Pdf ebook: Dark Threats and White Knights

Pdf download ebook Dark Threats and White Knights

Summary: Somalia. March 4, 1993. Two Somalis are shot in the back by Canadian peacekeepers, one fatally. Barely two weeks later, sixteen-year-old Shidane Abukar Aro

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442659157
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 230
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1541
  • Downloads: 1541
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Description: Somalia. March 4, 1993. Two Somalis are shot in the back by Canadian peacekeepers, one fatally. Barely two weeks later, sixteen-year-old Shidane Abukar Arone is tortured to death. Dozens of Canadian soldiers look on or know of the torture. The first reports of what became known in Canada as the Somalia Affair challenged national claims to a special expertise in peacekeeping and to a society free of racism. Today, however, despite a national inquiry into the deployment of troops to Somalia, what most Canadians are likely to associate with peacekeeping is the nation's glorious role as peacekeeper to the world. Moments of peacekeeping violence are attributed to a few bad apples, bad generals, and a rogue regiment. In Dark Threats and White Knights, Sherene H. Razack explores the racism implicit in the Somalia Affair and what it has to do with modern peacekeeping. Examining the records of military trials and the public inquiry, Razack weaves together two threads: that of the violence itself and what would drive men to commit such atrocities, and secondly, the ways in which peacekeeping violence is largely forgiven and ultimately forgotten. Race disappears from public memory and what is installed in its place is a story about an innocent, morally superior middle-power nation obliged to discipline and sort out barbaric third world nations. Modern peacekeeping, Razack concludes, maintains a colour line between a family of white nations constructed as civilized and a third world constructed as a dark threat, a world in which violence is not only condoned but seen as necessary.


Pdf ebook: Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention

Pdf download ebook Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention

Summary: Human rights, peacekeeping, and humanitarian intervention have emerged in the past decades as important components of international law and practice. Adopt

  • Author : Elizabeth M. Bruch
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317274946
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 192
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1549
  • Downloads: 1549
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Description: Human rights, peacekeeping, and humanitarian intervention have emerged in the past decades as important components of international law and practice. Adopting a methodology of Institutional Ethnography informed by Actor-Network Theory, this book traces the practices of law and expertise from global IGO headquarters to the ‘field’ and back again, and through various contemporary field missions from Bosnia to Afghanistan and East Timor to Sierra Leone. It answers several fundamental questions: How is human rights law engaged in ‘establishing the peace,’ ‘rebuilding the nation,’ and ‘restoring the rule of law’ in post-conflict situations? How do human rights experts use law in their everyday work in the context of humanitarian intervention? How are law and expertise established, sustained and transformed in the field? Offering a complex and nuanced explanation of humanitarian intervention based upon a multi-dimensional understanding of law and power, this book will be of interest and use to scholars, students and practitioners in international law and policy, human rights, and humanitarian intervention. Its cross-disciplinary approach should also appeal to the professional communities engaged directly and indirectly with projects of humanitarian intervention – including staff at inter-governmental organizations, international lawyers and practitioners, and activists.


Pdf ebook: Canada and the Third World

Pdf download ebook Canada and the Third World

Summary: Even though they are aware of the Third World in relation to their daily lives, most Canadians know little about the historical foundations and complex nat

  • Author : Karen Dubinsky,Sean Mills,Scott Rutherford
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442606894
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 304
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1954
  • Downloads: 1954
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Description: Even though they are aware of the Third World in relation to their daily lives, most Canadians know little about the historical foundations and complex nature of their country's entanglements with non-Western societies. Canada and the Third World provides a long overdue introduction to Canada's historical relationship with the Third World. The book critically explores this relationship by asking four central questions: how can we understand the historical roots of Canada's relations with the Third World? How have Canadians, individuals and institutions alike, practiced and imagined development? How can we integrate Canada into global histories of empire, decolonization, and development? And how should we understand the relationship between issues such as poverty, racism, gender equality, and community development in the First and Third World alike?


