Pdf ebook: Inventing the Feeble Mind

Pdf download ebook Inventing the Feeble Mind

Summary: Pity, disgust, fear, cure, and prevention--all are words that Americans have used to make sense of what today we call intellectual disability. Inventing th

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199396205
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 384
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1120
  • Downloads: 1120
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Description: Pity, disgust, fear, cure, and prevention--all are words that Americans have used to make sense of what today we call intellectual disability. Inventing the Feeble Mind explores the history of this disability from its several identifications over the past 200 years: idiocy, imbecility, feeblemindedness, mental defect, mental deficiency, mental retardation, and most recently intellectual disability. Using institutional records, private correspondence, personal memories, and rare photographs, James Trent argues that the economic vulnerability of intellectually disabled people (and often their families), more than the claims made for their intellectual and social limitations, has shaped meaning, services, and policies in United States history.


Pdf ebook: Disability Studies and the Environmental Humanities

Pdf download ebook Disability Studies and the Environmental Humanities

Summary: Although scholars in the environmental humanities have been exploring the dichotomy between "wild" and "built" environments for several years, few have foc

  • Author : Sarah Jaquette Ray,Jay Sibara
  • Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
  • ISBN: 1496201671
  • Genre: Nature
  • Number of Pages: 648
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1765
  • Downloads: 1765
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Description: Although scholars in the environmental humanities have been exploring the dichotomy between "wild" and "built" environments for several years, few have focused on the field of disability studies, a discipline that enlists the contingency between environments and bodies as a foundation of its scholarship. On the other hand, scholars in disability studies have demonstrated the ways in which the built environment privileges some bodies and minds over others, yet they have rarely examined the ways in which toxic environments engender chronic illness and disability or how environmental illnesses disrupt dominant paradigms for scrutinizing "disability." Designed as a reader for undergraduate and graduate courses, Disability Studies and the Environmental Humanities employs interdisciplinary perspectives to examine such issues as slow violence, imperialism, race, toxicity, eco-sickness, the body in environmental justice, ableism, and other topics. With a historical scope spanning the seventeenth century to the present, this collection not only presents the foundational documents informing this intersection of fields but also showcases the most current work, making it an indispensable reference.


Pdf ebook: Phallacies

Pdf download ebook Phallacies

Summary: Phallacies: Historical Intersections of Disability and Masculinity is a collection of essays that focuses on disabled men who negotiate their masculinity a

  • Author : Kathleen M. Brian,James W. Trent, Jr.
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019045900X
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1829
  • Downloads: 1829
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Description: Phallacies: Historical Intersections of Disability and Masculinity is a collection of essays that focuses on disabled men who negotiate their masculinity as well as their disability. The chapters cover a broad range of topics: institutional structures that define what it means to be a man with a disability; the place of women in situations where masculinity and disability are constructed; men with physical and war-related disabilities; male hysteria, suicide clubs, and mercy killing; male disability in literature and popular culture; and more. All the authors regard masculinity and disability in the historical contexts of the Americas and Western Europe, with particular attention to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Taken together, the essays in this volume offer a nuanced portrait of the complex, and at times competing, interactions between masculinity and disability.


Pdf ebook: Downs

Pdf download ebook Downs

Summary: For 150 years, Down's Syndrome has constituted the archetypal mental disability, easily recognisable by distinct facial anomalies and physical stigmata. In

  • Author : David Wright
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191619787
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 629
  • Downloads: 629
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Description: For 150 years, Down's Syndrome has constituted the archetypal mental disability, easily recognisable by distinct facial anomalies and physical stigmata. In a narrow medical sense, Down's syndrome is a common disorder caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome. It is named after John Langdon Down, the British asylum medical superintendent who described the syndrome as Mongolism in a series of lectures in 1866. In 1959, the disorder was identified as a chromosome 21 trisomy by the French paediatrician and geneticist Jérôme Lejeune and has since been known as Down's Syndrome (in the English-speaking world) or Trisomy 21 (in many European countries). But children and adults born with this chromosomal abnormality have an important collective history beyond their evident importance to the history of medical science. David Wright, a Professor in the History of Medicine at McMaster University, looks at the care and treatment of Down's sufferers - described for much of history as 'idiots', - from Medieval Europe to the present day. The discovery of the genetic basis of the condition and the profound changes in attitudes, care, and early identification of Down's in the genetic era, reflects the fascinating medical and social history of the disorder.


