Pdf ebook: Elementary Cosmology

Pdf download ebook Elementary Cosmology

Summary: Cosmology is the study of the origin, size, and evolution of the entire universe. Every culture has developed a cosmology, whether it be based on religious

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN: 1681741644
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 122
  • Language: English
  • Views: 615
  • Downloads: 615
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Description: Cosmology is the study of the origin, size, and evolution of the entire universe. Every culture has developed a cosmology, whether it be based on religious, philosophical, or scientific principles. In this book, the evolution of the scientific understanding of the Universe in Western tradition is traced from the early Greek philosophers to the most modern 21st century view. After a brief introduction to the concept of the scientific method, the first part of the book describes the way in which detailed observations of the Universe, first with the naked eye and later with increasingly complex modern instruments, ultimately led to the development of the "Big Bang" theory. The second part of the book traces the evolution of the Big Bang including the very recent observation that the expansion of the Universe is itself accelerating with time.


Pdf ebook: Methodological issues in exploring students’ ideas about elementary astronomy

Pdf download ebook Methodological issues in exploring students’ ideas about elementary astronomy

Summary: Scientific Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Pedagogy - Common Didactics, Educational Objectives, Methods, grade: Distinction, University of Leeds (S

  • Author : Nikolaos Fotou
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3668168520
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 22
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1021
  • Downloads: 1021
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Description: Scientific Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Pedagogy - Common Didactics, Educational Objectives, Methods, grade: Distinction, University of Leeds (School of Education/Centre for Studies in Science and Mathematics Education), language: English, abstract: This study investigates the methods and the questions or the tasks used for researching students’ ideas in the domain of elementary cosmology mostly in primary education. Astronomy seems to be fertile and attractive. This is mostly because, in many ways, the scientific perspective of the Earth and relative concepts is contrary to intuition or common-sense and contrary to appearance. For instance, the Sun seems to move on the horizon during daylight hours, but actually it is the Earth that spins on its axes giving that impression. Young students’ developing understanding of the Earth and relative phenomena provides a fascinating natural experiment in the sources of young children's developing scientific knowledge. Most studies in this area involve children’s understanding of the shape of the Earth, the force of gravity and simple astronomical phenomena such as the day/night cycle. In the last forty years, students’ understanding and ideas of scientific phenomena have been of considerable interest to researches in the field of science education. In Mouly’s (1978) words, the aim of a research is to promote progress and enable people to resolve their conflicts. In a similar vein, the purpose of the researches in science education is to ensure maturity and progression of education where lacks exist (Cohen and others, 2000). Nevertheless, in some cases the findings of such studies are not consistent and as a result there is disagreement about whether a lack exists or not. Several researchers have claimed that this inconsistency is related with the research approaches using different methods and reaching different conclusions. Generally speaking, the word method concerns those techniques of eliciting answers to predetermined questions, measuring or recording information, describing a phenomenon and carrying out experiments (Cohen and others, 2000). In this study, the term will be referred to the range of approaches used in educational research to collect data and not for data analysis. This information has been used for interpretation, inference and explanation of children’s ideas. The methods for analysing the data will not be examined here, albeit there is a significant interrelationship between the data collected and the tools or approaches used for their interpretation. Therefore, even this not being the purpose of this study, some weaknesses of the methods used will be mentioned.


Pdf ebook: Practical Work in Elementary Astronomy

Pdf download ebook Practical Work in Elementary Astronomy

Summary:

  • Author : M.G.J. Minnaert
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401034141
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 247
  • Language: English
  • Views: 518
  • Downloads: 518
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Description:


Pdf ebook: From the Universe to the Elementary Particles

Pdf download ebook From the Universe to the Elementary Particles

Summary: In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern element

  • Author : Ulrich Ellwanger
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642243754
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 192
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1841
  • Downloads: 1841
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Description: In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern elementary particle physics and cosmology. He also addresses current and controversial questions on topics such as string theory. The book contains gentle introductions to the theories of special and general relativity, and also classical and quantum field theory. The essential aspects of these concepts are understood with the help of simple calculations; for example, the force of gravity as a consequence of the curvature of the space-time. Also treated are the Big Bang, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the presently known interactions of elementary particles: electrodynamics, the strong and the weak interactions including the Higgs boson. Finally, the book sketches as yet speculative theories: Grand Unification theories, supersymmetry, string theory and the idea of additional dimensions of space-time. Since no higher mathematical or physics expertise is required, the book is also suitable for college and university students at the beginning of their studies. Hobby astronomers and other science enthusiasts seeking a deeper insight than can be found in popular treatments will also appreciate this unique book.


