Pdf ebook: Democratic Philosophy and the Politics of Knowledge

Pdf download ebook Democratic Philosophy and the Politics of Knowledge

Summary: Debates over postmodernism, analyses of knowledge and power, and the recurring issue of Heidegger's Nazism have all deepened questions about the relation b

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 0271075201
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 356
  • Language: English
  • Views: 930
  • Downloads: 930
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Description: Debates over postmodernism, analyses of knowledge and power, and the recurring issue of Heidegger's Nazism have all deepened questions about the relation between philosophy and the social roles of intellectuals. Against such postmodernist rejections of philosophical theory as mounted by Rorty and Lyotard, Richard Peterson argues that precisely reflection on rationality, in appropriate social terms, is needed to confront urgent political issues about intellectuals. After presenting a conception of intellectual mediation set within the modern division of labor, he offers an account of postmodern politics within which postmodern arguments against critical reflection are themselves treated socially and politically. Engaging thinkers as diverse as Kant, Hegel, Marx, Habermas, Foucault, and Bahktin, Peterson argues that a democratic conception and practice of philosophy is inseparable from democracy generally. His arguments about modern philosophy are tied to claims about the relation between liberalism and epistemology, and these in turn inform an account of impasses confronting contemporary politics. Historical arguments about the connections between postmodernist thought and practice are illustrated by discussions of the postmodernist dimensions of recent politics.


Pdf ebook: The Democracy of Knowledge

Pdf download ebook The Democracy of Knowledge

Summary: This volume in the Political Theory and Contemporary Philosophy series extends democracy to knowledge in two ways. First, it argues that the issues science

  • Author : Daniel Innerarity
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1623560330
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 224
  • Language: English
  • Views: 753
  • Downloads: 753
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Description: This volume in the Political Theory and Contemporary Philosophy series extends democracy to knowledge in two ways. First, it argues that the issues science seeks to clarify are relevant for all citizens. Second, it explains that the fundamental problems faced by any democracy, such as the economic crisis, are not so much problems of political will as cognitive failures that must be resolved through both a greater knowledge of the realities over which we govern and a fine-tuning of the tools of governance. In fact, knowledge and related fields are spheres in which not only economic prosperity, but also democratic quality, are determined. Thus politics of knowledge and through knowledge has become a question of democratic citizenship. After introducing the concept of governing knowledge, the book discusses the political action of collective organization of uncertainty, before developing the idea of the cognitive challenge of the economy, revealed by today's economic crisis. A groundbreaking work by a renowned philosopher, it will be an accessible and fundamental resource for anyone interested in the relation of power to knowledge.


Pdf ebook: Science and Democracy

Pdf download ebook Science and Democracy

Summary: In the life sciences and beyond, new developments in science and technology and the creation of new social orders go hand in hand. In short, science and so

  • Author : Stephen Hilgartner,Clark Miller,Rob Hagendijk
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136748202
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 248
  • Language: English
  • Views: 368
  • Downloads: 368
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Description: In the life sciences and beyond, new developments in science and technology and the creation of new social orders go hand in hand. In short, science and society are simultaneously and reciprocally coproduced and changed. Scientific research not only produces new knowledge and technological systems but also constitutes new forms of expertise and contributes to the emergence of new modes of living and new forms of exchange. These dynamic processes are tightly connected to significant redistributions of wealth and power, and they sometimes threaten and sometimes enhance democracy. Understanding these phenomena poses important intellectual and normative challenges: neither traditional social sciences nor prevailing modes of democratic governance have fully grappled with the deep and growing significance of knowledge-making in twenty-first century politics and markets. Building on new work in science and technology studies (STS), this book advances the systematic analysis of the coproduction of knowledge and power in contemporary societies. Using case studies in the new life sciences, supplemented with cases on informatics and other topics such as climate science, this book presents a theoretical framing of coproduction processes while also providing detailed empirical analyses and nuanced comparative work. Science and Democracy: Knowledge as Wealth and Power in the Biosciences and Beyond will be interesting for students of sociology, science & technology studies, history of science, genetics, political science, and public administration.