Pdf ebook: Inventing the Future

Pdf download ebook Inventing the Future

Summary: A major new manifesto for the end of capitalism Neoliberalism isn’t working. Austerity is forcing millions into poverty and many more into precarious wor

  • Author : Nick Srnicek,Alex Williams
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1784780987
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 839
  • Downloads: 839
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Description: A major new manifesto for the end of capitalism Neoliberalism isn’t working. Austerity is forcing millions into poverty and many more into precarious work, while the left remains trapped in stagnant political practices that offer no respite. Inventing the Future is a bold new manifesto for life after capitalism. Against the confused understanding of our high-tech world by both the right and the left, this book claims that the emancipatory and future-oriented possibilities of our society can be reclaimed. Instead of running from a complex future, Nick Srnicek and Alex Williams demand a postcapitalist economy capable of advancing standards, liberating humanity from work and developing technologies that expand our freedoms. This new edition includes a new chapter where they respond to their various critics.


Pdf ebook: The Psychology of Socialism

Pdf download ebook The Psychology of Socialism

Summary: First published in 1899 during a period of crisis for French democracy, The Psychology of Socialism details Le Bon's view of socialism and radicalism prima

  • Author : Gustave Le Bon
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351475894
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 466
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1108
  • Downloads: 1108
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Description: First published in 1899 during a period of crisis for French democracy, The Psychology of Socialism details Le Bon's view of socialism and radicalism primarily as religious movements. The emotionalism and hysteria of the period-especially as manifested during the Dreyfuss Affair-convinced Le Bon that most political controversy is based neither on reasoned deliberation nor rational interest, but on a psychology that partakes of contatgion andhysteria. Le Bon points to the irrationality of religion and uses the religiosity of socialism to debunk socialism as an irrational movement based on hatred and jealousy.


Pdf ebook: Sophie's World

Pdf download ebook Sophie's World

Summary: One day Sophie comes home from school to find two questions in her mail: "Who are you?" and "Where does the world come from?" Before she knows it she is en

  • Author : Jostein Gaarder
  • Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • ISBN: 1466804270
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 544
  • Language: English
  • Views: 447
  • Downloads: 447
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Description: One day Sophie comes home from school to find two questions in her mail: "Who are you?" and "Where does the world come from?" Before she knows it she is enrolled in a correspondence course with a mysterious philosopher. Thus begins Jostein Gaarder's unique novel, which is not only a mystery, but also a complete and entertaining history of philosophy.


Pdf ebook: The Wretched of the Earth

Pdf download ebook The Wretched of the Earth

Summary: The sixtieth anniversary edition of Frantz Fanon’s landmark text, now with a new introduction by Cornel West First published in 1961, and reissued in thi

  • Author : Frantz Fanon
  • Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.
  • ISBN: 9780802198853
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 347
  • Downloads: 347
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Description: The sixtieth anniversary edition of Frantz Fanon’s landmark text, now with a new introduction by Cornel West First published in 1961, and reissued in this sixtieth anniversary edition with a powerful new introduction by Cornel West, Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth is a masterfuland timeless interrogation of race, colonialism, psychological trauma, and revolutionary struggle, and a continuing influence on movements from Black Lives Matter to decolonization. A landmark text for revolutionaries and activists, The Wretched of the Earth is an eternal touchstone for civil rights, anti-colonialism, psychiatric studies, and Black consciousness movements around the world. Alongside Cornel West’s introduction, the book features critical essays by Jean-Paul Sartre and Homi K. Bhabha. This sixtieth anniversary edition of Fanon’s most famous text stands proudly alongside such pillars of anti-colonialism and anti-racism as Edward Said’s Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X.


