Pdf ebook: Social Science Goes to War

Pdf download ebook Social Science Goes to War

Summary: The Human Terrain System (HTS) was catapulted into existence in 2006 by the US military's urgent need for knowledge of the human dimension of the battlespa

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190613378
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 434
  • Downloads: 434
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Description: The Human Terrain System (HTS) was catapulted into existence in 2006 by the US military's urgent need for knowledge of the human dimension of the battlespace in Iraq and Afghanistan. Its centrepiece was embedded groups of mixed military and civilian personnel, known as Human Terrain Teams (HTTs), whose mission was to conduct social science research and analysis and to advise military commanders about the local population. Bringing social science - and actual social scientists - to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan was bold and challenging. Despite the controversy over HTS among scholars, there is little good, reliable source material written by those with experience of HTS or about the actual work carried out by teams in theatre. This volume goes beyond the anecdotes, snippets and blogs to provide a comprehensive, objective and detailed view of HTS. The contributors put the program in historical context, discuss the obstacles it faced, analyse its successes, and detail the work of the teams downrange. Most importantly, they capture some of the diverse lived experience of HTS scholars and practitioners drawn from an eclectic array of the social sciences.


Pdf ebook: Cold War Social Science

Pdf download ebook Cold War Social Science

Summary: From World War II to the early 1970s, social science research expanded in dramatic and unprecedented fashion in the United States. This volume examines how

  • Author : M. Solovey,H. Cravens
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137013222
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 270
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1210
  • Downloads: 1210
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Description: From World War II to the early 1970s, social science research expanded in dramatic and unprecedented fashion in the United States. This volume examines how, why, and with what consequences this rapid and yet contested expansion depended on the entanglement of the social sciences with the Cold War.


Pdf ebook: Why Nations Go to War

Pdf download ebook Why Nations Go to War

Summary: The United States has been involved in many wars, sometimes for noble causes like defeating Nazism, and, at other times, it has compromised its own ideals,

  • Author : Mark P. Worrell
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136165088
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 80
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1214
  • Downloads: 1214
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Description: The United States has been involved in many wars, sometimes for noble causes like defeating Nazism, and, at other times, it has compromised its own ideals, leading to a lot of soul searching and regrets. Some wars are celebrated as glorious achievements (World War II), some are ‘forgotten’ (Korea), and some are ‘ignored’ (Afghanistan). The current wars in the Middle East represent a complex interplay of motivations, challenges, and threats to America’s role as the world’s democratic leadership. In the case of Afghanistan, we find that during the Cold War the US defense and intelligence apparatus directly and indirectly created an incalculable number of radical extremists that have now turned their sights on their former benefactor. The invasion of Iraq represents a different calculus: under the multitude of rationalizations rests a simple political-economic case of a master nation punishing a disobedient subject. In this brief book, America’s relationship with war is explored with an eye toward changes in capitalism from industrialism to post-industrialism, America’s involvement in the Cold War, nuclear proliferation, terrorism, torture, culture, and ideology. The goal of this new, unique Series is to offer readable, teachable "thinking frames" on today’s social problems and social issues by leading scholars, all in short 60 page or shorter formats, and available for view on http://routledge.customgateway.com/routledge-social-issues.html For instructors teaching a wide range of courses in the social sciences, the Routledge Social Issues Collection now offers the best of both worlds: originally written short texts that provide "overviews" to important social issues as well as teachable excerpts from larger works previously published by Routledge and other presses.


Pdf ebook: The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives

Pdf download ebook The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives

Summary: Traditional explorations of war look through the lens of history and military science, focusing on big events, big battles, and big generals. By contrast,

  • Author : Paul Joseph
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1483359913
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 2104
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1596
  • Downloads: 1596
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Description: Traditional explorations of war look through the lens of history and military science, focusing on big events, big battles, and big generals. By contrast, The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspective views war through the lens of the social sciences, looking at the causes, processes and effects of war and drawing from a vast group of fields such as communication and mass media, economics, political science and law, psychology and sociology. Key features include: · Approximately 700 entries organized A-to-Z, authored and signed by key academics in the field · Entries conclude with cross-references and further readings, aiding the researcher further in their research journeys · An alternative Reader’s Guide table of contents groups articles by disciplinary areas and by broad themes · A Glossary and helpful Resource Guide directing researchers to classic books, journals and electronic resources for more in-depth study This important and distinctive work will be a key reference for all researchers in the fields of political science, international relations and sociology.