Pdf ebook: Knowledge Democracy

Pdf download ebook Knowledge Democracy

Summary: Knowledge democracy is an emerging concept that addresses the relationships between knowledge production and dissemination, as well as the functions of the

  • Author : Roel in 't Veld
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642113818
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 397
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1453
  • Downloads: 1453
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Description: Knowledge democracy is an emerging concept that addresses the relationships between knowledge production and dissemination, as well as the functions of the media and democratic institutions. Although democracy has been the most successful concept of governance for societies for the last two centuries, representative democracy, which became the hallmark of advanced nation-states, seems to be in decline. Media politics is an important factor in the downfall of the original meaning of representation, yet more direct forms of democracy have not yet found an institutional embedding. Further, the Internet has also drastically changed the rules of the game, and a better educated public has broad access to information, selects for itself which types to examine, and ignores media filters. Some citizens have even become "media" themselves. In a time where the political agendas are filled with combatting so-called evils, new designs for the relationships between science, politics and media are needed. This book outlines the challenges entailed in pursuing a vital knowledge democracy.


Pdf ebook: Politics of Nature

Pdf download ebook Politics of Nature

Summary: A major work by one of the more innovative thinkers of our time, Politics of Nature does nothing less than establish the conceptual context for political e

  • Author : Bruno Latour
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674039964
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 307
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1582
  • Downloads: 1582
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Description: A major work by one of the more innovative thinkers of our time, Politics of Nature does nothing less than establish the conceptual context for political ecology--transplanting the terms of ecology into more fertile philosophical soil than its proponents have thus far envisioned. Bruno Latour announces his project dramatically: "Political ecology has nothing whatsoever to do with nature, this jumble of Greek philosophy, French Cartesianism and American parks." Nature, he asserts, far from being an obvious domain of reality, is a way of assembling political order without due process. Thus, his book proposes an end to the old dichotomy between nature and society--and the constitution, in its place, of a collective, a community incorporating humans and nonhumans and building on the experiences of the sciences as they are actually practiced. In a critique of the distinction between fact and value, Latour suggests a redescription of the type of political philosophy implicated in such a "commonsense" division--which here reveals itself as distinctly uncommonsensical and in fact fatal to democracy and to a healthy development of the sciences. Moving beyond the modernist institutions of "mononaturalism" and "multiculturalism," Latour develops the idea of "multinaturalism," a complex collectivity determined not by outside experts claiming absolute reason but by "diplomats" who are flexible and open to experimentation. Table of Contents: Introduction: What Is to Be Done with Political Ecology? 1. Why Political Ecology Has to Let Go of Nature First, Get Out of the Cave Ecological Crisis or Crisis of Objectivity? The End of Nature The Pitfall of "Social Representations" of Nature The Fragile Aid of Comparative Anthropology What Successor for the Bicameral Collective? 2. How to Bring the Collective Together Difficulties in Convoking the Collective First Division: Learning to Be Circumspect with Spokespersons Second Division: Associations of Humans and Nonhumans Third Division between Humans and Nonhumans: Reality and Recalcitrance A More or Less Articulated Collective The Return to Civil Peace 3. A New Separation of Powers Some Disadvantages of the Concepts of Fact and Value The Power to Take into Account and the Power to Put in Order The Collective's Two Powers of Representation Verifying That the Essential Guarantees Have Been Maintained A New Exteriority 4. Skills for the Collective The Third Nature and the Quarrel between the Two "Eco" Sciences Contribution of the Professions to the Procedures of the Houses The Work of the Houses The Common Dwelling, the Oikos 5. Exploring Common Worlds Time's Two Arrows The Learning Curve The Third Power and the Question of the State The Exercise of Diplomacy War and Peace for the Sciences Conclusion: What Is to Be Done? Political Ecology! Summary of the Argument (for Readers in a Hurry...) Glossary Notes Bibliography Index From the book: What is to be done with political ecology? Nothing. What is to be done? Political ecology! All those who have hoped that the politics of nature would bring about a renewal of public life have asked the first question, while noting the stagnation of the so-called "green" movements. They would like very much to know why so promising an endeavor has so often come to naught. Appearances notwithstanding, everyone is bound to answer the second question the same way. We have no choice: politics does not fall neatly on one side of a divide and nature on the other. From the time the term "politics" was invented, every type of politics has been defined by its relation to nature, whose every feature, property, and function depends on the polemical will to limit, reform, establish, short-circuit, or enlighten public life. As a result, we cannot choose whether to engage in it surreptitiously, by distinguishing between questions of nature and questions of politics, or explicitly, by treating those two sets of questions as a single issue that arises for all collectives. While the ecology movements tell us that nature is rapidly invading politics, we shall have to imagine - most often aligning ourselves with these movements but sometimes against them - what a politics finally freed from the sword of Damocles we call nature might be like.


