Pdf ebook: The Philosophy Book

Pdf download ebook The Philosophy Book

Summary: What existed before the Universe was created? Where does self-worth come from? Do the ends always justify the means? The Philosophy Book answers the most p

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1465441069
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1386
  • Downloads: 1386
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Description: What existed before the Universe was created? Where does self-worth come from? Do the ends always justify the means? The Philosophy Book answers the most profound questions we all have. It is your visual guide to the fundamental nature of existence, society, and how we think. Discover what it means to be free, whether science can predict the future, or how language shapes our thoughts. Learn about the world's greatest philosophers, from Plato and Confucius to modern thinkers such as Chomsky and Derrida and follow charts and timelines that graphically show the progression of ideas and logic. Written in plain English, with concise explanations of branches of philosophy such as metaphysics and ethics, it untangles complicated theories and makes sense of abstract concepts. It is an ideal reference whether you're a student or a general reader, with simple explanations of big ideas, including the four noble truths, the soul, class struggle, moral purpose, and good and evil. If you're curious about the deeper questions in life, The Philosophy Book is both an invaluable reference and illuminating read.


Pdf ebook: Québec Studies in the Philosophy of Science

Pdf download ebook Québec Studies in the Philosophy of Science

Summary: By North-American standards, philosophy is not new in Quebec: the first men tion of philosophy lectures given by a Jesuit in the College de Quebec (founded

  • Author : Mathieu Marion,Robert S. Cohen
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400901135
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 308
  • Language: English
  • Views: 709
  • Downloads: 709
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Description: By North-American standards, philosophy is not new in Quebec: the first men tion of philosophy lectures given by a Jesuit in the College de Quebec (founded 1635) dates from 1665, and the oldest logic manuscript dates from 1679. In English-speaking universities such as McGill (founded 1829), philosophy began to be taught later, during the second half of the 19th century. The major influence on English-speaking philosophers was, at least initially, that of Scottish Empiricism. On the other hand, the strong influence of the Catholic Church on French-Canadian society meant that the staff of the facultes of the French-speaking universities consisted, until recently, almost entirely of Thomist philosophers. There was accordingly little or no work in modern Formal Logic and Philosophy of Science and precious few contacts between the philosophical communities. In the late forties, Hugues Leblanc was a young student wanting to learn Formal Logic. He could not find anyone in Quebec to teach him and he went to study at Harvard University under the supervision of W. V. Quine. His best friend Maurice L' Abbe had left, a year earlier, for Princeton to study with Alonzo Church. After receiving his Ph. D from Harvard in 1948, Leblanc started his profes sional career at Bryn Mawr College, where he stayed until 1967. He then went to Temple University, where he taught until his retirement in 1992, serving as Chair of the Department of Philosophy from 1973 until 1979.


Pdf ebook: The Making of a Confederate

Pdf download ebook The Making of a Confederate

Summary: Despite the advances of the civil rights movement, many white southerners cling to the faded glory of a romanticized Confederate past. In The Making of a C

  • Author : William L. Barney
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199886180
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 272
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1418
  • Downloads: 1418
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Description: Despite the advances of the civil rights movement, many white southerners cling to the faded glory of a romanticized Confederate past. In The Making of a Confederate, William L. Barney focuses on the life of one man, Walter Lenoir of North Carolina, to examine the origins of southern white identity alongside its myriad ambiguities and complexities. Born into a wealthy slaveholding family, Lenoir abhorred the institution, opposed secession, and planned to leave his family to move to Minnesota, in the free North. But when the war erupted in 1860, Lenoir found another escape route--he joined the Confederate army, an experience that would radically transform his ideals. After the war, Lenoir, like many others, embraced the cult of the Lost Cause, refashioning his memory and beliefs in an attempt to make sense of the war, its causes, and its consequences. While some Southerners sank into depression, aligned with the victors, or fiercely opposed the new order, Lenoir withdrew to his acreage in the North Carolina mountains. There, he pursued his own vision of the South's future, one that called for greater self-sufficiency and a more efficient use of the land. For Lenoir and many fellow Confederates, the war never really ended. As he tells this compelling story, Barney offers new insights into the ways that (selective) memory informs history; through Lenoir's life, readers learn how individual choices can transform abstract historical processes into concrete actions.