Pdf ebook: Introduction to Advanced Astrophysics

Pdf download ebook Introduction to Advanced Astrophysics

Summary: The purpose of this textbook is to provide a basic knowledge of the main parts of modern astrophysics for all those starting their studies in this field at

  • Author : V. Kourganoff
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400994680
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 450
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1684
  • Downloads: 1684
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Description: The purpose of this textbook is to provide a basic knowledge of the main parts of modern astrophysics for all those starting their studies in this field at the undergraduate level. The reader is supposed to have only a high school training in physics and mathematics. In many respects this Introduction to Advanced Astrophysics could represent a volume of the Berkeley Physics Course. Thus, the primary audience for this work is composed of students in astronomy, physics, mathematics, physical chemistry and engineering. It also includes high school teachers of physics and mathematics. Many amateur astronomers will fmd it quite accessible. In the frame of approximations proper to an introductory textbook, the treatment is quite rigorous. Therefore, it is also expected to provide a firm background for a study of advanced astrophysics on a postgraduate level. A rather severe selection is made here among various aspects of the Universe accessible to modern astronomy. This allows us to go beyond simple information on astronomical phenomena - to be found in popular books - and to insist upon explanations based on modern general physical theories. More precisely, our selection of topics is determined by the following considerations: The study of the solar system (the Moon and the planets) has recently progressed at a tremendous rate. However, the very rich harvest of observations provided by space research is mainly purely descriptive and is perfectly presented in review papers of Scien tific American, Science, Physics Today and similar magazines.


Pdf ebook: An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology

Pdf download ebook An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology

Summary: A thorough introduction to modern ideas on cosmology and on the physical basis of the general theory of relativity, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmo

  • Author : Derek Raine,E.G. Thomas
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1482268450
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 232
  • Language: English
  • Views: 601
  • Downloads: 601
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Description: A thorough introduction to modern ideas on cosmology and on the physical basis of the general theory of relativity, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology explores various theories and ideas in big bang cosmology, providing insight into current problems. Assuming no previous knowledge of astronomy or cosmology, this book takes you beyond introductory texts to the point where you are able to read and appreciate the scientific literature, which is broadly referenced in the book. The authors present the standard big bang theory of the universe and provide an introduction to current inflationary cosmology, emphasizing the underlying physics without excessive technical detail. The book treats cosmological models without reliance on prior knowledge of general relativity, the necessary physics being introduced in the text as required. It also covers recent observational evidence pointing to an accelerating expansion of the universe. The first several chapters provide an introduction to the topics discussed later in the book. The next few chapters introduce relativistic cosmology and the classic observational tests. One chapter gives the main results of the hot big bang theory. Next, the book presents the inflationary model and discusses the problem of the origin of structure and the correspondingly more detailed tests of relativistic models. Finally, the book considers some general issues raised by expansion and isotropy. A reference section completes the work by listing essential formulae, symbols, and physical constants. Beyond the level of many elementary books on cosmology, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology encompasses numerous recent developments and ideas in the area. It provides more detailed coverage than many other titles available, and the inclusion of problems at the end of each chapter aids in self study and makes the book suitable for taught courses.