Pdf ebook: Unbecoming Nationalism

Pdf download ebook Unbecoming Nationalism

Summary: Canada’s recent sesquicentennial celebrations were the latest in a long, steady progression of Canadian cultural memory projects. Unbecoming Nationalism

  • Author : Helene Vosters
  • Publisher: Univ. of Manitoba Press
  • ISBN: 0887555853
  • Genre: Art
  • Number of Pages: 272
  • Language: English
  • Views: 306
  • Downloads: 306
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Description: Canada’s recent sesquicentennial celebrations were the latest in a long, steady progression of Canadian cultural memory projects. Unbecoming Nationalism investigates the power of commemorative performances in the production of nationalist narratives. Using “unbecoming” as a theoretical framework to unsettle or decolonize nationalist narratives, Helene Vosters examines an eclectic range of both state-sponsored social memory projects and counter-memorial projects to reveal and unravel the threads connecting reverential military commemoration, celebratory cultural nationalism, and white settler-colonial nationalism. Vosters brings readings of institutional, aesthetic, and activist performances of Canadian military commemoration, settler-colonial nationalism, and redress into conversation with literature that examines the relationship between memory, violence, and nationalism from the disciplinary arenas of performance studies, Canadian studies, critical race and Indigenous studies, memory studies, and queer and gender studies. In addition to using performance as a theoretical framework, Vosters uses performance to enact a philosophy of praxis and embodied theory.


Pdf ebook: Exploring Race in Predominantly White Classrooms

Pdf download ebook Exploring Race in Predominantly White Classrooms

Summary: Although multicultural education has made significant gains in recent years, with many courses specifically devoted to the topic in both undergraduate and

  • Author : George Yancy,Maria del Guadalupe Davidson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135045011
  • Genre: Education
  • Number of Pages: 241
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1375
  • Downloads: 1375
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Description: Although multicultural education has made significant gains in recent years, with many courses specifically devoted to the topic in both undergraduate and graduate education programs, and more scholars of color teaching in these programs, these victories bring with them a number of pedagogic dilemmas. Most students in these programs are not themselves students of color, meaning the topics and the faculty teaching them are often faced with groups of students whose backgrounds and perspectives may be decidedly different – even hostile – to multicultural pedagogy and curriculum. This edited collection brings together an interdisciplinary group of scholars of color to critically examine what it is like to explore race in predominantly white classrooms. It delves into the challenges academics face while dealing with the wide range of responses from both White students and students of color, and provides a powerful overview of how teachers of color highlight the continued importance and existence of race and racism. Exploring Race in Predominately White Classrooms is an essential resource for any educator interested in exploring race within the context of today’s classrooms


Pdf ebook: Warrior Nation

Pdf download ebook Warrior Nation

Summary: Once known for peacekeeping, Canada is becoming a militarized nation whose apostles—the New Warriors—are fighting to shift public opinion. New Warrior

  • Author : Ian McKay,Jamie Swift
  • Publisher: Between the Lines
  • ISBN: 1771130008
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 422
  • Language: English
  • Views: 855
  • Downloads: 855
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Description: Once known for peacekeeping, Canada is becoming a militarized nation whose apostles—the New Warriors—are fighting to shift public opinion. New Warrior zealots seek to transform postwar CanadaÍs central myth-symbols. Peaceable kingdom. Just society. Multicultural tolerance. Reasoned public debate. Their replacements? A warrior nation. Authoritarian leadership. Permanent political polarization. The tales cast a vivid light on a story that is crucial to Canada's future; yet they are also compelling history. Swashbuckling marauder William Stairs, the Royal Military College graduate who helped make the Congo safe for European pillage. Vimy Ridge veteran and Second World War general Tommy Burns, leader of the UN's first big peacekeeping operation, a soldier who would come to call imperialism 'the monster of the age.' Governor General John Buchan, a concentration camp developer and race theorist who is exalted in the Harper government's new Citizenship Guide. And that uniquely Canadian paradox, Lester Pearson. Warrior Nation is an essential read for those concerned by the relentless effort to conscript Canadian history.


Pdf ebook: The History and Practice of Humanitarian Intervention and Aid in Africa

Pdf download ebook The History and Practice of Humanitarian Intervention and Aid in Africa

Summary: The history of humanitarian intervention has often overlooked Africa. This book brings together perspectives from history, cultural studies, international

  • Author : B. Everill,J. Kaplan
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137270020
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 250
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1224
  • Downloads: 1224
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Description: The history of humanitarian intervention has often overlooked Africa. This book brings together perspectives from history, cultural studies, international relations, policy, and non-governmental organizations to analyze the themes, continuities and discontinuities in Western humanitarian engagement with Africa.


Pdf ebook: Ritual, Media, and Conflict

Pdf download ebook Ritual, Media, and Conflict

Summary: Rituals can provoke or escalate conflict, but they can also mediate it and although conflict is a normal aspect of human life, mass media technologies are

  • Author : Ronald L. Grimes,Ute Husken,Udo Simon,Eric Venbrux
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199831302
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 789
  • Downloads: 789
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Description: Rituals can provoke or escalate conflict, but they can also mediate it and although conflict is a normal aspect of human life, mass media technologies are changing the dynamics of conflict and shaping strategies for deploying rituals. This collection of essays emerged from a two-year project based on collaboration between the Faculty of Religious Studies at Radboud University Nijmegen in the Netherlands and the Ritual Dynamics Collaborative Research Center at the University of Heidelberg in Germany. An interdisciplinary team of twenty-four scholars locates, describes, and explores cases in which media-driven rituals or ritually saturated media instigate, disseminate, or escalate conflict. Each multi-authored chapter is built around global and local examples of ritualized, mediatized conflict. The book's central question is: "When ritual and media interact (either by the mediatizing of ritual or by the ritualizing of media), how do the patterns of conflict change?"


