Pdf ebook: From Neurons to Neighborhoods

Pdf download ebook From Neurons to Neighborhoods

Summary: How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309132835
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 612
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1808
  • Downloads: 1808
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Description: How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. The committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. Authoritative yet accessible, From Neurons to Neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. It examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.


Pdf ebook: Beneath the Cortical Surface

Pdf download ebook Beneath the Cortical Surface

Summary: For the interested medical or neuroscience student, or for trainees in neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, Edison K. Miyawaki summarizes years of thin

  • Author : Edison K. Miyawaki M.D.
  • Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
  • ISBN: 1984585673
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 150
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1167
  • Downloads: 1167
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Description: For the interested medical or neuroscience student, or for trainees in neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, Edison K. Miyawaki summarizes years of thinking about structures deep to the brain’s cortical surface. Addressing topics alphabetically, he describes relevant anatomy in humans and other vertebrates, and incorporates advances in subcortical physiology in his discussion. He maintains that knowledge about the relationship between cortex and subcortex is vital not only to an understanding of movement, but also to a deeper sense of our conduct in space and time. Beneath the Cortical Surface is an accessible dictionary regarding how the brain works as a whole.


Pdf ebook: Big Brain

Pdf download ebook Big Brain

Summary: Our big brains, our language ability, and our intelligence make us uniquely human. But barely 10,000 years ago (a mere blip in evolutionary time) human-lik

  • Author : Gary Lynch,Richard Granger
  • Publisher: St. Martin's Press
  • ISBN: 9780230611467
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 272
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1076
  • Downloads: 1076
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Description: Our big brains, our language ability, and our intelligence make us uniquely human. But barely 10,000 years ago (a mere blip in evolutionary time) human-like creatures called "Boskops" flourished in South Africa. They possessed extraordinary features: forebrains roughly 50% larger than ours, and estimated IQs to match--far surpassing our own. Many of these huge fossil skulls have been discovered over the last century, but most of us have never heard of this scientific marvel. Prominent neuroscientists Gary Lynch and Richard Granger compare the contents of the Boskop brain and our own brains today, and arrive at startling conclusions about our intelligence and creativity. Connecting cutting-edge theories of genetics, evolution, language, memory, learning, and intelligence, Lynch and Granger show the implications of large brains for a broad array of fields, from the current state of the art in Alzheimer's and other brain disorders, to new advances in brain-based robots that see and converse with us, and the means by which neural prosthetics-- replacement parts for the brain--are being designed and tested. The authors demystify the complexities of our brains in this fascinating and accessible book, and give us tantalizing insights into our humanity--its past, and its future.


Pdf ebook: Fundamental Neuroscience

Pdf download ebook Fundamental Neuroscience

Summary: The fourth edition of Fundamental Neuroscience reinvents itself as an engrossing and comprehensive presentation of the discipline of neuroscience, from mol

  • Author : Larry Squire,Darwin Berg,Floyd E. Bloom,Sascha du Lac,Anirvan Ghosh,Nicholas C. Spitzer
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0123858712
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 1152
  • Language: English
  • Views: 515
  • Downloads: 515
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Description: The fourth edition of Fundamental Neuroscience reinvents itself as an engrossing and comprehensive presentation of the discipline of neuroscience, from molecules to cognition. Thorough but succinct, and lavishly illustrated, the book builds from an introductory section that includes fundamental neuroanatomy and goes on to cover cellular and molecular neuroscience, development, sensory systems, motor systems, regulatory systems, and behavioral and cognitive neuroscience. The book has been retooled to better serve its audience in the neuroscience and medical communities. The chapters include more than 100 boxes describing clinical conditions, techniques, and other special topics. Each chapter went through a thorough review process, giving the book an evenness of tone. The chapters are authored by outstanding working scientists who are experts on the topics they cover. Selected for inclusion in Doody's Core Titles 2013, an essential collection development tool for health sciences libraries 30% new material including new chapters on dendritic development and spine morphogenesis, chemical senses, cerebellum, eye movements, circadian timing, sleep and dreaming, and consciousness Accompanying website for students and instructors Additional text boxes describing key experiments, disorders, methods, and concepts More than 650 four-color illustrations, micrographs, and neuroimages Multiple model system coverage beyond rats, mice, and monkeys Extensively expanded index for easier referencing