Pdf ebook: Questioning the Foundations of Physics

Pdf download ebook Questioning the Foundations of Physics

Summary: The essays in this book look at way in which the fundaments of physics might need to be changed in order to make progress towards a unified theory. They ar

  • Author : Anthony Aguirre,Brendan Foster,Zeeya Merali
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319130455
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 274
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1877
  • Downloads: 1877
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Description: The essays in this book look at way in which the fundaments of physics might need to be changed in order to make progress towards a unified theory. They are based on the prize-winning essays submitted to the FQXi essay competition “Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?”, which drew over 270 entries. As Nobel Laureate physicist Philip W. Anderson realized, the key to understanding nature’s reality is not anything “magical”, but the right attitude, “the focus on asking the right questions, the willingness to try (and to discard) unconventional answers, the sensitive ear for phoniness, self-deception, bombast, and conventional but unproven assumptions.” The authors of the eighteen prize-winning essays have, where necessary, adapted their essays for the present volume so as to (a) incorporate the community feedback generated in the online discussion of the essays, (b) add new material that has come to light since their completion and (c) to ensure accessibility to a broad audience of readers with a basic grounding in physics. The Foundational Questions Institute, FQXi, catalyzes, supports, and disseminates research on questions at the foundations of physics and cosmology, particularly new frontiers and innovative ideas integral to a deep understanding of reality, but unlikely to be supported by conventional funding sources.


Pdf ebook: Inflation and Quantum Cosmology

Pdf download ebook Inflation and Quantum Cosmology

Summary: Inflation and Quantum Cosmology discusses the inflationary universe scenario, including the problems of the standard big bang theory and the interplay betw

  • Author : A.D. Linde
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0323160131
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 212
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1719
  • Downloads: 1719
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Description: Inflation and Quantum Cosmology discusses the inflationary universe scenario, including the problems of the standard big bang theory and the interplay between elementary-particle theory and cosmology. Inflationary universe models generate many different final perturbation spectra. For example, a model of an inflationary universe, through a casual mechanism, can predict energy density fluctuations leading to the formation of galaxies. The inflationary universe scenario makes possible simultaneous solutions to ten problems related to cosmology and elementary particle physics. One problem concerns the origin of density perturbations that show a picture of the large-scale structure of the universe. Some unexplored possibilities are related to isothermal perturbations generated during inflation or to adiabatic perturbations with a non-flat spectrum. An inflationary universe cosmology also includes stochastic inflation that describes the universe on very large scales—from fragmented mini-universes to another inflationary cosmos. The book also discusses the problem relating to the initial conditions from which an inflationary universe starts. This book is suitable for astronomers, astrophysicists, and professors of cosmology and cosmogenesis.


Pdf ebook: Galaxy Formation

Pdf download ebook Galaxy Formation

Summary: Written by a well-known astrophysicist, who is also a superbly talented writer, this work deals with the matter and radiation content of the universe, the

  • Author : Malcolm S. Longair
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662035715
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 536
  • Language: English
  • Views: 890
  • Downloads: 890
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Description: Written by a well-known astrophysicist, who is also a superbly talented writer, this work deals with the matter and radiation content of the universe, the formation of galaxies, and provides a comprehensive introduction into relativistic astrophysics as needed for the clarification of cosmological ideas.


Pdf ebook: Cosmology for the Curious

Pdf download ebook Cosmology for the Curious

Summary: This book is an introductory text for all those wishing to learn about modern views of the cosmos. Our universe originated in a great explosion – the big

  • Author : Delia Perlov,Alex Vilenkin
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319570404
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 372
  • Language: English
  • Views: 977
  • Downloads: 977
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Description: This book is an introductory text for all those wishing to learn about modern views of the cosmos. Our universe originated in a great explosion – the big bang. For nearly a century cosmologists have studied the aftermath of this explosion: how the universe expanded and cooled down, and how galaxies were gradually assembled by gravity. The nature of the bang itself has come into focus only relatively recently. It is the subject of the theory of cosmic inflation, which was developed in the last few decades and has led to a radically new global view of the universe. Students and other interested readers will find here a non-technical but conceptually rigorous account of modern cosmological ideas - describing what we know, and how we know it. One of the book's central themes is the scientific quest to find answers to the ultimate cosmic questions: Is the universe finite or infinite? Has it existed forever? If not, when and how did it come into being? Will it ever end? The book is based on the undergraduate course taught by Alex Vilenkin at Tufts University. It assumes no prior knowledge of physics or mathematics beyond elementary high school math. The necessary physics background is introduced as it is required. Each chapter includes a list of questions and exercises of varying degree of difficulty.