Pdf ebook: Making Global Knowledge in Local Contexts

Pdf download ebook Making Global Knowledge in Local Contexts

Summary: This book draws on extensive ethnographic research undertaken in Russia to show how the wider sociopolitical context – the political system, relationship

  • Author : Katarzyna Kaczmarska
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429589026
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 228
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1062
  • Downloads: 1062
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Description: This book draws on extensive ethnographic research undertaken in Russia to show how the wider sociopolitical context – the political system, relationship between the state and academia as well as the contours of the public debate – shapes knowledge about international politics and influences scholars’ engagement with the policy world. Combining an in-depth study of the International Relations discipline in Russia with a robust methodological framework, the book demonstrates that context not only bears on epistemic and disciplinary practices but also conditions scholars’ engagement with the wider public and policymakers. This original study lends robust sociological foundations to the debate about knowledge in International Relations and the social sciences more broadly. In particular, the book questions contemporary thinking about the relationship between knowledge and politics by situating the university within, rather than abstracting it from the political setting. The monograph benefits from a comprehensive engagement with Russian-language literature in the Sociology of Knowledge and critical reading of International Relations scholarship published in Russia. This text will be of interest to scholars and students in International Relations, Russian and Post-Soviet Studies, the Sociology of Knowledge, Science and Technology Studies and Higher Education Studies. It will appeal to those researching the knowledge-policy nexus and knowledge production practices.


Pdf ebook: Public Opinion

Pdf download ebook Public Opinion

Summary: A penetrative study of democratic theory and the role of citizens in a democracy, this classic by a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winner offers a prescient view

  • Author : Walter Lippmann
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486119904
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 240
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1530
  • Downloads: 1530
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Description: A penetrative study of democratic theory and the role of citizens in a democracy, this classic by a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winner offers a prescient view of the media's function in shaping public perceptions.


Pdf ebook: The State and the Politics of Knowledge

Pdf download ebook The State and the Politics of Knowledge

Summary: The State and the Politics of Knowledge extends the insightful arguments Michael Apple provided in Educating the "Right" Way in new and truly international

  • Author : Michael W. Apple
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135951381
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 268
  • Language: English
  • Views: 418
  • Downloads: 418
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Description: The State and the Politics of Knowledge extends the insightful arguments Michael Apple provided in Educating the "Right" Way in new and truly international directions. Arguing that schooling is, by definition, political, Apple and his co-authors move beyond a critical analysis to describe numerous ways of interrupting dominance and creating truly democratic and realistic alternatives to the ways markets, standards, testing, and a limited vision of religion are now being pressed into schools.


