Pdf ebook: The Chinese Communist Party in Reform

Pdf download ebook The Chinese Communist Party in Reform

Summary: Contrary to the expectations of many people, China's recent economic growth has not led to the collapse of the Chinese Communist Party. In fact, the Party

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113418896X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 280
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1810
  • Downloads: 1810
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Description: Contrary to the expectations of many people, China's recent economic growth has not led to the collapse of the Chinese Communist Party. In fact, the Party has recently carried out a peaceful and orderly transition to the so-called fourth generation of leadership, has revitalised itself, and created a new, younger and better trained cadre corps. Despite this successful transformation, there continue to be many problems that the Party will need to overcome if it is to remain in power, including pressures for democratization in both urban and rural areas, widespread corruption, the emergence of new social groups, and increasing dissatisfaction among workers who seem to be losing out in the present transition process. The Chinese Communist Party in Reform explores the current state of the Chinese Communist Party and the many challenges that it faces. It considers the dynamics of development in China, the Party organization, recruitment and management, and the Party's role in society more widely. It concludes by examining the prospects for the future of the Party, including whether it will continue to be able to accommodate socio-economic changes within China and pressures from abroad, and the likely nature of its evolution. Overall, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the internal dynamics of the Chinese Communist Party and its role in Chinese society.


Pdf ebook: The Party Decides

Pdf download ebook The Party Decides

Summary: Throughout the contest for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination, politicians and voters alike worried that the outcome might depend on the preferenc

  • Author : Marty Cohen,David Karol,Hans Noel,John Zaller
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226112381
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Views: 475
  • Downloads: 475
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Description: Throughout the contest for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination, politicians and voters alike worried that the outcome might depend on the preferences of unelected superdelegates. This concern threw into relief the prevailing notion that—such unusually competitive cases notwithstanding—people, rather than parties, should and do control presidential nominations. But for the past several decades, The Party Decides shows, unelected insiders in both major parties have effectively selected candidates long before citizens reached the ballot box. Tracing the evolution of presidential nominations since the 1790s, this volume demonstrates how party insiders have sought since America’s founding to control nominations as a means of getting what they want from government. Contrary to the common view that the party reforms of the 1970s gave voters more power, the authors contend that the most consequential contests remain the candidates’ fights for prominent endorsements and the support of various interest groups and state party leaders. These invisible primaries produce frontrunners long before most voters start paying attention, profoundly influencing final election outcomes and investing parties with far more nominating power than is generally recognized.


Pdf ebook: Rethinking Party Reform

Pdf download ebook Rethinking Party Reform

Summary: The functioning of representative democracy crucially depends on political parties that mediate between citizens and the state. It is widely doubted, howev

  • Author : Fabio Wolkenstein
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192589849
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 208
  • Language: English
  • Views: 704
  • Downloads: 704
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Description: The functioning of representative democracy crucially depends on political parties that mediate between citizens and the state. It is widely doubted, however, that contemporary parties can still perform this connective role. Taking seriously the ensuing challenges for representative democracy, Rethinking Party Reform advances a normative account of party reform, drawing on both democratic theory and political science scholarship on parties. Moving beyond purely descriptive or causal-analytical perspectives on party reform, the book clarifies on theoretical grounds why party reform is centrally important for the sustainability of established democracies, and what effective party reforms could look like in an age where most citizens look to parties with scepticism and distrust. In doing so, this book underlines in distinctive fashion why scholars and citizens should care about re-inventing and transforming political parties, resisting widespread tendencies of either declaring parties unreformable or theorising them out of the picture.