Pdf ebook: Quark—Gluon Plasma

Pdf download ebook Quark—Gluon Plasma

Summary: Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) is a state of matter predicted by the theory of strong interactions - Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The area of QGP lies at the in

  • Author : Bikash Sinha,Santanu Pal,Sibaji Raha
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642752896
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Views: 495
  • Downloads: 495
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Description: Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) is a state of matter predicted by the theory of strong interactions - Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The area of QGP lies at the interface of particle physics, field theory, nuclear physics and many-body theory, statistical physics, cosmology and astrophysics. In its brief history (about a decade), QGP has seen a rapid convergence of ideas from these previously diverging disciplines. This volume includes the lectures delivered by eminent specialists to students without prior experience in QGP. Each course thus starts from the basics and takes the students by steps to the current problems. The chapters are self-contained and pedagogic in style. The book may therefore serve as an introduction for advanced graduate students intending to enter this field or for physicists working in other areas. Experts in QGP may also find this volume a handy reference. Specific examples, used to elucidate how theoretical predictions and experimentally accessible quantities may not always correspond to one another, make this book ideal for self-study for beginners. This feature will also make the volume thought-provoking for QGP practitioners.


Pdf ebook: Confluence of Cosmology, Massive Neutrinos, Elementary Particles, and Gravitation

Pdf download ebook Confluence of Cosmology, Massive Neutrinos, Elementary Particles, and Gravitation

Summary: Justbefore the preliminary programof Orbis Scientiae 1998 went to press the news in physics was suddenly dominated by the discovery that neutrinos are, aft

  • Author : Behram N. Kursunogammalu,Stephan L. Mintz,Arnold Perlmutter
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0306470942
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1142
  • Downloads: 1142
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Description: Justbefore the preliminary programof Orbis Scientiae 1998 went to press the news in physics was suddenly dominated by the discovery that neutrinos are, after all, massive particles. This was predicted by some physicists including Dr. Behram Kusunoglu, who had apaper published on this subject in 1976 in the Physical Review. Massive neutrinos do not necessarily simplify the physics of elementary particles but they do give elementary particle physics a new direction. If the dark matter content ofthe universe turns out to consist ofneutrinos, the fact that they are massive should make an impact on cosmology. Some of the papers in this volume have attempted to provide answers to these questions. We have a long way to go before we find the real reasons for nature’s creation of neutrinos. Another neutrino-related event was the passing of their discoverer, Fredrick Reines: The trustees of the Global Foundation, members of the Orbis Scientiae 1998, dedicate this conference to Fredrick Reines of the University of California at Irvine. The late Professor Reines was a loyal and active member of these series of conferences on the frontiers of physics and cosmology since 1964. He also sewed as one of the trustees of the Global Foundation for the past three years. Professor Reines discovered the most elusive particle, the neutrino, in 1954. We are proud to say that we recognized the importance of this discovery by awarding him the J.


Pdf ebook: Origin, Structure and Evolution of Galaxies

Pdf download ebook Origin, Structure and Evolution of Galaxies

Summary: Contents:The Great Astronomer Guo Shoujing and Gou Shoujing Summer School on Astrophysics (Wang Shouguan)Star Formation (C F McKee, notes by Lin Jian-Yu)Th

  • Author : Li Zhi Fang
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9814635642
  • Genre: Books
  • Number of Pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Views: 751
  • Downloads: 751
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Description: Contents:The Great Astronomer Guo Shoujing and Gou Shoujing Summer School on Astrophysics (Wang Shouguan)Star Formation (C F McKee, notes by Lin Jian-Yu)The Age of Globular Clusters (P Giannone)Stellar Disks in Early-Type Galaxies (P Goldreich, notes by Huang Siqin)The Luminosity Function of Galaxies (Q Chincarini)The Structure of Dark Matter in Galaxies (J Kormendy, notes by Gao Yu)Cosmic Strings and Fractals in the Distribution of Galaxies (Fang Li Zhi)and other papers Readership: Graduate students and researchers in astrophysics.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy

Summary: The study of Islamic philosophy has entered a new and exciting phase in the last few years. Both the received canon of Islamic philosophers and the narrati