Pdf ebook: The Politics of Expertise

Pdf download ebook The Politics of Expertise

Summary: This book collects case studies and theoretical papers on expertise, focusing on four major themes: legitimation, the aggregation of knowledge, the distrib

  • Author : Stephen P. Turner
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134644167
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 338
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1310
  • Downloads: 1310
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Description: This book collects case studies and theoretical papers on expertise, focusing on four major themes: legitimation, the aggregation of knowledge, the distribution of knowledge and the distribution of power. It focuses on the institutional means by which the distribution of knowledge and the distribution of power are connected, and how the problems of aggregating knowledge and legitimating it are solved by these structures. The radical novelty of this approach is that it places the traditional discussion of expertise in democracy into a much larger framework of knowledge and power relations, and in addition begins to raise the questions of epistemology that a serious account of these problems requires.


Pdf ebook: An Epistemic Theory of Democracy

Pdf download ebook An Epistemic Theory of Democracy

Summary: Democracy has many attractive features. Among them is its tendency to track the truth, at least under certain idealized assumptions. That basic result has

  • Author : Robert E. Goodin,Kai Spiekermann
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192556479
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1813
  • Downloads: 1813
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Description: Democracy has many attractive features. Among them is its tendency to track the truth, at least under certain idealized assumptions. That basic result has been known since 1785, when Condorcet published his famous jury theorem. But that theorem has typically been dismissed as little more than a mathematical curiosity, with assumptions too restrictive for it to apply to the real world. In An Epistemic Theory of Democracy, Goodin and Spiekermann propose different ways of interpreting voter independence and competence to make jury theorems more generally applicable. They go on to assess a wide range of familiar political practices and alternative institutional arrangements, to determine what constellation of them might most fully exploit the truth-tracking potential of majoritarian democracy. The book closes with a discussion of how epistemic democracy might be undermined, using as case studies the Trump and Brexit campaigns.


Pdf ebook: Social Construction of Public Administration, The

Pdf download ebook Social Construction of Public Administration, The

Summary: Challenges the limitations of modern public administration theories.

  • Author : Jong S. Jun
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791481891
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 326
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1060
  • Downloads: 1060
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Description: Challenges the limitations of modern public administration theories.


Pdf ebook: Pluralism, Democracy and Political Knowledge

Pdf download ebook Pluralism, Democracy and Political Knowledge

Summary: The political discontent or malaise that typifies most modern democracies is mainly caused by the widely shared feeling that the political freedom of citiz

  • Author : Hans Blokland
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317079574
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 392
  • Language: English
  • Views: 621
  • Downloads: 621
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Description: The political discontent or malaise that typifies most modern democracies is mainly caused by the widely shared feeling that the political freedom of citizens to influence the development of their society and, related to this, their personal life, has become rather limited. We can only address this discontent when we rehabilitate politics, the deliberate, joint effort to give direction to society and to make the best of ourselves. In Pluralism, Democracy and Political Knowledge, Hans Blokland examines this challenge via a critical appraisal of the pluralist conception of politics and democracy. This conception was formulated by, above all, Robert A. Dahl, one of the most important political scholars and democratic theorists of the last half century. Taking his work as the point of reference, this book not only provides an illuminating history of political science, told via Dahl and his critics, it also offers a revealing analysis as to what progress we have made in our thinking on pluralism and democracy, and what progress we could make, given the epistemological constraints of the social sciences. Above and beyond this, the development and the problems of pluralism and democracy are explored in the context of the process of modernization. The author specifically discusses the extent to which individualization, differentiation and rationalization contribute to the current political malaise in those countries which adhere to a pluralist political system.


Pdf ebook: The Politics of Knowledge in Education

Pdf download ebook The Politics of Knowledge in Education

Summary: This book explores the decline of the teaching of epistemic, conceptual knowledge in schools, its replacement with everyday social knowledge, and its relat

  • Author : Elizabeth Rata
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136302301
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 180
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1401
  • Downloads: 1401
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Description: This book explores the decline of the teaching of epistemic, conceptual knowledge in schools, its replacement with everyday social knowledge, and its relation to changes in the division of labor within the global economy. It argues that the emphasis on social knowledge in postmodern and social constructionist pedagogy compounds the problem, and examines the consequences of these changes for educational opportunity and democracy itself.


