Pdf ebook: Self-Determination and Humanitarian Secession in International Law of a Globalized World

Pdf download ebook Self-Determination and Humanitarian Secession in International Law of a Globalized World

Summary: This book addresses questions in connection with the international legal regime on demands for secession, which have arisen in various States. More specifi

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319726226
  • Genre: Law
  • Number of Pages: 204
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1056
  • Downloads: 1056
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Description: This book addresses questions in connection with the international legal regime on demands for secession, which have arisen in various States. More specifically, it examines the unilateral declarations of independence by Kosovo in 2008, and by Crimea and its subsequent annexation by the Russian Federation in 2014. The work investigates the two cases so as to shed light on the international legal regime affecting entities that are smaller than a sovereign State. It analyzes the relevant principles of international law, the intention being to determine their scope and review them in light of the most recent practice and developments in international law. In turn, the book examines and explains the events of relevance for international law that occurred in the changing situations in Kosovo and Crimea. On the basis of these legal considerations, it explores how the international community can respond when faced with situations that may violate international law, together with the effectiveness of various measures. It also discusses whether certain situations might be legitimate as a concept could now be emerging that secession may be justified in specific circumstances, such as serious and widespread violations of basic human rights.


Pdf ebook: C Street

Pdf download ebook C Street

Summary: The "brilliant, courageous" book (Washington Post) that inspired the Netflix documentary series The Family and reveals the secret influence of fundamentali

  • Author : Jeff Sharlet
  • Publisher: Little, Brown
  • ISBN: 9780316179737
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 368
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1214
  • Downloads: 1214
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Description: The "brilliant, courageous" book (Washington Post) that inspired the Netflix documentary series The Family and reveals the secret influence of fundamentalism in American politics. The author of the runaway paperback bestseller The Family returns with a blistering investigation of the true influence of fundamentalism in American politics. Jeff Sharlet is the only journalist to report from inside the C Street House, the Fellowship residence known by its Washington, D.C., address. This luxury townhouse, recently the setting of notorious political scandal, is more crucially home to efforts to transform American democracy. After laying bare the Fellowship's history in his runaway bestseller The Family, Sharlet now shows that past efforts of America's religious fundamentalists pale in comparison to their long-term ambitions today. In C STREET Sharlet reveals why culture wars endure and why they matter now--from the American-backed war on gays in Uganda to the battle for the soul of America's armed forces. Drawing on exclusive sources and explosive, newly disclosed documents, Sharlet exposes not the last gasp of old-time religion but the new front lines of American fundamentalism. .


Pdf ebook: Sexualised Crimes, Armed Conflict and the Law

Pdf download ebook Sexualised Crimes, Armed Conflict and the Law

Summary: From ancient to modern times, sexualised war violence against women was tolerated if not encouraged as a means of reward, propaganda, humiliation, and terr

  • Author : Hannah Baumeister
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351619217
  • Genre: Law
  • Number of Pages: 252
  • Language: English
  • Views: 605
  • Downloads: 605
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Description: From ancient to modern times, sexualised war violence against women was tolerated if not encouraged as a means of reward, propaganda, humiliation, and terror. This was and is in defiance of international laws that have criminalised acts of sexualised war violence since the 18th century. Ad hoc international tribunals have addressed especially war rape since the 15th century. The International Criminal Court (ICC), however, is the first independent, permanent, international criminal court that recognises not only war rape but also sexual slavery and other sexualised crimes as crimes against humanity, war crimes, and acts of genocide in its statute and supporting documents. This book explores how the ICC definitions of rape and forced marriage came about, and addresses the ongoing challenge of how to define war rape and forced marriage in times of armed conflict in a way that adequately reflects women’s experiences, as well as the nature of the crimes. In addition to deepening the understanding of the ICC negotiations of war rape and forced marriage, and of the crimes themselves, this volume highlights relevant factors that need to be considered when criminalising acts of sexualised war violence under international law. Sexualised Crimes, Armed Conflict and the Law draws on feminist and constructivist theories and offers a comprehensive theoretical and empirical examination of the definition of rape and forced marriage. It presents the latest state of knowledge on the topic and will be of interest to researchers, academics, policymakers, officials and intergovernmental organisations, and students in the fields of post-conflict law and justice, international law, human rights law, international relations, gender studies, politics, and criminology.