  • Author : Khaled El-Rouayheb,Sabine Schmidtke
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190621133
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 656
  • Language: English
  • Views: 724
  • Downloads: 724
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Description: The study of Islamic philosophy has entered a new and exciting phase in the last few years. Both the received canon of Islamic philosophers and the narrative of the course of Islamic philosophy are in the process of being radically questioned and revised. Most twentieth-century Western scholarship on Arabic or Islamic philosophy has focused on the period from the ninth century to the twelfth. It is a measure of the transformation that is currently underway in the field that, unlike other reference works, the Oxford Handbook has striven to give roughly equal weight to every century, from the ninth to the twentieth. The Handbook is also unique in that its 30 chapters are work-centered rather than person- or theme-centered, in particular taking advantage of recent new editions and translations that have renewed interest and debate around the Islamic philosophical canon. The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy gives both the advanced student and active scholar in Islamic philosophy, theology, and intellectual history, a strong sense of what a work in Islamic philosophy looks like and a deep view of the issues, concepts, and arguments that are at stake. Most importantly, it provides an up-to-date portrait of contemporary scholarship on Islamic philosophy.


Pdf ebook: Astrophysics at Very High Energies

Pdf download ebook Astrophysics at Very High Energies

Summary: With the success of Cherenkov Astronomy and more recently with the launch of NASA’s Fermi mission, very-high-energy astrophysics has undergone a revoluti

  • Author : Felix Aharonian,Lars Bergström,Charles Dermer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 364236134X
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 361
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1247
  • Downloads: 1247
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Description: With the success of Cherenkov Astronomy and more recently with the launch of NASA’s Fermi mission, very-high-energy astrophysics has undergone a revolution in the last years. This book provides three comprehensive and up-to-date reviews of the recent advances in gamma-ray astrophysics and of multi-messenger astronomy. Felix Aharonian and Charles Dermer address our current knowledge on the sources of GeV and TeV photons, gleaned from the precise measurements made by the new instrumentation. Lars Bergström presents the challenges and prospects of astro-particle physics with a particular emphasis on the detection of dark matter candidates. The topics covered by the 40th Saas-Fee Course present the capabilities of current instrumentation and the physics at play in sources of very-high-energy radiation to students and researchers alike. This book will encourage and prepare readers for using space and ground-based gamma-ray observatories, as well as neutrino and other multi-messenger detectors.


Pdf ebook: Modern Cosmology

Pdf download ebook Modern Cosmology

Summary: Modern Cosmology, Second Edition, provides a detailed introduction to the field of cosmology. Beginning with the smooth, homogeneous universe described by

  • Author : Scott Dodelson,Fabian Schmidt
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0128159499
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1162
  • Downloads: 1162
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Description: Modern Cosmology, Second Edition, provides a detailed introduction to the field of cosmology. Beginning with the smooth, homogeneous universe described by a Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker metric, this trusted resource includes careful treatments of dark energy, big bang nucleosynthesis, recombination, and dark matter. The reader is then introduced to perturbations about an FLRW universe: their evolution with the Einstein-Boltzmann equations, their primordial generation by inflation, and their observational consequences: the acoustic peaks in the CMB; the E/B decomposition in polarization; gravitational lensing of the CMB and large-scale structure; and the BAO standard ruler and redshift-space distortions in galaxy clustering. The Second Edition now also covers nonlinear structure formation including perturbation theory and simulations. The book concludes with a substantially updated chapter on data analysis. Modern Cosmology, Second Edition, shows how modern observations are rapidly revolutionizing our picture of the universe, and supplies readers with all the tools needed to work in cosmology. Offers a unique and practical approach for learning how to perform cosmological calculations. New material on theory, simulations, and analysis of nonlinear structure. Substantial updates on new developments in cosmology since the previous edition.