Pdf ebook: The Philosophy of History

Pdf download ebook The Philosophy of History

Summary: One of the great classics of Western thought develops concept that history is not chance but a rational process, operating according to the laws of evoluti

  • Author : Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486119009
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1712
  • Downloads: 1712
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Description: One of the great classics of Western thought develops concept that history is not chance but a rational process, operating according to the laws of evolution, and embodying the spirit of freedom.


Pdf ebook: Disability and Art History

Pdf download ebook Disability and Art History

Summary: This is the first book of its kind to feature interdisciplinary art history and disability studies scholarship. Art historians have traditionally written a

  • Author : Ann Millett-Gallant,Elizabeth Howie
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315439980
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 200
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1361
  • Downloads: 1361
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Description: This is the first book of its kind to feature interdisciplinary art history and disability studies scholarship. Art historians have traditionally written about images of figures with impairments and artworks by disabled artists, without integrating disability studies scholarship, while many disability studies scholars discuss works of art, but do not necessarily incorporate art historical research and methodology. The chapters in this volume emphasize a shift away from the medical model of disability that is often scrutinized in art history by considering the social model and representations of disabled figures from a range of styles and periods, mostly from the twentieth century. Topics addressed include visible versus invisible impairments; scientific, anthropological, and vernacular images of disability; and the theories and implications of looking/staring versus gazing. They also explore ways in which art responds to, envisions, and at times stereotypes and pathologizes disability. The insights offered in this book contextualize understanding of disability historically, as well as in terms of medicine, literature, and visual culture.


Pdf ebook: The Age of Spiritual Machines

Pdf download ebook The Age of Spiritual Machines

Summary: Ray Kurzweil is the inventor of the most innovative and compelling technology of our era, an international authority on artificial intelligence, and one of

  • Author : Ray Kurzweil
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101077883
  • Genre: Computers
  • Number of Pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1959
  • Downloads: 1959
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Description: Ray Kurzweil is the inventor of the most innovative and compelling technology of our era, an international authority on artificial intelligence, and one of our greatest living visionaries. Now he offers a framework for envisioning the twenty-first century--an age in which the marriage of human sensitivity and artificial intelligence fundamentally alters and improves the way we live. Kurzweil's prophetic blueprint for the future takes us through the advances that inexorably result in computers exceeding the memory capacity and computational ability of the human brain by the year 2020 (with human-level capabilities not far behind); in relationships with automated personalities who will be our teachers, companions, and lovers; and in information fed straight into our brains along direct neural pathways. Optimistic and challenging, thought-provoking and engaging, The Age of Spiritual Machines is the ultimate guide on our road into the next century.


Pdf ebook: Those They Called Idiots

Pdf download ebook Those They Called Idiots

Summary: Those They Called Idiots traces the little-known lives of people with learning disabilities from the communities of eighteenth-century England to the ninet

  • Author : Simon Jarrett
  • Publisher: Reaktion Books
  • ISBN: 1789143020
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 304
  • Language: English
  • Views: 937
  • Downloads: 937
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Description: Those They Called Idiots traces the little-known lives of people with learning disabilities from the communities of eighteenth-century England to the nineteenth-century asylum, to care in today’s society. Using evidence from civil and criminal courtrooms, joke books, slang dictionaries, novels, art, and caricature, it explores the explosive intermingling of ideas about intelligence and race, while bringing into sharp focus the lives of people often seen as the most marginalized in society.


Pdf ebook: The Faces of Intellectual Disability

Pdf download ebook The Faces of Intellectual Disability

Summary: In a challenge to current thinking about cognitive impairment, this book explores what it means to treat people with intellectual disabilities in an ethica

  • Author : Licia Carlson
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0253003946
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 286
  • Language: English
  • Views: 916
  • Downloads: 916
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Description: In a challenge to current thinking about cognitive impairment, this book explores what it means to treat people with intellectual disabilities in an ethical manner. Reassessing philosophical views of intellectual disability, Licia Carlson shows how we can affirm the dignity and worth of intellectually disabled people first by ending comparisons to nonhuman animals and then by confronting our fears and discomforts. Carlson presents the complex history of ideas about cognitive disability, the treatment of intellectually disabled people, and social and cultural reactions to them. Sensitive and clearly argued, this book offers new insights on recent trends in disability studies and philosophy.