Pdf ebook: Cold War Social Science

Pdf download ebook Cold War Social Science

Summary: From World War II to the early 1970s, social science research expanded in dramatic and unprecedented fashion in the United States. This volume examines how

  • Author : M. Solovey,H. Cravens
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137013222
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 270
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1673
  • Downloads: 1673
  • GET BOOK

Description: From World War II to the early 1970s, social science research expanded in dramatic and unprecedented fashion in the United States. This volume examines how, why, and with what consequences this rapid and yet contested expansion depended on the entanglement of the social sciences with the Cold War.


Pdf ebook: War and the Politics of Ethics

Pdf download ebook War and the Politics of Ethics

Summary: Contemporary Western war is represented as enacting the West's ability and responsibility to help make the world a better place for others, in particular t

  • Author : Maja Zehfuss
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192535404
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 248
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1012
  • Downloads: 1012
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Description: Contemporary Western war is represented as enacting the West's ability and responsibility to help make the world a better place for others, in particular to protect them from oppression and serious human rights abuses. That is, war has become permissible again, indeed even required, as ethical war. At the same time, however, Western war kills and destroys. This creates a paradox: Western war risks killing those it proposes to protect. This book examines how we have responded to this dilemma and challenges the vision of ethical war itself, exploring how the commitment to ethics shapes the practice of war and indeed how practices come, in turn, to shape what is considered ethical in war. The book closely examines particular practices of warfare, such as targeting, the use of cultural knowledge, and ethics training for soldiers. What emerges is that instead of constraining violence, the commitment to ethics enables and enhances it. The book argues that the production of ethical war relies on an impossible but obscured separation between ethics and politics, that is, the problematic politics of ethics, and reflects on the need to make decisions at the limit of ethics.


Pdf ebook: Human Terrain System

Pdf download ebook Human Terrain System

Summary: To avoid the footpaths which may have been mined with improvised explosive devices (IEDs), Ryan Evans, a U.S. federal civilian, was walking across a wheat

  • Author : Christopher J. Sims
  • Publisher: Declassified Press
  • ISBN: 396376435X
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Views: 892
  • Downloads: 892
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Description: To avoid the footpaths which may have been mined with improvised explosive devices (IEDs), Ryan Evans, a U.S. federal civilian, was walking across a wheat field in Babaji, Helmand Province, in the spring of 2011. Evans was attached to the Royal Highland Fusiliers (2 Scots), C Company, a heavy infantry patrol tasked with providing security in the vicinity. Begun 2 years earlier, the Helmand Food Zone Program was a form of development intervention which offered subsidies, seed, and fertilizers to farmers who replaced lucrative opium cultivation from poppies with growing and harvesting wheat and vegetable crops. Babaji had been in the control of insurgents until a few months earlier and had not received any assistance from the program during the previous year; consequently, there were tensions between the community and British forces. As Evans and the patrol emerged from the field, an Afghan man sitting nearby, clearly irate, shouted in Pashto that the British soldiers had wanted the farmer to grow wheat instead of poppy, and then the same British soldiers walked through their fields. At the immediate level, the encounter demonstrated the direct link between conflict, food security, and local trade, but conflict has many interrelated and mutual dependencies such that the anecdote is instructive on myriad broader milieus. Where, for example, is the tipping point that makes a civilian value creating an expression of discontent to a heavily armed patrol above his immediate physical security? Do livelihoods and cultures affect military strategies? Are there interdependencies between insurgencies, societies, and economies? Does the language of war require a sociological grammar in order to be understood? Armed conflict is a human enterprise such that, by extension, understanding of the human dimension in a given area of operations should be thought integral to planning successful operations...