Pdf ebook: The Political Classroom

Pdf download ebook The Political Classroom

Summary: WINNER 2016 Grawemeyer Award in Education Helping students develop their ability to deliberate political questions is an essential component of democratic

  • Author : Diana E. Hess,Paula McAvoy
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317575024
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 248
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1738
  • Downloads: 1738
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Description: WINNER 2016 Grawemeyer Award in Education Helping students develop their ability to deliberate political questions is an essential component of democratic education, but introducing political issues into the classroom is pedagogically challenging and raises ethical dilemmas for teachers. Diana E. Hess and Paula McAvoy argue that teachers will make better professional judgments about these issues if they aim toward creating "political classrooms," which engage students in deliberations about questions that ask, "How should we live together?" Based on the findings from a large, mixed-method study about discussions of political issues within high school classrooms, The Political Classroom presents in-depth and engaging cases of teacher practice. Paying particular attention to how political polarization and social inequality affect classroom dynamics, Hess and McAvoy promote a coherent plan for providing students with a nonpartisan political education and for improving the quality of classroom deliberations.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics

Summary: For a long time, economic research on Africa was not seen as a profitable venture intellectually or professionally-few researchers in top-ranked institutio

  • Author : Célestin Monga,Justin Yifu Lin
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191510750
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: 608
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1068
  • Downloads: 1068
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Description: For a long time, economic research on Africa was not seen as a profitable venture intellectually or professionally-few researchers in top-ranked institutions around the world chose to become experts in the field. This was understandable: the reputation of Africa-centered economic research was not enhanced by the well-known limitations of economic data across the continent. Moreover, development economics itself was not always fashionable, and the broader discipline of economics has had its ups and downs, and has been undergoing a major identity crisis because it failed to predict the Great Recession. Times have changed: many leading researchers-including a few Nobel laureates-have taken the subject of Africa and economics seriously enough to devote their expertise and creativity to it. They have been amply rewarded: the richness, complexities, and subtleties of African societies, civilizations, rationalities, and ways of living, have helped renew the humanities and the social sciences-and economics in particular-to the point that the continent has become the next major intellectual frontier to researchers from around the world. In collecting some of the most authoritative statements about the science of economics and its concepts in the African context, this lhandbook (the first of two volumes) opens up the diverse acuity of commentary on exciting topics, and in the process challenges and stimulates the quest for knowledge. Wide-ranging in its scope, themes, language, and approaches, this volume explores, examines, and assesses economic thinking on Africa, and Africa's contribution to the discipline. The editors bring a set of powerful resources to this endeavor, most notably a team of internationally-renowned economists whose diverse viewpoints are complemented by the perspectives of philosophers, political scientists, and anthropologists.


Pdf ebook: Problems of Political Philosophy

Pdf download ebook Problems of Political Philosophy

Summary: This is both an introduction and an original contribution to political philosophy. It is not, however, a simple survey of political theories, but also give

  • Author : D. D. Raphael
  • Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN: 1349209961
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 232
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1477
  • Downloads: 1477
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Description: This is both an introduction and an original contribution to political philosophy. It is not, however, a simple survey of political theories, but also gives the reader an example of philosophical thinking about political ideas.


Pdf ebook: Experts and Democratic Legitimacy

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Summary: Experts and Democratic Legitimacy challenges the technocratic reading of expert bodies, such as central banks, advisory committees and regulatory agencies.