Pdf ebook: A Treatise of Human Nature

Pdf download ebook A Treatise of Human Nature

Summary: "Nothing is more usual and more natural for those, who pretend to discover anything new to the world in philosophy and the sciences, than to insinuate the

  • Author : David Hume
  • Publisher: Prabhat Prakashan
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 578
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1919
  • Downloads: 1919
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Description: "Nothing is more usual and more natural for those, who pretend to discover anything new to the world in philosophy and the sciences, than to insinuate the praises of their own systems, by decrying all those, which have been advanced before them. And indeed were they content with lamenting that ignorance, which we still lie under in the most important questions, that can come before the tribunal of human reason, there are few, who have an acquaintance with the sciences, that would not readily agree with them." -Introduction


Pdf ebook: Preaching Eugenics

Pdf download ebook Preaching Eugenics

Summary: With our success in mapping the human genome, the possibility of altering our genetic futures has given rise to difficult ethical questions. Although oppon

  • Author : Christine Rosen
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198035640
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 296
  • Language: English
  • Views: 560
  • Downloads: 560
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Description: With our success in mapping the human genome, the possibility of altering our genetic futures has given rise to difficult ethical questions. Although opponents of genetic manipulation frequently raise the specter of eugenics, our contemporary debates about bioethics often take place in a historical vacuum. In fact, American religious leaders raised similarly challenging ethical questions in the first half of the twentieth century. Preaching Eugenics tells how Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish leaders confronted and, in many cases, enthusiastically embraced eugenics-a movement that embodied progressive attitudes about modern science at the time. Christine Rosen argues that religious leaders pursued eugenics precisely when they moved away from traditional religious tenets. The liberals and modernists-those who challenged their churches to embrace modernity-became the eugenics movement's most enthusiastic supporters. Their participation played an important part in the success of the American eugenics movement. In the early twentieth century, leaders of churches and synagogues were forced to defend their faiths on many fronts. They faced new challenges from scientists and intellectuals; they struggled to adapt to the dramatic social changes wrought by immigration and urbanization; and they were often internally divided by doctrinal controversies among modernists, liberals, and fundamentalists. Rosen draws on previously unexplored archival material from the records of the American Eugenics Society, religious and scientific books and periodicals of the day, and the personal papers of religious leaders such as Rev. John Haynes Holmes, Rev. Harry Emerson Fosdick, Rev. John M. Cooper, Rev. John A. Ryan, and biologists Charles Davenport and Ellsworth Huntington, to produce an intellectual history of these figures that is both lively and illuminating. The story of how religious leaders confronted one of the era's newest "sciences," eugenics, sheds important new light on a time much like our own, when religion and science are engaged in critical and sometimes bitter dialogue.


Pdf ebook: The State Boys Rebellion

Pdf download ebook The State Boys Rebellion

Summary: A Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist tells the amazing story of how a group of imprisoned boys won their freedom, found justice, and survived one of the dar

  • Author : Michael D'Antonio
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1416591222
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 720
  • Downloads: 720
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Description: A Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist tells the amazing story of how a group of imprisoned boys won their freedom, found justice, and survived one of the darkest and least-known episodes of American history. In the early twentieth century, United States health officials used IQ tests to single out "feebleminded" children and force them into institutions where they were denied education, sterilized, drugged, and abused. Under programs that ran into the 1970s, more than 250,000 children were separated from their families, although many of them were merely unwanted orphans, truants, or delinquents. The State Boys Rebellion conveys the shocking truth about America's eugenic era through the experiences of a group of boys held at the Fernald State School in Massachusetts starting in the late 1940s. In the tradition of Erin Brockovich, it recounts the boys' dramatic struggle to demand their rights and secure their freedom. It also covers their horrifying discovery many years later that they had been fed radioactive oatmeal in Cold War experiments -- and the subsequent legal battle that ultimately won them a multimillion-dollar settlement. Meticulously researched through school archives, previously sealed papers, and interviews with the surviving State Boys, this deft exposé is a powerful reminder of the terrifying consequences of unchecked power as well as an inspiring testament to the strength of the human spirit.