Pdf ebook: A Century of Philosophy

Pdf download ebook A Century of Philosophy

Summary: A philosophical and historical testament to the twentieth century, this volume consists of a wide-ranging series of interviews conducted in 1999/2000 betwe

  • Author : Hans-Georg Gadamer
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1441168060
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 160
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1086
  • Downloads: 1086
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Description: A philosophical and historical testament to the twentieth century, this volume consists of a wide-ranging series of interviews conducted in 1999/2000 between the then centenarian and his former assistant and associate of over thirty years, Riccardo Dottori. These ten dialogues distill and situate Gadamer's philosophy in the context of what has arguably been the bloodiest century in human history. In the course of the interviews, Gadamer addresses-often critically-the work of a wide variety of philosophers, including Heidegger, Nietzsche, Jaspers, Popper, Vico, Habermas, Rorty, and Derrida. He also elaborates on German philosophy during the Nazi period; and, in one of the more fascinating conversations, we are treated to a glimpse of Gadamer's personal perspective on the question of Heidegger's Nazism, including a discussion of the political influence that great philosopher's wife, Elfirde, had on him that tends to contradict most other published accounts. With the possible exception of his autobiography 1985, A Century of Philosophy is perhaps the most accessible expression of Gadamer's life and work in English today.


Pdf ebook: African Philosophy

Pdf download ebook African Philosophy

Summary: Hountondji contends that ideological manifestations of this view that stress the uniqueness of the African experience are protonationalist reactions agains

  • Author : Paulin J. Hountondji
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0253210968
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 221
  • Language: English
  • Views: 633
  • Downloads: 633
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Description: Hountondji contends that ideological manifestations of this view that stress the uniqueness of the African experience are protonationalist reactions against colonialism conducted, paradoxically, in the terms of colonialist discourse. Hountondji argues that a genuine African philosophy must assimilate and transcend the theoretical heritage of Western philosophy and must reflect a rigorous process of independent scientific inquiry.


Pdf ebook: Thoreau's Importance for Philosophy

Pdf download ebook Thoreau's Importance for Philosophy

Summary: Although Henry David Thoreau's best-known book, Walden, is admired as a classic work of American literature, it has not yet been widely recognized as an im

  • Author : Rick Anthony Furtak,Jonathan Ellsworth,James D. Reid
  • Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
  • ISBN: 0823239306
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Number of Pages: 300
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1530
  • Downloads: 1530
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Description: Although Henry David Thoreau's best-known book, Walden, is admired as a classic work of American literature, it has not yet been widely recognized as an important philosophical text. In fact, many academic philosophers would be reluctant to classify Thoreau as a philosopher at all. The purpose of this volume is to remedy this neglect, to explain Thoreau's philosophical significance, and to argue that we can still learn from his polemical conception of philosophy.Thoreau sought to establish philosophy as a way of life and to root our philosophical, conceptual affairs in more practical or existential concerns. His work provides us with a sustained meditation on the importance of leading our lives with integrity, avoiding what he calls "quiet desperation." The contributors to this volume approach Thoreau's writings from different angles. They explore his aesthetic views, his naturalism, his theory of self, his ethical principles, and his political stances. Most importantly, they show how Thoreau returns philosophy to its roots as the love of wisdom.


Pdf ebook: A History of Western Philosophy

Pdf download ebook A History of Western Philosophy

Summary: Plato. Aristotle. Augustine. Hume. Kant. Hegel. Every student of philosophy needs to know the history of the philosophical discourse such giants have beque

  • Author : C. Stephen Evans
  • Publisher: InterVarsity Press
  • ISBN: 0830873694
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 600
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1409
  • Downloads: 1409
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Description: Plato. Aristotle. Augustine. Hume. Kant. Hegel. Every student of philosophy needs to know the history of the philosophical discourse such giants have bequeathed us. Philosopher C. Stephen Evans brings his expertise to this daunting task as he surveys the history of Western philosophy, from the Pre-Socratics to Nietzsche and postmodernism—and every major figure and movement in between.


Pdf ebook: History of Western Philosophy

Pdf download ebook History of Western Philosophy

Summary: First published in 1946, History of Western Philosophy went on to become the best-selling philosophy book of the twentieth century. A dazzlingly ambitious

  • Author : Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134343663
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 792
  • Language: English
  • Views: 314
  • Downloads: 314
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Description: First published in 1946, History of Western Philosophy went on to become the best-selling philosophy book of the twentieth century. A dazzlingly ambitious project, it remains unchallenged to this day as the ultimate introduction to Western philosophy. Providing a sophisticated overview of the ideas that have perplexed people from time immemorial, it is 'long on wit, intelligence and curmudgeonly scepticism', as the New York Times noted, and it is this, coupled with the sheer brilliance of its scholarship, that has made Russell's History of Western Philosophy one of the most important philosophical works of all time.