Pdf ebook: Quiet Revolution

Pdf download ebook Quiet Revolution

Summary: This is the story of a revolution without fanfare, a hidden struggle for party reform that produced a new era in national politics. From this struggle emer

  • Author : Byron E. Shafer
  • Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
  • ISBN: 1610446895
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 628
  • Language: English
  • Views: 705
  • Downloads: 705
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Description: This is the story of a revolution without fanfare, a hidden struggle for party reform that produced a new era in national politics. From this struggle emerged the greatest deliberately planned and centrally imposed change in the mechanics of delegate selection, and hence presidential nomination, in all of American history. The success of this revolution heralded the arrival of new political coalitions that would alter the very character of presidential politics, from campaign organization to grass-roots participation. The battle for reform raged within the Democratic party from 1968 to 1972, although it would quickly affect the Republican party as well. It was intense, intricate—and nearly invisible. Yet its chronicle is essential background for political practitioners, professional commentators, and interested citizens alike. And it is the basis for understanding the subsequent course of national politics and the current shape of presidential politics. Quiet Revolution provides the first definitive account of this struggle for reform, an account that is at once modern political history and an illuminating analysis of contemporary American politics. Based on candid interviews with numerous key participants and on extensive archival material, this compelling narrative offers the fascination of political maneuvers closely observed, the drama of momentous events unfolding, and the challenge of a new politics newly interpreted.


Pdf ebook: The Divided Democrats

Pdf download ebook The Divided Democrats

Summary: Why have the Democrats lost five of the last seven presidential elections, even though polls consistently show that more Americans identify with that party

  • Author : William G. Mayer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429972504
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 236
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1770
  • Downloads: 1770
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Description: Why have the Democrats lost five of the last seven presidential elections, even though polls consistently show that more Americans identify with that party than with the Republican party? And why are Democratic presidential nomination races usually so much more bitter and fractious than those held by the Republicans?The answer, argues William Mayer, lies in an important but too often ignored feature of American politics: The Democrats are a more ideologically diverse, less cohesive party than the Republicans and thus have greater difficulty maintaining party unity. After extensively documenting the Democrats' traditional problems of division and disagreement, Mayer presents evidence suggesting that in recent years the Republican advantage over the Democrats has finally started to narrow,raising important questions about the future of the Republican coalition.


Pdf ebook: Party Reform

Pdf download ebook Party Reform

Summary: Party Reform is a new comparative study of the politics of party organization. The book provides a novel perspective in party scholarship and develops the

  • Author : Anika Gauja
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191026697
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 224
  • Language: English
  • Views: 931
  • Downloads: 931
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Description: Party Reform is a new comparative study of the politics of party organization. The book provides a novel perspective in party scholarship and develops the concept of 'reform' as distinct from evolutionary and incremental processes of party change. As an outcome, reform is captured in deliberate and often very public changes to parties' organizational rules and processes. As a process, it offers a party the opportunity to 're-brand' and publicly alter its image, to emphasize certain strategic priorities over others, and to alter relationships of power within the party. Analyzing the last ten years of party reform across a handful of established democracies including Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada and Germany, the book examines what motivates political parties to undertake organizational reforms and how they go about this process. Party Reform reveals how parties' perceptions of the social trends in which they operate shape reform agendas, and how this relates to competitive demands and pressures from within the party for organizational change. In addition to the motivations for reform, the book is equally concerned with the process of reform. The book demonstrates that declining party memberships have had a fundamental effect on the way in which political parties 'sell' organizational reform: as part of a broader rhetoric of democratization, of re-engagement, and of modernization delivered to diverse audiences - both internal and external to the party. The chapters focus particularly on four key reform initiatives that begin to blur the traditional boundaries of party: the introduction of primaries, the changing meaning of party membership, issues-based online policy development, and community organizing campaigns. Using these cutting-edge developments as primary examples, this book provides a framework for understanding why, and how, reforms occur, and what the consequences might be - in terms of how we think about modern political parties as vehicles for participation and representation. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Université libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Müller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, Chair of the Department of Political Science, University of Houston.