Pdf ebook: Indigenous Peoples, Customary Law and Human Rights - Why Living Law Matters

Pdf download ebook Indigenous Peoples, Customary Law and Human Rights - Why Living Law Matters

Summary: This highly original work demonstrates the fundamental role of customary law for the realization of Indigenous peoples’ human rights and for sound nation

  • Author : Brendan Tobin
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317697537
  • Genre: Law
  • Number of Pages: 304
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1512
  • Downloads: 1512
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Description: This highly original work demonstrates the fundamental role of customary law for the realization of Indigenous peoples’ human rights and for sound national and international legal governance. The book reviews the legal status of customary law and its relationship with positive and natural law from the time of Plato up to the present. It examines its growing recognition in constitutional and international law and its dependence on and at times strained relationship with human rights law. The author analyzes the role of customary law in tribal, national and international governance of Indigenous peoples’ lands, resources and cultural heritage. He explores the challenges and opportunities for its recognition by courts and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, including issues of proof of law and conflicts between customary practices and human rights. He throws light on the richness inherent in legal diversity and key principles of customary law and their influence in legal practice and on emerging notions of intercultural equity and justice. He concludes that Indigenous peoples’ rights to their customary legal regimes and states’ obligations to respect and recognize customary law, in order to secure their human rights, are principles of international customary law, and as such binding on all states. At a time when the self-determination, land, resources and cultural heritage of Indigenous peoples are increasingly under threat, this accessible book presents the key issues for both legal and non-legal scholars, practitioners, students of human rights and environmental justice, and Indigenous peoples themselves.


Pdf ebook: Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability 5/10

Pdf download ebook Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability 5/10

Summary: Ecosystem Management and Sustainability analyzes myriad human-initiated processes and tools developed to foster sustainable natural resource use, preservat

  • Author : Robin Kundis Craig,John Copeland Nagle,Bruce Pardy,Oswald J. Schmitz,William K. Smith,Norman L. Christensen Jr,Janet Neuman
  • Publisher: Berkshire Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 1933782099
  • Genre: Nature
  • Number of Pages: 458
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1854
  • Downloads: 1854
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Description: Ecosystem Management and Sustainability analyzes myriad human-initiated processes and tools developed to foster sustainable natural resource use, preservation, and restoration. It also examines how humans interact with plant, marine, and animal life in both natural and human-altered environments. Experts explain the complex ecosystem relationships that result from invasive species, roads, fencing, and even our homes by addressing topics such as fire and groundwater management, disturbance, and ecosystem resilience. Because most people in the 21st century live in urban environments, the volume pays special attention to the ecology of cities, with detailed coverage on topics ranging from urban agriculture to landscape architecture. The volume focuses on how ecosystems across the world can be restored, maintained, and used productively and sustainably.


Pdf ebook: Securing the Vote

Pdf download ebook Securing the Vote

Summary: During the 2016 presidential election, America's election infrastructure was targeted by actors sponsored by the Russian government. Securing the Vote: Pro

  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on the Future of Voting: Accessible, Reliable, Verifiable Technology
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 030947650X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 180
  • Language: English
  • Views: 990
  • Downloads: 990
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Description: During the 2016 presidential election, America's election infrastructure was targeted by actors sponsored by the Russian government. Securing the Vote: Protecting American Democracy examines the challenges arising out of the 2016 federal election, assesses current technology and standards for voting, and recommends steps that the federal government, state and local governments, election administrators, and vendors of voting technology should take to improve the security of election infrastructure. In doing so, the report provides a vision of voting that is more secure, accessible, reliable, and verifiable.


Pdf ebook: Moving Health Sovereignty in Africa

Pdf download ebook Moving Health Sovereignty in Africa

Summary: Today’s era of intense globalization has unleashed dynamic movements of people, pathogens, and pests that overwhelm the static territorial jurisdictions