Pdf ebook: Innocents Lost

Pdf download ebook Innocents Lost

Summary: Ida, a member of Sri Lanka’s Female Tamil Tigers, fought with one of the longest-surviving and successful guerilla movements in the world. She is sixteen

  • Author : Jimmie Briggs
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0786738502
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 216
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1626
  • Downloads: 1626
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Description: Ida, a member of Sri Lanka’s Female Tamil Tigers, fought with one of the longest-surviving and successful guerilla movements in the world. She is sixteen. Francois, a fourteen-year-old Rwandan child of mixed ethnicity, was forced by Hutu militiamen to hack to death his sister’s Tutsi children.More than 250,000 children have fought in three dozen conflicts around the world, but growing exploitation of children in war is staggering and little known. From the “little bees” of Colombia to the “baby brigades” of Sri Lanka, the subject of child soldiers is changing the face of terrorism. For the last seven years, Jimmie Briggs has been talking to, writing about, and researching the plight of these young combatants. The horrific stories of these children, dramatically told in their own voices, reveal the devastating consequences of this global tragedy.Cogent, passionate, impeccably researched, and compellingly told, Innocents Lost is the fullest, most personal and powerful examination yet of the lives of child soldiers.


Pdf ebook: African Insurgencies: From the Colonial Era to the 21st Century

Pdf download ebook African Insurgencies: From the Colonial Era to the 21st Century

Summary: Presenting a continent-wide comparative analysis of ethnic, political, and colonially based insurgencies, this text examines the causes, tactics, outcomes,

  • Author : Richard A. Lobban Jr.,Chris H. Dalton
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 1440839956
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 245
  • Language: English
  • Views: 542
  • Downloads: 542
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Description: Presenting a continent-wide comparative analysis of ethnic, political, and colonially based insurgencies, this text examines the causes, tactics, outcomes, and key individuals of African insurgent events and assesses a range of foreseeable outcomes in Africa's multiple regions of continuing political instability. • Supplies a highly useful comparative analysis of insurgencies across Africa since the Colonial period to recent decades, addressing their root causes, actors, outcomes, and ultimately prevention • Provides comprehensive treatment of significant engagements, internal leaders, and outside influences that contributed to these insurgencies • Discusses ongoing security conflicts, such as in Libya and Sudan, to compare nations that have successfully overcome such events with those nations that continue to suffer with the consequences of such revolts and insurgent movements • Offers critical assessments of prospects for inclusive democracies to combat insurgencies as well as strategies for prevention to create more stable environments


Pdf ebook: Global and Culturally Diverse Leaders and Leadership

Pdf download ebook Global and Culturally Diverse Leaders and Leadership

Summary: This book explores diverse cultural leadership styles and paradigms of leadership that are dynamic, complex, globally authentic and culturally competent fo

  • Author : Jean Lau Chin,Joseph E. Trimble,Joseph E. Garcia
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN: 1787435350
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: 376
  • Language: English
  • Views: 969
  • Downloads: 969
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Description: This book explores diverse cultural leadership styles and paradigms of leadership that are dynamic, complex, globally authentic and culturally competent for the 21st century. By redefining global leadership, the authors impart a new understanding of the criteria for selecting, training and evaluating leaders in the 21st century.


Pdf ebook: Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics

Pdf download ebook Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics

Summary: The Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics is a comprehensive reference work that addresses concerns held in common by the military services of many nations

  • Author : George Lucas
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317801768
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 476
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1421
  • Downloads: 1421
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Description: The Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics is a comprehensive reference work that addresses concerns held in common by the military services of many nations. It attempts to discern both moral dilemmas and clusters of moral principles held in common by all practitioners of this profession, regardless of nation or culture. Comprising essays by contributors drawn from the four service branches (Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine corps) as well as civilian academics specializing in this field, this handbook discusses the relationship of "ethics" in the military setting to applied and professional ethics generally. Leading scholars and senior military practitioners from countries including the US, UK, France, China, Australia and Japan, discuss various national cultural views of the moral dimensions of military service. With reference to the responsibilities of professional orientation and education, as well as the challenges posed by recent technological developments, this handbook examines the difficulties underpinning the fundamental framework of military service. This book will be of much interest to students of military studies, war theory, ethics philosophy, sociology, war and conflict studies, and security studies.


