicians are distrusted and government is derided as a sprawling, wasteful mess. But what exactly is government supposed to do, and is the track record of Western governments really so awful? In this compelling book, leading scholar of public policy and management, Alasdair Roberts, explores what government does well and what it does badly. Political leaders, he explains, have always been obliged to wrestle with shifting circumstances and contending priorities, making the job of governing extraordinarily difficult. The performance of western democracies in recent decades is, admittedly, far from perfect but - as Roberts ably shows - it is also much better than you might think.


Pdf ebook: New Common Ground

Pdf download ebook New Common Ground

Summary: Toward a new consensus on rights and responsibilities

  • Author : Amitai Etzioni
  • Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
  • ISBN: 1597974072
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1998
  • Downloads: 1998
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Description: Toward a new consensus on rights and responsibilities


Pdf ebook: Fellow Tribesmen

Pdf download ebook Fellow Tribesmen

Summary: Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Germans exhibited a widespread cultural passion for tales and representations of Native Americans. This

  • Author : Frank Usbeck
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1782386556
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 262
  • Language: English
  • Views: 876
  • Downloads: 876
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Description: Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Germans exhibited a widespread cultural passion for tales and representations of Native Americans. This book explores the evolution of German national identity and its relationship with the ideas and cultural practices around “Indianthusiasm.” Pervasive and adaptable, imagery of Native Americans was appropriated by Nazi propaganda and merged with exceptionalist notions of German tribalism, oxymoronically promoting the Nazis’ racial ideology. This book combines cultural and intellectual history to scrutinize the motifs of Native American imagery in German literature, media, and scholarship, and analyzes how these motifs facilitated the propaganda effort to nurture national pride, racial thought, militarism, and hatred against the Allied powers among the German populace.


Pdf ebook: The Bush Administration (1989-1993) and the Development of a European Security Identity

Pdf download ebook The Bush Administration (1989-1993) and the Development of a European Security Identity

Summary: This title was first published in 2001. This compelling study draws insightful conclusions about US foreign policy towards Europe at a critical juncture in

  • Author : Sophie Vanhoonacker
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351775650
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 284
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1727
  • Downloads: 1727
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Description: This title was first published in 2001. This compelling study draws insightful conclusions about US foreign policy towards Europe at a critical juncture in the post-Cold War period. An absorbing and illuminating account, this material will be useful to non-specialists and student readers of US foreign policy, European integration, and international relations alike.


Pdf ebook: Writing on the Wall

Pdf download ebook Writing on the Wall

Summary: Although the significance of '9/11' is subject to debate, it is symbolic of a general sentiment of discontinuity whereby society is vulnerable to undefined

  • Author : Philip Van Notten
  • Publisher: Universal-Publishers
  • ISBN: 1581122659
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 228
  • Language: English
  • Views: 861
  • Downloads: 861
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Description: Although the significance of '9/11' is subject to debate, it is symbolic of a general sentiment of discontinuity whereby society is vulnerable to undefined and highly disruptive events. Recent catalysts of this sentiment are eye-catching developments such as the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and bird flu outbreaks, the Enron and Parmalat scandals, political assassinations in Sweden and the Netherlands, regime changes in Iraq and Afghanistan, and terrorist attacks in Bali, Istanbul, Madrid, and various parts of the Middle East. However, recent discontinuities should not be seen as evidence that discontinuities occur more frequently now than they did before. Looking back in history we see that disruptive processes are common. For example, 25 years ago few Europeans would have predicted the upcoming upheavals on their own continent: the collapse of communism, Berlin as the capital of a reunited Germany, the wars in the former Yugoslavia, the single European currency, and the near doubling of the number of European Union member states. Changes elsewhere have been no less discontinuous and unforeseen: the fall of the Asian tigers, the emergence of the Internet and mobile telecommunication, and the presidency of Nelson Mandela. Societal discontinuity is a relatively new area of concern in policy development. Since the 1970s the consideration of change and discontinuity has gained some ground over predictive forecasting, which tended to reason from continuous developments and linear processes. Rather than making forecasting the future, it has become popular to use scenarios as a manner to consider several possible futures. Scenarios are coherent descriptions of alternative hypothetical futures that reflect different perspectives on past, present, and future developments, which can serve as a basis for action. Scenario development aims to combine analytical knowledge with creative thinking in an effort to capture a wide range of possible future developments in a limited number of outlooks. Scenario development assumes that the future is uncertain and the directions in which current developments might range from the conventional to the revolutionary. In theory, scenario development is a way to consider future discontinuity. However, there are indications that the theoretical promise is not reflected in scenario practice. Research has shown that scenarios do not consider the idea of discontinuity as a matter of course. In our research, we found that a scenario study would benefit from efforts to create and foster a 'culture of curiosity' for exploring the future and the possible discontinuities rather than simply commissioning a scenario study to provide insights about the future. Only then can one read the writing on the wall of future developments.