Pdf ebook: Rethinking Party Reform

Pdf download ebook Rethinking Party Reform

Summary: The functioning of representative democracy crucially depends on political parties that mediate between citizens and the state. It is widely doubted, howev

  • Author : Fabio Wolkenstein
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192589830
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 208
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1909
  • Downloads: 1909
  • GET BOOK

Description: The functioning of representative democracy crucially depends on political parties that mediate between citizens and the state. It is widely doubted, however, that contemporary parties can still perform this connective role. Taking seriously the ensuing challenges for representative democracy, Rethinking Party Reform advances a normative account of party reform, drawing on both democratic theory and political science scholarship on parties. Moving beyond purely descriptive or causal-analytical perspectives on party reform, the book clarifies on theoretical grounds why party reform is centrally important for the sustainability of established democracies, and what effective party reforms could look like in an age where most citizens look to parties with scepticism and distrust. In doing so, this book underlines in distinctive fashion why scholars and citizens should care about re-inventing and transforming political parties, resisting widespread tendencies of either declaring parties unreformable or theorising them out of the picture.


Pdf ebook: Social Conservatives and Party Politics in Canada and the United States

Pdf download ebook Social Conservatives and Party Politics in Canada and the United States

Summary: The strength of the Tea Party and Religious Right in the United States, alongside the Harper Conservatives’ stance on same-sex marriage and religious fre

  • Author : James Farney
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442699620
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 208
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1127
  • Downloads: 1127
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Description: The strength of the Tea Party and Religious Right in the United States, alongside the Harper Conservatives’ stance on same-sex marriage and religious freedom in Canada, has many asking whether social conservatism has come to define the right wing of North American politics. In this timely and penetrating book, James Farney provides the first full-length comparison of social conservatism in Canada and the United States from the sexual revolution to the present day. Based on archival research and extensive interviews, it traces the historic relationship between social conservatives and other right-wing groups. Farney illuminates why the American Republican Party was quicker to accept social conservatives as legitimate and valuable allies than the Conservative Party of Canada. This book will be indispensable for understanding why a movement so powerful amongst American conservatives has been distinctively less important in Canada and how the character of Canadian conservatism means it will likely remain so.


Pdf ebook: The Chinese Communist Party's Nomenklatura System

Pdf download ebook The Chinese Communist Party's Nomenklatura System

Summary: The term “nomenklatura’’ means “nomenclature,’’ “a list of positions, arranged in order of seniority, including a description of the duties o

  • Author : John P. Burns
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317457994
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 214
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1674
  • Downloads: 1674
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Description: The term “nomenklatura’’ means “nomenclature,’’ “a list of positions, arranged in order of seniority, including a description of the duties of each office. Perhaps the major instrument of Communist Party control of contemporary China’s political, economic, social, and cultural institutions is the nomenklatura system. The system consists of lists of leading positions, over which party units exercise the power to make appointments and dismissals; lists of reserves or candidates for these positions; and institutions and processes for making the appropriate personnel changes. China’s nomenklatura system has evolved to suit the needs of party leaders to control the state, develop the economy, and ensure that party policies are carried out throughout society.


Pdf ebook: Building Inclusive Democracies In Asean

Pdf download ebook Building Inclusive Democracies In Asean

Summary: Containing the latest research and insights of academics and development practitioners pursuing political and economic reforms in the ASEAN region, Buildin

  • Author : Mendoza Ronald U,Teehankee Julio C,Beja Jr Edsel L,La Vina Antonio G M,Villamejor-mendoza Maria Fe
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9813236507
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 452
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1242
  • Downloads: 1242
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Description: Containing the latest research and insights of academics and development practitioners pursuing political and economic reforms in the ASEAN region, Building Inclusive Democracies in ASEAN recognizes that a well-functioning democracy is part of what ultimately fosters inclusive growth and development. Inequitable access to democratic processes and mechanisms produce government policies and initiatives that are inconsistent with the needs of the majority.The chapters include empirical research on the symptoms and effects of traditional patron-client politics, experiences, insights, analyses, and policy recommendations, as well as reflections, on reform efforts along the lines of citizens' participation, transparency, and evidence-based policymaking.