Pdf ebook: Philosophy of Social Science

Pdf download ebook Philosophy of Social Science

Summary: Philosophy of Social Science provides a tightly argued yet accessible introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences, including econom

  • Author : Alexander Rosenberg
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429974477
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 360
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1697
  • Downloads: 1697
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Description: Philosophy of Social Science provides a tightly argued yet accessible introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences, including economics, anthropology, sociology, political science, psychology, history, and the disciplines emerging at the intersections of these subjects with biology. Philosophy is unavoidable for social scientists because the choices they make in answering questions in their disciplines force them to take sides on philosophical matters. Conversely, the philosophy of social science is equally necessary for philosophers since the social and behavior sciences must inform their understanding of human action, norms, and social institutions. The fifth edition retains from previous editions an illuminating interpretation of the enduring relations between the social sciences and philosophy, and reflects on developments in social research over the past two decades that have informed and renewed debate in the philosophy of social science. An expanded discussion of philosophical anthropology and modern and postmodern critical theory is new for this edition.


Pdf ebook: National Intelligence and Science

Pdf download ebook National Intelligence and Science

Summary: Intelligence is currently facing increasingly challenging cross-pressures from both a need for accurate and timely assessments of potential or imminent sec

  • Author : Wilhelm Agrell,Gregory F. Treverton
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019936088X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 272
  • Language: English
  • Views: 323
  • Downloads: 323
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Description: Intelligence is currently facing increasingly challenging cross-pressures from both a need for accurate and timely assessments of potential or imminent security threats and the unpredictability of many of these emerging threats. We are living in a social environment of growing security and intelligence challenges, yet the traditional, narrow intelligence process is becoming increasingly insufficient for coping with diffuse, complex, and rapidly-transforming threats. The essence of intelligence is no longer the collection, analysis, and dissemination of secret information, but has become instead the management of uncertainty in areas critical for overriding security goals--not only for nations, but also for the international community as a whole. For its part, scientific research on major societal risks like climate change is facing a similar cross-pressure from demand on the one hand and incomplete data and developing theoretical concepts on the other. For both of these knowledge-producing domains, the common denominator is the paramount challenges of framing and communicating uncertainty and of managing the pitfalls of politicization. National Intelligence and Science is one of the first attempts to analyze these converging domains and the implications of their convergence, in terms of both more scientific approaches to intelligence problems and intelligence approaches to scientific problems. Science and intelligence constitute, as the book spells out, two remarkably similar and interlinked domains of knowledge production, yet ones that remain traditionally separated by a deep political, cultural, and epistemological divide. Looking ahead, the two twentieth-century monoliths--the scientific and the intelligence estates--are becoming simply outdated in their traditional form. The risk society is closing the divide, though in a direction not foreseen by the proponents of turning intelligence analysis into a science, or the new production of scientific knowledge.


Pdf ebook: Ethics and Terrorism

Pdf download ebook Ethics and Terrorism

Summary: This book provides a unique insight into the ethical issues and dilemmas facing practitioners and researchers of terrorism and counterterrorism. Ethics pla

  • Author : Max Taylor,John Horgan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000481247
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 202
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1862
  • Downloads: 1862
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Description: This book provides a unique insight into the ethical issues and dilemmas facing practitioners and researchers of terrorism and counterterrorism. Ethics play a central if, largely, unrecognised role in most, if not all, issues relevant to terrorism and political violence. These are often most noticeable regarding counterterrorism controversies, while often virtually absent from discussions about academic research practice. At a minimum, ethical issues as they relate to terrorism have rarely been explicitly addressed in a direct or comprehensive manner. The chapters in this edited volume draws on the experience of both practitioners and researchers to explore how a regard to ethical issues might influence and determine research and practice in counter terrorism, and in our understanding of terrorism. Ethics and Terrorism recognizes that there are conflicting and often irreconcilable perspectives from which to view terrorism and terrorism research. In calling for greater attention to these issues, the goal is not to resolve problems, but to explore and clarify the assumptions and dilemmas that underpin our understanding of the personal, institutional and societal ethical boundaries and constraints around terrorism and responses to it. This book will be of value to practitioners and researchers, and to policy makers and the broader interested community. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the journal Terrorism and Political Violence.