  • Author : Andrew F. Cooper,Hany Besada
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131709378X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 324
  • Language: English
  • Views: 595
  • Downloads: 595
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Description: Today’s era of intense globalization has unleashed dynamic movements of people, pathogens, and pests that overwhelm the static territorial jurisdictions on which the governance provided by sovereign states and their formal intergovernmental institutions is based. This world of movement calls for new ideas and institutions to govern people’s health, above all in Africa, where the movements and health challenges are the most acute. This book insightfully explores these challenges in ways that put the perspectives of Africans themselves at centre stage. It begins with the long central and still compelling African health challenge of combating the pandemic of HIV/AIDS. It then examines the global governance responses by the major multilateral organizations of the World Bank and the World Trade Organization and the newer informal flexible democratically oriented ones of the Group of Eight. It also addresses the compounding health challenge created by climate change to assess both its intensifying impact on Africa and how all international institutions have largely failed to link climate and health in their governance response. It concludes with several recommendations about the innovative ideas and institutions that offer a way to closing the great global governance gaps and thus improving Africans’ health and that of citizens beyond.


Pdf ebook: Laudato Si'

Pdf download ebook Laudato Si'

Summary: Laudato Si 'is Pope Francis' second encyclical which focuses on the theme of the environment. In fact, the Holy Father in his encyclical urges all men and

  • Author : Pope Francis
  • Publisher: Le vie della Cristianità
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 700
  • Downloads: 700
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Description: Laudato Si 'is Pope Francis' second encyclical which focuses on the theme of the environment. In fact, the Holy Father in his encyclical urges all men and women of good will, the rulers and all the powerful on earth to reflect deeply on the theme of the environment and the care of our planet. This is our common home, we must take care of it and love it - the Holy Father tells us - because its end is also ours.


Pdf ebook: YOUCAT

Pdf download ebook YOUCAT

Summary: To learn more about YOUCAT at the special website for it - click here YOUCAT is short for Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church, which was launched on Wor

  • Author : Christoph Cardinal Schoenborn
  • Publisher: Ignatius Press
  • ISBN: 1681496410
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1473
  • Downloads: 1473
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Description: To learn more about YOUCAT at the special website for it - click here YOUCAT is short for Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church, which was launched on World Youth Day, 2011. Developed with the help of young Catholics and written for high-school age people and young adults, YOUCAT is an accessible, contemporary expression of the Catholic Faith. The appealing graphic format includes Questions-and-Answers, highly-readable commentary, summary definitions of key terms, Bible citations and inspiring and thought-provoking quotes from Saints and others in the margins. What's more, YOUCAT is keyed to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, so people can go deeper. It explains: What Catholics believe and why (doctrine)How Catholics celebrate the mysteries of the faith (sacraments)How Catholics are to live (moral life)How they should pray (prayer and spirituality) The questions are direct and honest, even at times tough; the answers straightforward, relevant, and compelling. YOUCAT will likely become the "go-to" place for young people to learn the truth about the Catholic faith. Illustrated.


Pdf ebook: Conservation and Sustainable Development

Pdf download ebook Conservation and Sustainable Development

Summary: The links between policy and practice in natural resource management are often depicted as a cyclical and rational process. In reality, policymaking and im

  • Author : Jonathan Davies
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136475974
  • Genre: Nature
  • Number of Pages: 224
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1580
  • Downloads: 1580
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Description: The links between policy and practice in natural resource management are often depicted as a cyclical and rational process. In reality, policymaking and implementation are often irrational, unpredictable and highly political. Many science and knowledge-based institutions undertake rigorous research with the aim of influencing policy, but often their influence is much less than intended. Understanding who influences policy at different levels, and how, is crucial to ensure that science is deployed most effectively so as to have an influence on conservation and natural resource management. Conservation and Sustainable Development presents a variety of innovative ways that have been used to influence policy processes, from community pressure groups through elected and unelected leaders, to scientific discourse at the levels of directors of economic planning and conservation. This book analyzes experiences from a variety of conservation interventions by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and other agencies, primarily in Eastern Africa, and challenges the notion of policymaking as a cyclical process. It elaborates on this theme and presents an array of examples of how communities have influenced government, through direct lobbying, influence of parliamentarians, wielding of science and research, and inter-community dialogue, networking and solidarity. The authors present a framework for understanding and strategizing such work so that other institutions can identify where they can best add value.