Pdf ebook: Perestroika and the Party

Pdf download ebook Perestroika and the Party

Summary: Countless studies have assessed the dramatic reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev, but their analysis of the impact on European communism has focused overwhelmingl

  • Author : Francesco Di Palma
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1789200210
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 348
  • Language: English
  • Views: 957
  • Downloads: 957
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Description: Countless studies have assessed the dramatic reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev, but their analysis of the impact on European communism has focused overwhelmingly on the Soviet Union and Eastern bloc nations. This ambitious collection takes a much broader view, reconstructing and evaluating the historical trajectories of glasnost and perestroika on both sides of the Iron Curtain. Moving beyond domestic politics and foreign relations narrowly defined, the research gathered here constitutes a transnational survey of these reforms’ collective impact, showing how they were variably received and implemented, and how they shaped the prospects for “proletarian internationalism” in diverse political contexts.


Pdf ebook: Dark Money

Pdf download ebook Dark Money

Summary: NATIONAL BESTSELLER ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR Who are the immensely wealthy right-wing ideologues shaping the fate of America tod

  • Author : Jane Mayer
  • Publisher: Anchor
  • ISBN: 0385535600
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 464
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1062
  • Downloads: 1062
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Description: NATIONAL BESTSELLER ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR Who are the immensely wealthy right-wing ideologues shaping the fate of America today? From the bestselling author of The Dark Side, an electrifying work of investigative journalism that uncovers the agenda of this powerful group. In her new preface, Jane Mayer discusses the results of the most recent election and Donald Trump's victory, and how, despite much discussion to the contrary, this was a huge victory for the billionaires who have been pouring money in the American political system. Why is America living in an age of profound and widening economic inequality? Why have even modest attempts to address climate change been defeated again and again? Why do hedge-fund billionaires pay a far lower tax rate than middle-class workers? In a riveting and indelible feat of reporting, Jane Mayer illuminates the history of an elite cadre of plutocrats—headed by the Kochs, the Scaifes, the Olins, and the Bradleys—who have bankrolled a systematic plan to fundamentally alter the American political system. Mayer traces a byzantine trail of billions of dollars spent by the network, revealing a staggering conglomeration of think tanks, academic institutions, media groups, courthouses, and government allies that have fallen under their sphere of influence. Drawing from hundreds of exclusive interviews, as well as extensive scrutiny of public records, private papers, and court proceedings, Mayer provides vivid portraits of the secretive figures behind the new American oligarchy and a searing look at the carefully concealed agendas steering the nation. Dark Money is an essential book for anyone who cares about the future of American democracy. National Book Critics Circle Award Finalist LA Times Book Prize Finalist PEN/Jean Stein Book Award Finalist Shortlisted for the Lukas Prize


Pdf ebook: The Austrian Party System

Pdf download ebook The Austrian Party System

Summary: First published in 1989. Political science in Austria is a relatively young discipline. It began to gradually establish itself in the 60's and only as rece

  • Author : Anton Pelinka,Fritz Plasser
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000242900
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 458
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1611
  • Downloads: 1611
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Description: First published in 1989. Political science in Austria is a relatively young discipline. It began to gradually establish itself in the 60's and only as recently as 1971 was it anchored in the curriculum of Austrian universities as a separate field of study. With the present book in English the editors hope to stimulate the interest of international social scientists in Austria, to overcome language barriers, and to make the topical problems and developments of Austrian democracy accessible to an international reading public. The book is intended to reflect the current state of a discipline-political science. However, it is also to be a contribution to the further development of this discipline. It should stimulate further, intensive and critical occupation with the theme "parties and the party system in Austria."


Pdf ebook: Parties and Leaders in the Postreform House

Pdf download ebook Parties and Leaders in the Postreform House

Summary: Since the Second World War, congressional parties have been characterized as declining in strength and influence. Research has generally attributed this de