Pdf ebook: Remembering Air India

Pdf download ebook Remembering Air India

Summary: On June 23, 1985, the bombing of Air India Flight 182 killed 329 people, most of them Canadians. Today this pivotal event in Canada’s history is hazily r

  • Author : Chandrima Chakraborty,Amber Dean,Angela Failler
  • Publisher: University of Alberta
  • ISBN: 1772123110
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Views: 844
  • Downloads: 844
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Description: On June 23, 1985, the bombing of Air India Flight 182 killed 329 people, most of them Canadians. Today this pivotal event in Canada’s history is hazily remembered, yet certain interests have shaped how the tragedy is woven into public memory, and even exploited to advance a pernicious national narrative. Remembering Air India insists that we “remember Air India otherwise.” This collection investigates the Air India bombing and its implications for current debates about racism, terrorism, and citizenship. Drawing together academic analysis, testimony, visual arts, and creative writing, this innovative volume tenders a new public record of the bombing, one that shows how important creative responses are for deepening our understanding of the event and its aftermath. Contributions by: Cassel Busse, Chandrima Chakraborty, Amber Dean, Rita Kaur Dhamoon, Angela Failler, Teresa Hubel, Suvir Kaul, Elan Marchinko, Eisha Marjara, Bharati Mukherjee, Lata Pada, Uma Parameswaran, Sherene H. Razack, Renée Sarojini Saklikar, Maya Seshia, Karen Sharma, Deon Venter, Padma Viswanathan


Pdf ebook: Canada's 1960s

Pdf download ebook Canada's 1960s

Summary: Rebellious youth, the Cold War, New Left radicalism, Pierre Trudeau, Red Power, Quebec's call for Revolution, Marshall McLuhan: these are just some of the

  • Author : Bryan Palmer
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442693355
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1592
  • Downloads: 1592
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Description: Rebellious youth, the Cold War, New Left radicalism, Pierre Trudeau, Red Power, Quebec's call for Revolution, Marshall McLuhan: these are just some of the major forces and figures that come to mind at the slightest mention of the 1960s in Canada. Focusing on the major movements and personalities of the time, as well as the lasting influence of the period, Canada's 1960s examines the legacy of this rebellious decade's impact on contemporary notions of Canadian identity. Bryan D. Palmer demonstrates how after massive postwar immigration, new political movements, and at times violent protest, Canada could no longer be viewed in the old ways. National identity, long rooted in notions of Canada as a white settler Dominion of the North, marked profoundly by its origins as part of the British Empire, had become unsettled. Concerned with how Canadians entered the Sixties relatively secure in their national identities, Palmer explores the forces that contributed to the post-1970 uncertainty about what it is to be Canadian. Tracing the significance of dissent and upheaval among youth, trade unionists, university students, Native peoples, and Quebecois, Palmer shows how the Sixties ended the entrenched, nineteenth-century notions of Canada. The irony of this rebellious era, however, was that while it promised so much in the way of change, it failed to provide a new understanding of Canadian national identity. A compelling and highly accessible work of interpretive history, Canada's 1960s is the book of the decade about an era many regard as the most turbulent and significant since the years of the Great Depression and World War II.


Pdf ebook: The Canadian War on Queers

Pdf download ebook The Canadian War on Queers

Summary: From the 1950s to the late 1990s, agents of the state spied on, interrogated, and harassed gays and lesbians in Canada, employing social ideologies and oth

  • Author : Gary Kinsman,Patrizia Gentile
  • Publisher: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 0774859024
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 584
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1670
  • Downloads: 1670
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Description: From the 1950s to the late 1990s, agents of the state spied on, interrogated, and harassed gays and lesbians in Canada, employing social ideologies and other practices to construct their targets as threats to society. Based on official security documents and interviews with gays, lesbians, civil servants, and high-ranking officials, this path-breaking book discloses acts of state repression and forms of resistance that raise questions about just whose national security was being protected. Passionate and personalized, this account of how the state used the ideology of national security to wage war on its own people offers ways of understanding, and resisting, contemporary conflicts such as the "war on terror."