Pdf ebook: The Philosophy of History

Pdf download ebook The Philosophy of History

Summary: One of the great classics of Western thought develops concept that history is not chance but a rational process, operating according to the laws of evoluti

  • Author : Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486119009
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Views: 878
  • Downloads: 878
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Description: One of the great classics of Western thought develops concept that history is not chance but a rational process, operating according to the laws of evolution, and embodying the spirit of freedom.


Pdf ebook: Exhortations to Philosophy

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Summary: This book is a study of the literary strategies which the first professional philosophers used to market their respective disciplines. Philosophers of four

  • Author : James Henderson Collins II
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190266546
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 902
  • Downloads: 902
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Description: This book is a study of the literary strategies which the first professional philosophers used to market their respective disciplines. Philosophers of fourth-century BCE Athens developed the emerging genre of the "protreptic" (literally, "turning" or "converting"). Simply put, protreptic discourse uses a rhetoric of conversion that urges a young person to adopt a specific philosophy in order to live a good life. The author argues that the fourth-century philosophers used protreptic discourses to market philosophical practices and to define and legitimize a new cultural institution: the school of higher learning (the first in Western history). Specifically, the book investigates how competing educators in the fourth century produced protreptic discourses by borrowing and transforming traditional and contemporary "voices" in the cultural marketplace. They aimed to introduce and promote their new schools and define the new professionalized discipline of "philosophy." While scholars have typically examined the discourses and practices of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle in isolation from one another, this study rather combines philosophy, narratology, genre theory, and new historicism to focus on the discursive interaction between the three philosophers: each incorporates the discourse of his competitors into his protreptics. Appropriating and transforming the discourses of their competition, these intellectuals created literary texts that introduced their respective disciplines to potential students.


Pdf ebook: American Avant-Garde Cinema's Philosophy of the In-Between

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Summary: Can films philosophize rather than simply represent philosophical ideas developed outside of the cinematic medium? Taking up this crucial question for the

  • Author : Rebecca A. Sheehan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190949732
  • Genre: Performing Arts
  • Number of Pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Views: 760
  • Downloads: 760
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Description: Can films philosophize rather than simply represent philosophical ideas developed outside of the cinematic medium? Taking up this crucial question for the emergent field of film philosophy, American Avant-Garde Cinema's Philosophy of the In-Between argues that the films of the American avant-garde do in fact do philosophy and illuminates the ethical stakes of their aesthetic interventions. Author Rebecca A. Sheehan contends that American avant-garde cinema's characteristic self-reflexivity is an interrogation of the modes and stakes of our engagement with the world on and beyond the screen. The book demonstrates this with the theory of the in-between: a pervasive figure that helps clarify how avant-garde cinema's reflections on the creation of images construct an ethics of perception itself, a responsibility to perpetuate thought in an enduring re-encounter with the world and with meaning's unfinished production. The book is structured by a taxonomy of the multiple in-betweens evident in American avant-garde filmmaking. Rather than systematically seeking reproductions of particular philosophers' ideas in avant-garde films, Sheehan derives categories of analysis and the philosophical claims they disclose from close readings of the films themselves. This methodology opposes mapping preconfigured philosophical concepts and values onto these films, as too many philosophical approaches to cinema have done, silencing the philosophies uniquely articulated by these films in the interest of making them ventriloquize philosophies advanced elsewhere. The chapters of this book trace three modes of the in-between that function philosophically in American avant-garde cinema: the material, the dimensional, and the conceptual. Although the chapters are organized around discrete aesthetic and philosophical preoccupations that unify several filmmakers, these three presentations of the in-between cut through all the chapters, allowing the subjects of each to converse over the course of the book.


Pdf ebook: Studies in Arabic Philosophy

Pdf download ebook Studies in Arabic Philosophy

Summary: Nicholas Rescher presents ten essays that offer the thoughts of major Arabic philosophers in history and speak to their origins in Greek philosophy, as wel

  • Author : Nicholas Rescher
  • Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
  • ISBN: 0822975661
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 172
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1710
  • Downloads: 1710
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Description: Nicholas Rescher presents ten essays that offer the thoughts of major Arabic philosophers in history and speak to their origins in Greek philosophy, as well as the subsequent influence of Arabic philosophy on the West. Much of the material is presented for the first time in print. Topics include: the concentric structure of the universe; the concept of existence; the Theory of Temporal Modalities; the Platonic Solids; and several essays on logic.