Pdf ebook: Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, assessment

Pdf download ebook Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, assessment

Summary: The CEFR Companion volume broadens the scope of language education. It reflects academic and societal developments since the publication of the Common Euro

  • Author : Council of Europe
  • Publisher: Council of Europe
  • ISBN: 9287186456
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 278
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1677
  • Downloads: 1677
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Description: The CEFR Companion volume broadens the scope of language education. It reflects academic and societal developments since the publication of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) and updates the 2001 version. It owes much to the contributions of members of the language teaching profession across Europe and beyond. This volume contains: ► an explanation of the key aspects of the CEFR for teaching and learning; ► a complete set of updated CEFR descriptors that replaces the 2001 set with: - modality-inclusive and gender-neutral descriptors; - added detail on listening and reading; - a new Pre–A1 level, plus enriched description at A1 and C levels; - a replacement scale for phonological competence; - new scales for mediation, online interaction and plurilingual/pluricultural competence; - new scales for sign language competence; ► a short report on the four-year development, validation and consultation processes. The CEFR Companion volume represents another step in a process of engagement with language education that has been pursued by the Council of Europe since 1971 and which seeks to: ► promote and support the learning and teaching of modern languages; ► enhance intercultural dialogue, and thus mutual understanding, social cohesion and democracy; ► protect linguistic and cultural diversity in Europe; and ► promote the right to quality education for all.


Pdf ebook: Humiliation, Degradation, Dehumanization

Pdf download ebook Humiliation, Degradation, Dehumanization

Summary: Degradation, dehumanization, instrumentalization, humiliation, and nonrecognition – these concepts point to ways in which we understand human beings to b

  • Author : Paulus Kaufmann,Hannes Kuch,Christian Neuhaeuser,Elaine Webster
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789048196616
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 266
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1756
  • Downloads: 1756
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Description: Degradation, dehumanization, instrumentalization, humiliation, and nonrecognition – these concepts point to ways in which we understand human beings to be violated in their dignity. Violations of human dignity are brought about by concrete practices and conditions; some commonly acknowledged, such as torture and rape, and others more contested, such as poverty and exclusion. This volume collates reflections on such concepts and a range of practices, deepening our understanding of human dignity and its violation, bringing to the surface interrelationships and commonalities, and pointing to the values that are thereby shown to be in danger. In presenting a streamlined discussion from a negative perspective, complemented by conclusions for a positive account of human dignity, the book is at once a contribution to the body of literature on what dignity is and how it should be protected as well as constituting an alternative, fresh and focused perspective relevant to this significant recurring debate. As the concept of human dignity itself crosses disciplinary boundaries, this is mirrored in the unique range of perspectives brought by the book’s European and American contributors – in philosophy and ethics, law, human rights, literature, cultural studies and interdisciplinary research. This volume will be of interest to social and moral philosophers, legal and human rights theorists, practitioners and students.


Pdf ebook: Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals

Pdf download ebook Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals

Summary: A respected resource for decades, the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals has been updated by a committee of experts, taking into consideratio

  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee for the Update of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309186636
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Views: 943
  • Downloads: 943
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Description: A respected resource for decades, the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals has been updated by a committee of experts, taking into consideration input from the scientific and laboratory animal communities and the public at large. The Guide incorporates new scientific information on common laboratory animals, including aquatic species, and includes extensive references. It is organized around major components of animal use: Key concepts of animal care and use. The Guide sets the framework for the humane care and use of laboratory animals. Animal care and use program. The Guide discusses the concept of a broad Program of Animal Care and Use, including roles and responsibilities of the Institutional Official, Attending Veterinarian and the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Animal environment, husbandry, and management. A chapter on this topic is now divided into sections on terrestrial and aquatic animals and provides recommendations for housing and environment, husbandry, behavioral and population management, and more. Veterinary care. The Guide discusses veterinary care and the responsibilities of the Attending Veterinarian. It includes recommendations on animal procurement and transportation, preventive medicine (including animal biosecurity), and clinical care and management. The Guide addresses distress and pain recognition and relief, and issues surrounding euthanasia. Physical plant. The Guide identifies design issues, providing construction guidelines for functional areas; considerations such as drainage, vibration and noise control, and environmental monitoring; and specialized facilities for animal housing and research needs. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals provides a framework for the judgments required in the management of animal facilities. This updated and expanded resource of proven value will be important to scientists and researchers, veterinarians, animal care personnel, facilities managers, institutional administrators, policy makers involved in research issues, and animal welfare advocates.


Pdf ebook: Linguistic Genocide in Education--or Worldwide Diversity and Human Rights?

Pdf download ebook Linguistic Genocide in Education--or Worldwide Diversity and Human Rights?