Pdf ebook: Mavericks of War

Pdf download ebook Mavericks of War

Summary: During World War I, Oxford-trained archeologist Lawrence of Arabia used his knowledge of the Middle East to help organize the Arab revolt against the Ottom

  • Author : Jason Ridler
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 0811767760
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1894
  • Downloads: 1894
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Description: During World War I, Oxford-trained archeologist Lawrence of Arabia used his knowledge of the Middle East to help organize the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire. In this entertaining and insightful book, Jason Ridler profiles the intellectuals, outsiders, and eccentrics who followed in Lawrence’s footsteps across the next hundred years of warfare and who relied on creativity, curiosity, and outside-the-box thinking to shape battlefields from World War II and Vietnam to Iraq and Afghanistan. They were Ivy Leaguers and Oxford scholars, anthropologists and archeologists, an ad executive, an international activist, a Peace Corps veteran, an émigré journalist (and former teenage member of the French Resistance), a diplomat—mavericks and oddballs, men and women—who, not always heralded or heeded and sometimes hated, challenged traditional military thought and helped win wars, secure peace, and change the face of modern war.


Pdf ebook: Afghanistan War: A Documentary and Reference Guide

Pdf download ebook Afghanistan War: A Documentary and Reference Guide

Summary: Providing an invaluable introductory resource for students investigating the war in Afghanistan, this book highlights the evolution of the conflict through

  • Author : Ryan Wadle
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 1440857474
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 357
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1016
  • Downloads: 1016
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Description: Providing an invaluable introductory resource for students investigating the war in Afghanistan, this book highlights the evolution of the conflict through the documents that helped to shape it. • Reflects the subject expertise of its editor, a former member of the US Army's Combat Studies Institute's Afghanistan Study Team • Collects documents from many of the major participants that cover the political, social, economic, and military evolution of the conflict • Discusses political, social, and military factors to explain why conflict has persisted in Afghanistan for nearly four decades • Highlights both the continuity and change in policies in Afghanistan over the past 40 years • Includes translations of some Taliban documents to give an even broader perspective of the war


Pdf ebook: The Humanitarian Civilian

Pdf download ebook The Humanitarian Civilian

Summary: In international humanitarian law (IHL), the principle of distinction delineates the difference between the civilian and the combatant, and it safeguards t

  • Author : Rebecca Sutton
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192609211
  • Genre: Law
  • Number of Pages: 248
  • Language: English
  • Views: 419
  • Downloads: 419
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Description: In international humanitarian law (IHL), the principle of distinction delineates the difference between the civilian and the combatant, and it safeguards the former from being intentionally targeted in armed conflicts. This monograph explores the way in which the idea of distinction circulates within, and beyond, IHL. Taking a bottom-up approach, the multi-sited study follows distinction across three realms: the kinetic realm, where distinction is in motion in South Sudan; the pedagogical realm, where distinction is taught in civil-military training spaces in Europe; and the intellectual realm, where distinction is formulated and adjudicated in Geneva and the Hague. Directing attention to international humanitarian actors, the book shows that these actors seize upon signifiers of 'civilianness' in everyday practice. To safeguard their civilian status, and to deflect any qualities of 'combatantness' that might affix to them, humanitarian actors strive to distinguish themselves from other international actors in their midst. The latter include peacekeepers working for the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), and soldiers who deploy with NATO missions. Crucially, some of the distinctions enacted cut along civilian-civilian lines, suggesting that humanitarian actors are longing for something more than civilian status - the 'civilian plus'. This special status presents a paradox: the appeal to the 'civilian plus' undermines general civilian protection, yet as the civilian ideal becomes increasingly beleaguered, a special civilian status appears ever more desirable. However disruptive these practices may be to the principle of distinction in IHL, the monograph emphasizes that even at the most normative level there is no bright line distinction to be found.