Pdf ebook: This Is Philosophy

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Summary: The new edition of the clearest and most readable introduction to the questions, problems, and great thinkers of Western analytic philosophy Philosophy inv

  • Author : Steven D. Hales
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119635543
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1564
  • Downloads: 1564
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Description: The new edition of the clearest and most readable introduction to the questions, problems, and great thinkers of Western analytic philosophy Philosophy invented systematic ethics, formal logic, and the scientific method. It created the Enlightenment and laid the foundations for constitutional governments. Philosophy has given birth to economics, psychology, and cognitive science. We are the oldest, most central discipline in the academy, and we are responsible for modernity. This is Philosophy: An Introduction expertly guides the student into this powerhouse of thought, giving them a solid grounding across a wide variety of key topics in philosophy. Assuming no prior knowledge of the subject, this volume brings philosophical concepts to life with clear, informal language, relatable examples, and easy-to-understand explanations of classic themes and arguments. The second edition of this popular textbook features updated examples, improved narrative, new hyperlinks and references, enhanced bibliographies, and more. A brand-new chapter on political philosophy explores the state of nature, anarchy, contractarianism, libertarianism, and the liberal state. With a topical structure allowing each self-contained chapter to be tackled independently, the book gives students both the tools of an analytic philosopher, and a sense of which fields of philosophy they could pursue further, aided by detailed bibliographies and further reading. Each chapter is complemented by a wealth of online resources for instructors on the This is Philosophy series site that encourage further reading and strengthen student comprehension of key concepts. Building on the popular first edition, and part of an innovative and acclaimed series, This is Philosophy: An Introduction, Second Edition is the perfect primary textbook for beginning philosophy students as well as general readers with interest in learning the fundamentals of the subject.


Pdf ebook: The Problems of Philosophy

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Summary: One of his great works, and a must-read for any student of philosophy, The Problems of Philosophy was written in 1912 as an introduction to Russell's thoug

  • Author : Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
  • ISBN: 1616403705
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 128
  • Language: English
  • Views: 700
  • Downloads: 700
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Description: One of his great works, and a must-read for any student of philosophy, The Problems of Philosophy was written in 1912 as an introduction to Russell's thought.As an empiricist, Russell starts at the beginning with this question: Is there any knowledge in the world that is so certain that no reasonable man could doubt it? This, according to Russell, is where the work of philosophy begins. He covers topics such as reality, the nature of matter, inductive reasoning, truth, and the limits of philosophical knowledge.As one of the greatest minds in Western philosophy, Russell's thoughts are profoundly informative and provocative and suitable for anyone wishing to expand his mind.British philosopher and mathematician BERTRAND ARTHUR WILLIAM RUSSELL (1872-1970) won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950. Among his many works are Why I Am Not a Christian (1927), Power: A New Social Analysis (1938), and My Philosophical Development (1959).


Pdf ebook: Philosophy and Modern Liberal Arts Education

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Summary: This book argues for a modern version of liberal arts education, exploring first principles within the divine comedy of educational logic. By reforming the

  • Author : N. Tubbs
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137358920
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 204
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1553
  • Downloads: 1553
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Description: This book argues for a modern version of liberal arts education, exploring first principles within the divine comedy of educational logic. By reforming the three philosophies of metaphysics, nature and ethics upon which liberal arts education is based, Tubbs offers a profound transatlantic philosophical and educational challenge to the subject.


Pdf ebook: Reconfigurations of Philosophy of Religion

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Summary: Explores the place and meaning of philosophy of religion in our current poststructuralist, postsecular, postcolonialist context. This collection addresses,

  • Author : Jim Kanaris
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 1438469101
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 318
  • Language: English
  • Views: 815
  • Downloads: 815
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Description: Explores the place and meaning of philosophy of religion in our current poststructuralist, postsecular, postcolonialist context. This collection addresses, as it exemplifies, an identity crisis in contemporary philosophy of religion. It represents a unique two-way dialogue between philosophers of religion and scholars of religion and broaches issues pertaining to the philosophy of religion and the philosophical tradition, on the one hand, and religious studies, theology, and the modern academy on the other. While each author manages the current challenges in philosophy of religion differently, one can nonetheless discern a polyphony of interests surrounding a postcritical, postsecular appreciation of religion. In part 1, contributors ask how philosophy of religion can accommodate both the strengths and weaknesses of Western analytic and continental traditions; incorporate developments in ideology critique, gender studies, and Asian philosophies; and negotiate the perceived stalemate in philosophy of religion. Part 2 addresses these questions in terms of a philosophy of religion that is postcolonial in intention and multidisciplinary in orientation and features scholarship from the fields of both religion and theology. An underlying theme is the importance of ushering philosophy of religion into a postphenomenological era of religious studies and theology. This is a neglected dimension in many laudable discussions about philosophy of religion that this volume hopes to emend. “This gathering of important voices and the differences of approach and opinion that they represent invites/provokes reflection, self-examination by philosophers of religion, and further work.” — Jeffrey Dudiak, author of The Intrigue of Ethics: A Reading of the Idea of Discourse in the Thought of Emmanuel Levinas