Pdf ebook: Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict

Pdf download ebook Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict

Summary: The Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, a three-volume set written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world, takes advantage

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0080544142
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 2598
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1852
  • Downloads: 1852
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Description: The Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, a three-volume set written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world, takes advantage of increasing, worldwide awareness in the public, private, commercial, and academic sectors about manifestations of violence in all segments of society. While the contributors do not use these volumes to make specific arguments, they do describe and clarify the developments in thought that have led to current theories about and positions on violence and peace. Our reviewers consistently note that while many in-depth studies of war, peace, and aggression exist, the attendant specialization keeps scholars from learning about related fields. No publication competing with the Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict can satisfy their need for a vast introductory work to such a diverse and socially-important field. This major work includes more than 190 multidisciplinary articles with over 1,000 cross-references and more than 2,000 bibliography entries for further reading which are arranged alphabetically for easy access. More than 190 multidisciplinary articles with over 1,000 cross-references Article outline and glossary of key terms begin each article Entries arranged alphabetically for easy access Three-volume set with subject index of over 750 entries Articles written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world


Pdf ebook: A Pattern of Violence

Pdf download ebook A Pattern of Violence

Summary: A law professor and former prosecutor reveals how inconsistent ideas about violence, enshrined in law, are at the root of the problems that plague our enti

  • Author : David Alan Sklansky
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674259696
  • Genre: Law
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1892
  • Downloads: 1892
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Description: A law professor and former prosecutor reveals how inconsistent ideas about violence, enshrined in law, are at the root of the problems that plague our entire criminal justice system—from mass incarceration to police brutality. We take for granted that some crimes are violent and others aren’t. But how do we decide what counts as a violent act? David Alan Sklansky argues that legal notions about violence—its definition, causes, and moral significance—are functions of political choices, not eternal truths. And these choices are central to failures of our criminal justice system. The common distinction between violent and nonviolent acts, for example, played virtually no role in criminal law before the latter half of the twentieth century. Yet to this day, with more crimes than ever called “violent,” this distinction determines how we judge the seriousness of an offense, as well as the perpetrator’s debt and danger to society. Similarly, criminal law today treats violence as a pathology of individual character. But in other areas of law, including the procedural law that covers police conduct, the situational context of violence carries more weight. The result of these inconsistencies, and of society’s unique fear of violence since the 1960s, has been an application of law that reinforces inequities of race and class, undermining law’s legitimacy. A Pattern of Violence shows that novel legal philosophies of violence have motivated mass incarceration, blunted efforts to hold police accountable, constrained responses to sexual assault and domestic abuse, pushed juvenile offenders into adult prisons, encouraged toleration of prison violence, and limited responses to mass shootings. Reforming legal notions of violence is therefore an essential step toward justice.


Pdf ebook: Economic Democracy: The Political Struggle of the 21st Century

Pdf download ebook Economic Democracy: The Political Struggle of the 21st Century

Summary: This title was first published in 1999: The author contends that economic democracy is the economic system the U.S. purports to have, but has thus far fail

  • Author : J. W. Smith
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315501392
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 394
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1214
  • Downloads: 1214
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Description: This title was first published in 1999: The author contends that economic democracy is the economic system the U.S. purports to have, but has thus far failed to achieve because it, like all the economic powers that have gone before, seeks to control the economies of weaker nations. It is the shocking lack of economic democracy, and the efforts of so many to achieve it, that fuels today's conflicts and will fuel those of the 21st century.To show how and why, this comprehensive work provides a detailed analysis of the history of numerous aspects of the development of the Neo-Mercantilist world economy; the geopolitical systems put in place by the developed world to manage and perpetuate that economy; and the numerous proposals and modeling plans that have been offered over the years for the achievement of economic democracy.