  • Author : David W. Rohde
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226724050
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 239
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1210
  • Downloads: 1210
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Description: Since the Second World War, congressional parties have been characterized as declining in strength and influence. Research has generally attributed this decline to policy conflicts within parties, to growing electoral independence of members, and to the impact of the congressional reforms of the 1970s. Yet the 1980s witnessed a strong resurgence of parties and party leadership—especially in the House of Representatives. Offering a concise and compelling explanation of the causes of this resurgence, David W. Rohde argues that a realignment of electoral forces led to a reduction of sectional divisions within the parties—particularly between the northern and southern Democrats—and to increased divergence between the parties on many important issues. He challenges previous findings by asserting that congressional reform contributed to, rather than restrained, the increase of partisanship. Among the Democrats, reforms siphoned power away from conservative and autocratic committee chairs and put control of those committees in the hands of Democratic committee caucuses, strengthening party leaders and making both party and committee leaders responsible to rank-and-file Democrats. Electoral changes increased the homogeneity of House Democrats while institutional reforms reduced the influence of dissident members on a consensus in the majority party. Rohde's accessible analysis provides a detailed discussion of the goals of the congressional reformers, the increased consensus among Democrats and its reinforcement by their caucus, the Democratic leadership's use of expanded powers to shape the legislative agenda, and the responses of House Republicans. He also addresses the changes in the relationship between the House majority and the president during the Carter and Reagan administrations and analyzes the legislative consequences of the partisan resurgence. A readable, systematic synthesis of the many complex factors that fueled the recent resurgence of partisanship, Parties and Leaders in the Postreform House is ideal for course use.


Pdf ebook: The Politics of Party Leadership

Pdf download ebook The Politics of Party Leadership

Summary: Making use of a unique data set that includes more than 1000 leadership elections from over 100 parties in 14 countries over an almost 50 year period, this

  • Author : William Cross,Jean-Benoit Pilet
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191065811
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 200
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1477
  • Downloads: 1477
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Description: Making use of a unique data set that includes more than 1000 leadership elections from over 100 parties in 14 countries over an almost 50 year period, this volume provides the first comprehensive, comparative examination of how parties choose their leaders and the impact of the different decisions they make in this regard. Among the issues examined are how leaders are chosen, the factors that result in parties changing their selection rules, how the rules affect the competitiveness of leadership elections, the types of leaders chosen, the impact of leadership transition on electoral outcomes, the factors affecting the length of leadership tenures, and how leadership tenures come to an end. This volume is situated in the literature on intra-party decision making and party organizational reform and makes unique and important contributions to our understanding of these areas. The analysis includes parties in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Norway, and the United Kingdom. Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu.


Pdf ebook: Should We Change How We Vote?

Pdf download ebook Should We Change How We Vote?

Summary: During the 2015 federal election, the Liberal Party pledged that, if elected, they would end the “first past the post” electoral system, where whicheve

  • Author : Andrew Potter,Daniel M. Weinstock,Peter Loewen
  • Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
  • ISBN: 0773550836
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1132
  • Downloads: 1132
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Description: During the 2015 federal election, the Liberal Party pledged that, if elected, they would end the “first past the post” electoral system, where whichever candidate receives the most votes wins a riding even if they have not received a majority of all votes cast. In early 2017, the Liberals reneged on their campaign promise, declaring that there was a lack of public consensus about how to reform the system. Despite the broken promise – and because of the public outcry – discussions about electoral reform will continue around the country. Challenging the idea that first past the post is obsolete, Should We Change How We Vote? urges Canadians to make sure they understand their electoral system before making drastic changes to it. The contributors to this volume assert that there is perhaps no institution more misunderstood and misrepresented than the Canadian electoral system – praised by some for ensuring broad regional representation in Ottawa, but criticized by others for allowing political parties with less than half the popular vote to assume more than half the seats in Parliament. They consider not only how the system works, but also its flaws and its advantages, and whether or not electoral reform is legitimate without a referendum. An essential guide to the crucial and ongoing debate about the country’s future, Should We Change How We Vote? asks if there are alternative reforms that would be easier to implement than a complete overhaul of the electoral system.


Pdf ebook: The Chinese State in the Era of Economic Reform : the Road to Crisis: Asia and the Pacific

Pdf download ebook The Chinese State in the Era of Economic Reform : the Road to Crisis: Asia and the Pacific

Summary: Presents ten tales featuring Lord Bau, a wise judge who was a champion of righteousness and protector of the weak against the powerful.