Pdf ebook: Whiteness Fractured

Pdf download ebook Whiteness Fractured

Summary: Whiteness Fractured examines the many ways in which whiteness is conceptualized today and how it is understood to operate and to effect social relationship

  • Author : Cynthia Levine-Rasky
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134764634
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1473
  • Downloads: 1473
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Description: Whiteness Fractured examines the many ways in which whiteness is conceptualized today and how it is understood to operate and to effect social relationships. Exploring the intersections between whiteness, social class, ethnicity and psychosocial phenomena, this book is framed by the question of how whiteness works and what it does. With attention to central concepts and the history of whiteness, it explains the four ways in which whiteness works. In its examination of the outward and inward fractures of whiteness, the book sheds light on both its connections with social class and ethnicity and with the 'epistemology of ignorance' and the psychoanalytic. Representing the long career of whiteness on the one hand and investigating its expansion into new areas on the other, Whiteness Fractured reflects the growing maturity of critical whiteness studies. It undertakes a critical analysis of approaches to whiteness and proposes new directions for future action and enquiry. As such, it will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in race and ethnicity, intersectionality, colonialism and post-colonialism, and cultural studies.


Pdf ebook: Israel, Palestine and the Politics of Race

Pdf download ebook Israel, Palestine and the Politics of Race

Summary: As the situation in Israel/Palestine seems to become ever more intractable and protracted, the need for new ways of looking at recent developments and thei

  • Author : Yasmeen Abu-Laban,Abigail B. Bakan
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 183860880X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1485
  • Downloads: 1485
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Description: As the situation in Israel/Palestine seems to become ever more intractable and protracted, the need for new ways of looking at recent developments and their historical roots is more pressing than ever. Bearing this in mind, Yasmeen Abu-Laban and Abigail B. Bakan discuss the historic and contemporary dynamics in Israel/Palestine, and their international reverberations, from the unique vantage point of 'race', racialization, racism and anti-racism. They therefore offer close analysis of the 'idea' of Israel and the 'absence' of Palestine by examining the concepts of race and identity in the region. With fresh coverage of themes relating to gender, Idigeneity, the environment , surveillance and the war on terror, Israel, Palestine and the Politics of Race will appeal to scholars in political science, sociology and Middle East studies.


Pdf ebook: Land of Blue Helmets

Pdf download ebook Land of Blue Helmets

Summary: Born in 1945, the United Nations came to life in the Arab world. It was there that the UN dealt with early diplomatic challenges that helped shape its inst

  • Author : Karim Makdisi,Vijay Prashad
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520961986
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 552
  • Language: English
  • Views: 658
  • Downloads: 658
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Description: Born in 1945, the United Nations came to life in the Arab world. It was there that the UN dealt with early diplomatic challenges that helped shape its institutions such as peacekeeping and political mediation. It was also there that the UN found itself trapped in, and sometimes part of, confounding geopolitical tensions in key international conflicts in the Cold War and post–Cold War periods, such as hostilities between Palestine and Iraq and between Libya and Syria. Much has changed over the past seven decades, but what has not changed is the central role played by the UN. This book’s claim is that the UN is a constant site of struggle in the Arab world and equally that the Arab world serves as a location for the UN to define itself against the shifting politics of its age. Looking at the UN from the standpoint of the Arab world, this volume collects some of the finest scholars and practitioners writing about the potential and the problems of a UN that is framed by both the promises of its Charter and the contradictions of its member states. This is a landmark book—a close and informed study of the UN in the region that taught the organization how to do its many jobs.


Pdf ebook: Gender and Peacebuilding

Pdf download ebook Gender and Peacebuilding

Summary: Gender and Peacebuilding offers a comprehensive and up to date analysis of how and why gender matters in contemporary peace operations. It draws on a wide

  • Author : Claire Duncanson
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745682553
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 240
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1528
  • Downloads: 1528
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Description: Gender and Peacebuilding offers a comprehensive and up to date analysis of how and why gender matters in contemporary peace operations. It draws on a wide range of examples from across the world to offer a nuanced account of the UN's attempts to mainstream gender into peace operations via Security Council Resolution 1325, and assesses the successes and failures of this effort to enhance the participation and protection of women and girls in peacebuilding operations. In presenting this mixed picture of progress and ongoing challenges, the book argues for bold steps forward that will enable peacebuilding to contest the current neoliberal order, address structural inequalities, and bring about feminist visions of peace and security. It is only by focusing attention on the economic empowerment of women and its ability to temper the dangers of neo-liberalism in post-conflict contexts that feminists can hope to achieve these aims. Timely, critical and engaged, this book provides an invaluable guide to the issues for students of peace and conflict studies, and sets the agenda for future scholarship and advocacy.