Pdf ebook: Self-Confidence

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Summary: Inspired by great figures from Emerson and Nietzsche to Madonna and Serena Williams, this engaging philosophical essay explores the workings of self-confid

  • Author : Charles Pépin
  • Publisher: Other Press, LLC
  • ISBN: 1590510941
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 224
  • Language: English
  • Views: 477
  • Downloads: 477
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Description: Inspired by great figures from Emerson and Nietzsche to Madonna and Serena Williams, this engaging philosophical essay explores the workings of self-confidence and how to develop it. Where does self-confidence come from? How does it work? What makes it stronger or weaker? Why are some people more confident than others? Is it only a question of temperament or the result of conscious self-improvement? How do you get closer to those who stand out thanks entirely to their confidence in themselves? Drawing on philosophical texts, ancient wisdom, positive psychology, and a wide range of case studies that feature famous thinkers, artists, and athletes, but also unsung heroes such as a fighter pilot and an urgent-care doctor, Charles Pépin brings to light the strange alchemy that is self-confidence. In doing so, he gives us the keys to having more confidence in ourselves.


Pdf ebook: The New Philosophy and Universal Languages in Seventeenth-century England

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Summary: Robert E. Stillman's book is an effort to restore the neglected history of those new philosophies of seventeenth-century England that sought to align thems

  • Author : Robert E. Stillman
  • Publisher: Bucknell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780838753101
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Number of Pages: 359
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1242
  • Downloads: 1242
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Description: Robert E. Stillman's book is an effort to restore the neglected history of those new philosophies of seventeenth-century England that sought to align themselves not with radical ideologies, but with the conservative interests of centralizing state power. Against the background of England's universal language movement, his study traces the development of three distinguishable philosophical projects, organized upon three distinguishable theories of language. In all three, a more perfect language comprises both a model and a means for achieving a more perfect philosophy, and that philosophy, in turn, a vehicle for promoting political authority in the state. Those three projects are the new philosophies of Lord Chancellor Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, and Bishop John Wilkins, all of which can be usefully understood in the broader context of the century's cultural politics and in the more specific circumstances of the century's fascination with the construction of a universal language. Bacon, Hobbes, and Wilkins construct philosophies out of deeply held convictions about the need to provide a saving form of knowledge to remedy cultural crises. That saving form of knowledge, as it develops in the lines of linguistic thought that extend from Bacon's Instauration to Wilkins's Philosophical Language, is both a product of and one potent agent in producing the emerging, scientistically designed, modern state.


Pdf ebook: Story of Philosophy

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Summary: A brilliant and concise account of the lives and ideas of the great philosophers—Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, Spinoza, Voltaire, Kant, Schopenhauer, Spencer,

  • Author : Will Durant
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1476702608
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 432
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1011
  • Downloads: 1011
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Description: A brilliant and concise account of the lives and ideas of the great philosophers—Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, Spinoza, Voltaire, Kant, Schopenhauer, Spencer, Nietzsche, Bergson, Croce, Russell, Santayana, James, and Dewey—The Story of Philosophy is one of the great books of our time. Few write for the non-specialist as well as Will Durant, and this book is a splendid example of his eminently readable scholarship. Durant’s insight and wit never cease to dazzle; The Story of Philosophy is a key book for any reader who wishes to survey the history and development of philosophical ideas in the Western world.


Pdf ebook: Philosophy 101

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Summary: Discover the world's greatest thinkers and their groundbreaking notions! Too often, textbooks turn the noteworthy theories, principles, and figures of phil

  • Author : Paul Kleinman
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1440567689
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Views: 392
  • Downloads: 392
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Description: Discover the world's greatest thinkers and their groundbreaking notions! Too often, textbooks turn the noteworthy theories, principles, and figures of philosophy into tedious discourse that even Plato would reject. Philosophy 101 cuts out the boring details and exhausting philosophical methodology, and instead, gives you a lesson in philosophy that keeps you engaged as you explore the fascinating history of human thought and inquisition. From Aristotle and Heidegger to free will and metaphysics, Philosophy 101 is packed with hundreds of entertaining philosophical tidbits, illustrations, and thought puzzles that you won't be able to find anywhere else. So whether you're looking to unravel the mysteries of existentialism, or just want to find out what made Voltaire tick, Philosophy 101 has all the answers--even the ones you didn't know you were looking for.