  • Author : Jay D White
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315488159
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: 345
  • Language: English
  • Views: 612
  • Downloads: 612
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Description: Presents ten tales featuring Lord Bau, a wise judge who was a champion of righteousness and protector of the weak against the powerful.


Pdf ebook: Dynamics of the Party System

Pdf download ebook Dynamics of the Party System

Summary: Since the original edition of Dynamics of the Party System was published in 1973, American politics have continued on a tumultuous course. In the vacuum le

  • Author : James L. Sundquist
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 9780815723189
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 466
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1366
  • Downloads: 1366
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Description: Since the original edition of Dynamics of the Party System was published in 1973, American politics have continued on a tumultuous course. In the vacuum left by the decline of the Democratic and Republican parties, single-interest groups have risen and flourished. Protest movements on the left and the New Right at the opposite pole have challenged and divided the major parties, and the Reagan Revolution--in reversing a fifty-year trend toward governmental expansion--may turn out to have revolutionized the party system too. In this edition, as in the first, current political trends and events are placed in a historical and theoretical context. Focusing upon three major realignments of the past--those of the 1850s, the 1890s, and the 1930s--Sundquist traces the processes by which basic transformations of the country's two-party system occur. From the historical case studies, he fashions a theory as to the why and how of party realignment, then applies it to current and recent developments, through the first two years of the Reagan presidency and the midterm election of 1982. The theoretical sections of the first edition are refined in this one, the historical sections are revised to take account of recent scholarship, and the chapters dealing with the postwar period are almost wholly rewritten. The conclusion of the original work is, in general, confirmed: the existing party system is likely to be strengthened as public attention is again riveted on domestic economic issues, and the headlong trend of recent decades toward political independence and party disintegration reversed, at least for a time.


Pdf ebook: The Inevitable Party

Pdf download ebook The Inevitable Party

Summary: Seth Masket's The Inevitable Party is a study of anti-party reforms and why they fail. Numerous reform movements over the past century have designated part

  • Author : Seth Masket
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190630531
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 208
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1350
  • Downloads: 1350
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Description: Seth Masket's The Inevitable Party is a study of anti-party reforms and why they fail. Numerous reform movements over the past century have designated parties as the enemy of democracy, and they have found a willing ally in the American people in their efforts to rein in and occasionally root out parties. Masket investigates several of these anti-party reform efforts - from open primaries to campaign finance restrictions to nonpartisan legislatures - using legislative roll call votes, campaign donations patterns, and extensive interviews with local political elites. These cases each demonstrate parties adapting to, and sometimes thriving amidst, reforms designed to weaken or destroy them. The reason for these reforms' failures, the book argues, is that they proceed from an incorrect conception of just what a party is. Parties are not rigid structures that can be wished or legislated away; they are networks of creative and adaptive policy demanders who use their influence to determine just what sorts of people get nominated for office. Even while these reforms tend to fail, however, they impose considerable costs on society, usually reducing transparency and accountability in politics and government.


Pdf ebook: Revolution, Reform and Regionalism in Southeast Asia

Pdf download ebook Revolution, Reform and Regionalism in Southeast Asia

Summary: Based on research carried out over the three decades, this book compares the post-war political economies of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam in the context of t

  • Author : Ronald Bruce St John
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134003463
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 272
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1967
  • Downloads: 1967
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Description: Based on research carried out over the three decades, this book compares the post-war political economies of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam in the context of their individual and collective impact on contemporary efforts at regional integration. The author highlights the different paths to reform taken by the three neighbours and the effect this has had on regional plans for economic development through the ASEAN and the Greater Mekong Subregion. Through its comparative analysis of the reforms implemented by Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam over the last thirty years, the book draws attention to parallel themes of continuity and change. The author discusses how the three states have demonstrated related characteristics whilst at the same time making different modifications in order to exploit the unique strengths of their individual cultures. Contributing to the contemporary debate over the role of democratic reform in promoting economic development, the book provides a detailed account of the political economies of three states at the heart of Southeast Asia.