Pdf ebook: Life and the Aura of Perpetual Impermanence: The Dark Matter Inhabiter, the Pawn, and the Normal Matter Computer Brain

Pdf download ebook Life and the Aura of Perpetual Impermanence: The Dark Matter Inhabiter, the Pawn, and the Normal Matter Computer Brain

Summary: The reader takes a journey through black holes, nerve terminals, the computer brain, and the psyche. Based on years of analyzing scientific theory and spir

  • Author : Holly Marie Pollard-Wright
  • Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
  • ISBN: 1483493024
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 607
  • Downloads: 607
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Description: The reader takes a journey through black holes, nerve terminals, the computer brain, and the psyche. Based on years of analyzing scientific theory and spiritual teachings, the author has written a work that explains difficult concepts that shape and unify the universe. Throughout the book, the author highlights how dark energy and normal energy interact with the universe, how these forms of energy differ, and how individual structures of the computer brain have their own programs. A key point is that everything that constitutes our reality is, in actuality, energy forms interacting. Using the Wachowskis’ Matrix movies to bridge between the scientific and the theoretical, the movies take place in a world where “reality” is the product of a projection by artificial intelligence. Life and the Aura of Perpetual Impermanence is a fascinating metaphysical treatise on the nature of the universe and our existence—one that helps us understand how we exist within our realities.


Pdf ebook: The First Brain

Pdf download ebook The First Brain

Summary: Planarians, a class of flatworm, are extraordinary: they possess the remarkable ability to regenerate lost body parts, including complete regeneration of t

  • Author : Oné R. Pagán
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199965056
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1325
  • Downloads: 1325
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Description: Planarians, a class of flatworm, are extraordinary: they possess the remarkable ability to regenerate lost body parts, including complete regeneration of the nervous system. If cut into pieces, each piece of the planarian can regenerate into a complete organism. They are also unique among invertebrates in that they display addiction-like behaviors to many drugs abused by humans. Because of these distinct neurological traits, the planarian is often used as an animal model in neurological research, being used most recently for developments in neuropharmacology. The First Brain is a discussion of how planarians have been used in neuropharmacology, and what role they have played in scientific developments that have a high impact on our culture. Planarians have been the animal models for research in drug addiction, antidepressant development, and various other topics in biology, neurobiology, and even zoology. Pagán uses these flatworms as a framework to explore the history of biological research. The book provides accessible background information on how biomedical research is impacted by evolution, and defines neurobiology and neuropharmacology in ways that are easy to understand. At the same time, Pagán provides enough detail for the book to useful for scientists working in various subsections of biology. The planarian has played a key role in the history biological, neuropharmacological, and zoological research, and has even made appearances in a few unexpected places in popular culture. Oné Pagán explores all these roles, and shows us why the planarian truly is one of the most extraordinary and influential organisms in scientific research today.


Pdf ebook: Brain Evolution by Design

Pdf download ebook Brain Evolution by Design

Summary: This book presents a new, detailed examination that explains how elegant brains have been shaped in evolution. It consists of 19 chapters written by academ

  • Author : Shuichi Shigeno,Yasunori Murakami,Tadashi Nomura
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 4431564691
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 438
  • Language: English
  • Views: 319
  • Downloads: 319
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Description: This book presents a new, detailed examination that explains how elegant brains have been shaped in evolution. It consists of 19 chapters written by academic professionals in neuroscience, opening with the origin of single-celled creatures and then introducing primordial types in invertebrates with the great abundance of the brains of vertebrates. Important topics are provided in a timely manner, because novel techniques emerged rapidly—as seen, for examples, in the next-generation sequencers and omics approaches. With the explosion of big data, neural-related genes and molecules is now on the radar. In fact, Europe’s big science and technology projects, a €1 billion plan called the Human Brain Project and the Blue Brain Project to understand mammalian brain networks, have been launched in recent years. Furthermore, with the rise of recently advanced artificial intelligence, there is great enthusiasm for understanding the evolution of neural networks. The views from brain evolution in nature provide an essential opportunity to generate ideas for novel neuron- and brain-inspired computation. The ambition behind this book is that it will stimulate young scientists who seek a deeper understanding in order to find the basic principles shaping brains that provided higher cognitive functions in the course of evolution.