Pdf ebook: The Capacity Contract

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Summary: In the first sustained examination of disability through the lens of political theory, The Capacity Contract shows how the exclusion of disabled people has

  • Author : Stacy Clifford Simplican
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 1452944237
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 192
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1983
  • Downloads: 1983
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Description: In the first sustained examination of disability through the lens of political theory, The Capacity Contract shows how the exclusion of disabled people has shaped democratic politics. Stacy Clifford Simplican demonstrates how disability buttresses systems of domination based on race, sex, and gender. She exposes how democratic theory and politics have long blocked from political citizenship anyone whose cognitive capacity falls below a threshold level⎯marginalization with real-world repercussions on the implementation of disability rights today. Simplican’s compelling ethnographic analysis of the self-advocacy movement describes the obstacles it faces. From the outside, the movement must confront stiff budget cuts and dwindling memberships; internally, self-advocates must find ways to demand political standing without reinforcing entrenched stigma against people with profound cognitive disabilities. And yet Simplican’s investigation also offers democratic theorists and disability activists a more emancipatory vision of democracy as it relates to disability⎯one that focuses on enabling people to engage in public and spontaneous action to disrupt exclusion and stigma. Taking seriously democratic promises of equality and inclusion, The Capacity Contract rejects conceptions of political citizenship that privilege cognitive capacity and, instead, centers such citizenship on action that is accessible to all people.


Pdf ebook: Dangerous Pregnancies

Pdf download ebook Dangerous Pregnancies

Summary: Dangerous Pregnancies tells the largely forgotten story of the German measles epidemic of the early 1960s and how it created national anxiety about dying,

  • Author : Leslie J. Reagan
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 052094500X
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 392
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1082
  • Downloads: 1082
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Description: Dangerous Pregnancies tells the largely forgotten story of the German measles epidemic of the early 1960s and how it created national anxiety about dying, disabled, and "dangerous" babies. This epidemic would ultimately transform abortion politics, produce new science, and help build two of the most enduring social movements of the late twentieth century--the reproductive rights and the disability rights movements. At most a minor rash and fever for women, German measles (also known as rubella), if contracted during pregnancy, could result in miscarriages, infant deaths, and serious birth defects in the newborn. Award-winning writer Leslie J. Reagan chronicles for the first time the discoveries and dilemmas of this disease in a book full of intimate stories--including riveting courtroom testimony, secret investigations of women and doctors for abortion, and startling media portraits of children with disabilities. In exploring a disease that changed America, Dangerous Pregnancies powerfully illuminates social movements that still shape individual lives, pregnancy, medicine, law, and politics.


Pdf ebook: Normal Sucks

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Summary: Confessional and often hilarious, in Normal Sucks a neuro-diverse writer, advocate, and father meditates on his life, offering the radical message that we

  • Author : Jonathan Mooney
  • Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
  • ISBN: 1250190177
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Number of Pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Views: 472
  • Downloads: 472
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Description: Confessional and often hilarious, in Normal Sucks a neuro-diverse writer, advocate, and father meditates on his life, offering the radical message that we should stop trying to fix people and start empowering them to succeed Jonathan Mooney blends anecdote, expertise, and memoir to present a new mode of thinking about how we live and learn—individually, uniquely, and with advantages and upshots to every type of brain and body. As a neuro-diverse kid diagnosed with dyslexia and ADHD who didn't learn to read until he was twelve, the realization that that he wasn’t the problem—the system and the concept of normal were—saved Mooney’s life and fundamentally changed his outlook. Here he explores the toll that being not normal takes on kids and adults when they’re trapped in environments that label them, shame them, and tell them, even in subtle ways, that they are the problem. But, he argues, if we can reorient the ways in which we think about diversity, abilities, and disabilities, we can start a revolution. A highly sought after public speaker, Mooney has been inspiring audiences with his story and his message for nearly two decades. Now he’s ready to share what he’s learned from parents, educators, researchers, and kids in a book that is as much a survival guide as it is a call to action. Whip-smart, insightful, and utterly inspiring—and movingly framed as a letter to his own young sons, as they work to find their ways in the world—this book will upend what we call normal and empower us all.