Summary: In this powerful, multidisciplinary book, Tove Skutnabb-Kangas shows how most indigenous and minority education contributes to linguistic genocide accordin

  • Author : Tove Skutnabb-Kangas
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135662355
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 824
  • Language: English
  • Views: 855
  • Downloads: 855
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Description: In this powerful, multidisciplinary book, Tove Skutnabb-Kangas shows how most indigenous and minority education contributes to linguistic genocide according to United Nations definitions. Theory is combined with a wealth of factual encyclopedic information and with many examples and vignettes. The examples come from all parts of the world and try to avoid Eurocentrism. Oriented toward theory and practice, facts and evaluations, and reflection and action, the book prompts readers to find information about the world and their local contexts, to reflect and to act. A Web site with additional resource materials to this book can be found at http://www.ruc.dk/~tovesk/


Pdf ebook: Born a Crime

Pdf download ebook Born a Crime

Summary: The compelling, inspiring, and comically sublime New York Times bestseller about one man’s coming-of-age, set during the twilight of apartheid and the tu

  • Author : Trevor Noah
  • Publisher: Doubleday Canada
  • ISBN: 0385689233
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Number of Pages: 224
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1616
  • Downloads: 1616
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Description: The compelling, inspiring, and comically sublime New York Times bestseller about one man’s coming-of-age, set during the twilight of apartheid and the tumultuous days of freedom that followed. Trevor Noah’s unlikely path from apartheid South Africa to the desk of The Daily Show began with a criminal act: his birth. Trevor was born to a white Swiss father and a black Xhosa mother at a time when such a union was punishable by five years in prison. Living proof of his parents’ indiscretion, Trevor was kept mostly indoors for the earliest years of his life, bound by the extreme and often absurd measures his mother took to hide him from a government that could, at any moment, steal him away. Finally liberated by the end of South Africa’s tyrannical white rule, Trevor and his mother set forth on a grand adventure, living openly and freely and embracing the opportunities won by a centuries-long struggle. Born a Crime is the story of a mischievous young boy who grows into a restless young man as he struggles to find himself in a world where he was never supposed to exist. It is also the story of that young man’s relationship with his fearless, rebellious, and fervently religious mother—his teammate, a woman determined to save her son from the cycle of poverty, violence, and abuse that would ultimately threaten her own life. The eighteen personal essays collected here are by turns hilarious, dramatic, and deeply affecting. Whether subsisting on caterpillars for dinner during hard times, being thrown from a moving car during an attempted kidnapping, or just trying to survive the life-and-death pitfalls of dating in high school, Trevor illuminates his curious world with an incisive wit and unflinching honesty. His stories weave together to form a moving and searingly funny portrait of a boy making his way through a damaged world in a dangerous time, armed only with a keen sense of humor and a mother’s unconventional, unconditional love.


Pdf ebook: Teaching Critical Thinking

Pdf download ebook Teaching Critical Thinking

Summary: In Teaching Critical Thinking, renowned cultural critic and progressive educator bell hooks addresses some of the most compelling issues facing teachers in

  • Author : bell hooks
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135263493
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 198
  • Language: English
  • Views: 601
  • Downloads: 601
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Description: In Teaching Critical Thinking, renowned cultural critic and progressive educator bell hooks addresses some of the most compelling issues facing teachers in and out of the classroom today. In a series of short, accessible, and enlightening essays, hooks explores the confounding and sometimes controversial topics that teachers and students have urged her to address since the publication of the previous best-selling volumes in her Teaching series, Teaching to Transgress and Teaching Community. The issues are varied and broad, from whether meaningful teaching can take place in a large classroom setting to confronting issues of self-esteem. One professor, for example, asked how black female professors can maintain positive authority in a classroom without being seen through the lens of negative racist, sexist stereotypes. One teacher asked how to handle tears in the classroom, while another wanted to know how to use humor as a tool for learning. Addressing questions of race, gender, and class in this work, hooks discusses the complex balance that allows us to teach, value, and learn from works written by racist and sexist authors. Highlighting the importance of reading, she insists on the primacy of free speech, a democratic education of literacy. Throughout these essays, she celebrates the transformative power of critical thinking. This is provocative, powerful, and joyful intellectual work. It is a must read for anyone who is at all interested in education today.