Pdf ebook: Rethinking the Great White North

Pdf download ebook Rethinking the Great White North

Summary: Canadian national identity is bound to the idea of a Great White North. Images of snow, wilderness, and emptiness seem innocent, yet this path-breaking boo

  • Author : Andrew Baldwin,Laura Cameron,Audrey Kobayashi
  • Publisher: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 0774820160
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 356
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1130
  • Downloads: 1130
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Description: Canadian national identity is bound to the idea of a Great White North. Images of snow, wilderness, and emptiness seem innocent, yet this path-breaking book reveals they contain the seeds of racism. Informed by the insight that racism is geographical as well as historical and cultural, the contributors trace how notions of race, whiteness, and nature helped construct a white country in travel writing and treaty making; in scientific research and park planning; and in towns, cities, and tourist centres. Rethinking the Great White North offers a new vocabulary for contemporary debates on Canada's role in the North and the meaning of the nation.


Pdf ebook: Feminist Philosophy and the Problem of Evil

Pdf download ebook Feminist Philosophy and the Problem of Evil

Summary: Any glance at the contemporary history of the world shows that the problem of evil is a central concern for people everywhere. In the last few years, terro

  • Author : Robin May Schott
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0253027748
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Views: 557
  • Downloads: 557
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Description: Any glance at the contemporary history of the world shows that the problem of evil is a central concern for people everywhere. In the last few years, terrorist attacks, suicide bombings, and ethnic and religious wars have only emphasized humanity’s seemingly insatiable capacity for violence. In Feminist Philosophy and the Problem of Evil, Robin May Schott brings an international group of contemporary feminist philosophers into debates on evil and terrorism. The invaluable essays collected here consider gender-specific evils such as the Salem witch trials, women’s suffering during the Holocaust, mass rape in Bosnia, and repression under the Taliban, as well as more generalized acts of violence such as the 9/11 bombings, the Madrid train station bombings, and violence against political prisoners. Readers of this sobering volume will find resources for understanding the vulnerability of human existence and what is at stake in the problem of evil.


Pdf ebook: 'Honour' Killing and Violence

Pdf download ebook 'Honour' Killing and Violence

Summary: In this interdisciplinary collection leading experts and scholars from criminology, psychology, law and history provide a compelling analysis of practices

  • Author : Aisha K. Gill,C. Strange,K. Roberts
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137289562
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 244
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1931
  • Downloads: 1931
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Description: In this interdisciplinary collection leading experts and scholars from criminology, psychology, law and history provide a compelling analysis of practices and beliefs that lead to violence against women, men and children in the name 'honour'.


Pdf ebook: Children of the Camp

Pdf download ebook Children of the Camp

Summary: Chronic violence has characterized Somalia for over two decades, forcing nearly two million people to flee. A significant number have settled in camps in n

  • Author : Catherine-Lune Grayson
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785336320
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Views: 488
  • Downloads: 488
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Description: Chronic violence has characterized Somalia for over two decades, forcing nearly two million people to flee. A significant number have settled in camps in neighboring countries, where children were born and raised. Based on in-depth fieldwork, this book explores the experience of Somalis who grew up in Kakuma refugee camp, in Kenya, and are now young adults. This original study carefully considers how young people perceive their living environment and how growing up in exile structures their view of the past and their country of origin, and the future and its possibilities.


Pdf ebook: Indian Migration and Empire

Pdf download ebook Indian Migration and Empire

Summary: How did states come to monopolize control over migration? What do the processes that produced this monopoly tell us about the modern state? In Indian Migra

  • Author : Radhika Mongia
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822372118
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 248
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1452
  • Downloads: 1452
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Description: How did states come to monopolize control over migration? What do the processes that produced this monopoly tell us about the modern state? In Indian Migration and Empire Radhika Mongia provocatively argues that the formation of colonial migration regulations was dependent upon, accompanied by, and generative of profound changes in normative conceptions of the modern state. Focused on state regulation of colonial Indian migration between 1834 and 1917, Mongia illuminates the genesis of central techniques of migration control. She shows how important elements of current migration regimes, including the notion of state sovereignty as embodying the authority to control migration, the distinction between free and forced migration, the emergence of passports, the formation of migration bureaucracies, and the incorporation of kinship relations into migration logics, are the product of complex debates that attended colonial migrations. By charting how state control of migration was critical to the transformation of a world dominated by empire-states into a world dominated by nation-states, Mongia challenges positions that posit a stark distinction between the colonial state and the modern state to trace aspects of their entanglements.