Pdf ebook: Sorting Out Paul

Pdf download ebook Sorting Out Paul

Summary: This book provides the basis for revising early Roman church history. The second-century confrontations that structured the church were symbolized by Peter

  • Author : Chris Albert Wells
  • Publisher: Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency
  • ISBN: 1681812959
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1204
  • Downloads: 1204
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Description: This book provides the basis for revising early Roman church history. The second-century confrontations that structured the church were symbolized by Peter, representing the church’s initial Judean legacies, and by Paul signifying the Hellenistic theology. Paul is a key actor whose role cannot be correctly understood without separating the first-century man from his second-century legend. Historical Paul brought to Gentiles a new salvation promise in the name of Jesus, Son of Israel’s Creator God. Legendary Paul belonged to a Christianity that radically departed from the original matrix. Paul posthumously became an apostle to the second-century Hellenistic “heretics” under Marcion’s guidance who rejected the Messiah’s Judean legacy. The “centrist” Christian group, challenged by Marcion, used Peter’s primacy to defend their cause. Winning an important political battle, centrists created a wide anti-heretical front and established the church’s primary Judean orthodoxy. Paul losing the keys to Peter but finally occupying a third of the New Testament resumes the agitated history of the early Roman Church. It comprises an initial layer of Judean-influenced orthodoxy Paul rejected as the least of the apostles, completed by a second layer of Hellenistic-inspired orthodoxy, Paul rehabilitated. The continuing confrontations between Peter and Paul produced important texts, influenced the Gospels, made the church evolve, and falsified church history by introducing traditions that still confuse Christians. Understanding the political battles involved in establishing the Roman Church will help in reading all the texts that went into the Christian Bible with their conflicting ideals.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century

Summary: The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century is the first collective critical study of this important period in intellectual history.

  • Author : Michael N. Forster,Kristin Gjesdal
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191065528
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 896
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1487
  • Downloads: 1487
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Description: The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century is the first collective critical study of this important period in intellectual history. The volume is divided into four parts. The first part explores individual philosophers, including Fichte, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Marx, and Nietzsche, amongst other great thinkers of the period. The second addresses key philosophical movements: Idealism, Romanticism, Neo-Kantianism, and Existentialism. The essays in the third part engage with different areas of philosophy that received particular attention at this time, including philosophy of nature, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, philosophy of history, and hermeneutics. Finally, the contributors turn to discuss central philosophical topics, from skepticism to mat-erialism, from dialectics to ideas of historical and cultural Otherness, and from the reception of antiquity to atheism. Written by a team of leading experts, this Handbook will be an essential resource for anyone working in the area and will lead the direction of future research.


Pdf ebook: Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy

Pdf download ebook Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy

Summary: At some time around 200 A.D., the Stoic philosopher and teacher Cleomedes delivered a set of lectures on elementary astronomy as part of a complete introdu

  • Author : Cleomedes
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520928512
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 254
  • Language: English
  • Views: 535
  • Downloads: 535
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Description: At some time around 200 A.D., the Stoic philosopher and teacher Cleomedes delivered a set of lectures on elementary astronomy as part of a complete introduction to Stoicism for his students. The result was The Heavens (Caelestia), the only work by a professional Stoic teacher to survive intact from the first two centuries A.D., and a rare example of the interaction between science and philosophy in late antiquity. This volume contains a clear and idiomatic English translation—the first ever—of The Heavens, along with an informative introduction, detailed notes, and technical diagrams. This important work will now be accessible to specialists in both ancient philosophy and science and to readers interested in the history of astronomy and cosmology but with no knowledge of ancient Greek.


Pdf ebook: Major Aspects of Chinese Religion and Philosophy

Pdf download ebook Major Aspects of Chinese Religion and Philosophy

Summary: The book addresses academically the major aspects of Chinese religion and philosophy, designated as the doctrine of being internal sage and external king.

  • Author : Chun Shan
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642293174
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1232
  • Downloads: 1232
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Description: The book addresses academically the major aspects of Chinese religion and philosophy, designated as the doctrine of being internal sage and external king. The perspective applied is the integration between western and Chinese scholarship and English readers may gain an easy and interesting access to Chinese intellectual tradition, distinctive itself in a harmony between being holy and secular in any mundane human being to the western tradition of “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s”. By this contrast the intellectual charms and spiritual merits of Chinese tradition will be better appreciated, hence conducive to the much anticipated dialogues between western and eastern civilizations at this globalized yet conflicted world. ​