  • Author : Eva Krick,Cathrine Holst
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 100074051X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 136
  • Language: English
  • Views: 394
  • Downloads: 394
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Description: Experts and Democratic Legitimacy challenges the technocratic reading of expert bodies, such as central banks, advisory committees and regulatory agencies. Expert contributors ask in what way expert bodies are subject to some of the key pressures in contemporary governance, such as democratisation, politicisation and expertisation. Based on empirical studies, the book traces the multiple social ties of expert bodies and refines the common perception of expert bodies as ‘de-politicised’ institutions that are detached from political interference and societal input. It further theorises the tension and reconcilability between reliable, independent expert knowledge on the one hand and the need for accountability and legitimacy in modern policy-making on the other hand. Refining the detached, de-politicised image of non-majoritarian institutions, Experts and Democratic Legitimacy will be of great interest to scholars of European studies, political and social theory, modern governance and policy-making. This book was originally published as a special issue of European Politics and Society.


Pdf ebook: Philosophy of Meaning, Knowledge and Value in the 20th Century

Pdf download ebook Philosophy of Meaning, Knowledge and Value in the 20th Century

Summary: The twentieth century brought enormous change to subjects such as language, metaphysics, ethics and epistemology. This volume covers the major developments

  • Author : John V. Canfield
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113676741X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 504
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1495
  • Downloads: 1495
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Description: The twentieth century brought enormous change to subjects such as language, metaphysics, ethics and epistemology. This volume covers the major developments in these areas and more.


Pdf ebook: Handbook of Democratic Innovation and Governance

Pdf download ebook Handbook of Democratic Innovation and Governance

Summary: Democratic innovations are proliferating in politics, governance, policy, and public administration. These new processes of public participation are reimag

  • Author : Stephen Elstub,Oliver Escobar
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1786433869
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 624
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1187
  • Downloads: 1187
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Description: Democratic innovations are proliferating in politics, governance, policy, and public administration. These new processes of public participation are reimagining the relationship between citizens and institutions. This Handbook advances understanding of democratic innovations, in theory and practice, by critically reviewing their importance throughout the world. The overarching themes are a focus on citizens and their relationship to these innovations, and the resulting effects on political equality. The Handbook therefore offers a definitive overview of existing research on democratic innovations, while also setting the agenda for future research and practice.


Pdf ebook: Democracy – The God That Failed

Pdf download ebook Democracy – The God That Failed

Summary: The core of this book is a systematic treatment of the historic transformation of the West from monarchy to democracy. Revisionist in nature, it reaches th

  • Author : Hans-Hermann Hoppe
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351522965
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 220
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1317
  • Downloads: 1317
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Description: The core of this book is a systematic treatment of the historic transformation of the West from monarchy to democracy. Revisionist in nature, it reaches the conclusion that monarchy is a lesser evil than democracy, but outlines deficiencies in both. Its methodology is axiomatic-deductive, allowing the writer to derive economic and sociological theorems, and then apply them to interpret historical events. A compelling chapter on time preference describes the progress of civilization as lowering time preferences as capital structure is built, and explains how the interaction between people can lower time all around, with interesting parallels to the Ricardian Law of Association. By focusing on this transformation, the author is able to interpret many historical phenomena, such as rising levels of crime, degeneration of standards of conduct and morality, and the growth of the mega-state. In underscoring the deficiencies of both monarchy and democracy, the author demonstrates how these systems are both inferior to a natural order based on private-property. Hoppe deconstructs the classical liberal belief in the possibility of limited government and calls for an alignment of conservatism and libertarianism as natural allies with common goals. He defends the proper role of the production of defense as undertaken by insurance companies on a free market, and describes the emergence of private law among competing insurers. Having established a natural order as superior on utilitarian grounds, the author goes on to assess the prospects for achieving a natural order. Informed by his analysis of the deficiencies of social democracy, and armed with the social theory of legitimation, he forsees secession as the likely future of the US and Europe, resulting in a multitude of region and city-states. This book complements the author's previous work defending the ethics of private property and natural order. Democracy - The God that Failed will be of interest to scholars and students of history, political economy, and political philosophy.