Pdf ebook: War: How Conflict Shaped Us

Pdf download ebook War: How Conflict Shaped Us

Summary: NATIONAL BESTSELLER SHORTLISTED for the 2021 Lionel Gelber Prize Thoughtful and brilliant insights into the very nature of war--from the ancient Greeks to

  • Author : Margaret MacMillan
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 0735238030
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1006
  • Downloads: 1006
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Description: NATIONAL BESTSELLER SHORTLISTED for the 2021 Lionel Gelber Prize Thoughtful and brilliant insights into the very nature of war--from the ancient Greeks to modern times--from world-renowned historian Margaret MacMillan. War--its imprint in our lives and our memories--is all around us, from the metaphors we use to the names on our maps. As books, movies, and television series show, we are drawn to the history and depiction of war. Yet we nevertheless like to think of war as an aberration, as the breakdown of the normal state of peace. This is comforting but wrong. War is woven into the fabric of human civilization. In this sweeping new book, international bestselling author and historian Margaret MacMillan analyzes the tangled history of war and society and our complicated feelings towards it and towards those who fight. It explores the ways in which changes in society have affected the nature of war and how in turn wars have changed the societies that fight them, including the ways in which women have been both participants in and the objects of war. MacMillan's new book contains many revelations, such as war has often been good for science and innovation and in the 20th century it did much for the position of women in many societies. But throughout, it forces the reader to reflect on the ways in which war is so intertwined with society, and the myriad reasons we fight.


Pdf ebook: Russian/Soviet Studies in the United States, Amerikanistika in Russia

Pdf download ebook Russian/Soviet Studies in the United States, Amerikanistika in Russia

Summary: In this collection, leading scholars of U.S.–Russian relations from both countries analyze the place occupied by the study of the “Other,” either Rus

  • Author : Ivan Kurilla,Victoria I. Zhuravleva
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 1498517994
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 306
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1736
  • Downloads: 1736
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Description: In this collection, leading scholars of U.S.–Russian relations from both countries analyze the place occupied by the study of the “Other,” either Russian or American, within national social and political agendas throughout the past century and a half. The contributors examine the problems that arise from the intersections of academic, political, and sociocultural contexts.


Pdf ebook: Moral Combat

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Summary: In family rooms across America, millions of children and teenagers are playing video games, such as Call of Duty, Halo, and Grand Theft Auto, roaming viole

  • Author : Patrick M. Markey,Christopher J. Ferguson
  • Publisher: BenBella Books, Inc.
  • ISBN: 1942952996
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1039
  • Downloads: 1039
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Description: In family rooms across America, millions of children and teenagers are playing video games, such as Call of Duty, Halo, and Grand Theft Auto, roaming violent virtual worlds—with virtual guns in their hands. In what sometimes seems like an increasingly violent world, it's only natural to worry about the effects of all this pixelated gore. But is that concern misplaced? Authors and psychologists Patrick M. Markey and Christopher J. Ferguson say it is. The media and politicians have been sounding the alarm for years, and with every fresh tragedy involving a young perpetrator comes another flurry of articles about the dangers of violent media. The problem is this: Their fear isn't supported by the evidence. In fact, unlike the video game–trained murder machines depicted in the press, school shooters are actually less likely to be interested in violent games than their peers. In reality, most well-adjusted children and teenagers play violent video games, all without ever exhibiting violent behavior in real life. What's more, spikes in sales of violent games actually correspond to decreased rates of violent crime. If that surprises you, you're not alone—the national dialogue on games and violence has been hopelessly biased. But that's beginning to change. Scholars are finding that not only are violent games not one of society's great evils, they may even be a force for good. In Moral Combat, Markey and Ferguson explore how video games—even the bloodiest—can have a positive impact on everything from social skills to stress, and may even make us more morally sensitive. Tracing the rise of violent games from arcades to online deathmatches, they have spent years on the front lines of the video game debate and now offer a comprehensive overview of the scientific research on gaming. With humor, complete honesty, and extensive research, they separate the myth from the medium. Moral Combat is an irreverent and informative guide to the worries—and wonders—of our violent virtual world.