Pdf ebook: The Neurobiology of Brain and Behavioral Development

Pdf download ebook The Neurobiology of Brain and Behavioral Development

Summary: The Neurobiology of Brain and Behavioral Development provides an overview of the process of brain development, including recent discoveries on how the brai

  • Author : Robbin Gibb,Bryan Kolb
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 012804084X
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Views: 978
  • Downloads: 978
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Description: The Neurobiology of Brain and Behavioral Development provides an overview of the process of brain development, including recent discoveries on how the brain develops. This book collates and integrates these findings, weaving the latest information with core information on the neurobiology of brain development. It focuses on cortical development, but also features discussions on how the other parts of the brain wire into the developing cerebral cortex. A systems approach is used to describe the anatomical underpinnings of behavioral development, connecting anatomical and molecular features of brain development with behavioral development. The disruptors of typical brain development are discussed in appropriate sections, as is the science of epigenetics that presents a novel and instructive approach on how experiences, both individual and intergenerational, can alter features of brain development. What distinguishes this book from others in the field is its focus on both molecular mechanisms and behavioral outcomes. This body of knowledge contributes to our understanding of the fundamentals of brain plasticity and metaplasticity, both of which are also showcased in this book. Provides an up-to-date overview of the process of brain development that is suitable for use as a university textbook at an early graduate or senior undergraduate level Breadth from molecular level (Chapters 5-7) to the behavioral/cognitive level (Chapters 8-12), beginning with Chapters 1-4 providing a historical context of the ideas Integrates the neurobiology of brain development and behavior, promoting the idea that animal models inform human development Presents an emphasis on the role of epigenetics and brain plasticity in brain development and behavior


Pdf ebook: Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language

Pdf download ebook Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language

Summary: In the last ten years the neuroscience of language has matured as a field. Ten years ago, neuroimaging was just being explored for neurolinguistic question

  • Author : Brigitte Stemmer,Harry A. Whitaker
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0080564917
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Number of Pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1348
  • Downloads: 1348
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Description: In the last ten years the neuroscience of language has matured as a field. Ten years ago, neuroimaging was just being explored for neurolinguistic questions, whereas today it constitutes a routine component. At the same time there have been significant developments in linguistic and psychological theory that speak to the neuroscience of language. This book consolidates those advances into a single reference. The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language provides a comprehensive overview of this field. Divided into five sections, section one discusses methods and techniques including clinical assessment approaches, methods of mapping the human brain, and a theoretical framework for interpreting the multiple levels of neural organization that contribute to language comprehension. Section two discusses the impact imaging techniques (PET, fMRI, ERPs, electrical stimulation of language cortex, TMS) have made to language research. Section three discusses experimental approaches to the field, including disorders at different language levels in reading as well as writing and number processing. Additionally, chapters here present computational models, discuss the role of mirror systems for language, and cover brain lateralization with respect to language. Part four focuses on language in special populations, in various disease processes, and in developmental disorders. The book ends with a listing of resources in the neuroscience of language and a glossary of items and concepts to help the novice become acquainted with the field. Editors Stemmer & Whitaker prepared this book to reflect recent developments in neurolinguistics, moving the book squarely into the cognitive neuroscience of language and capturing the developments in the field over the past 7 years. History section focuses on topics that play a current role in neurolinguistics research, aphasia syndromes, and lesion analysis Includes section on neuroimaging to reflect the dramatic changes in methodology over the past decade Experimental and clinical section reflects recent developments in the field


Pdf ebook: Jane on the Brain

Pdf download ebook Jane on the Brain

Summary: An Austen scholar and therapist reveals Jane Austen's intuitive ability to imbue her characters with hallmarks of social intelligence—and how these belov

  • Author : Wendy Jones
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1681776057
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1774
  • Downloads: 1774
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Description: An Austen scholar and therapist reveals Jane Austen's intuitive ability to imbue her characters with hallmarks of social intelligence—and how these beloved works of literature can further illuminate the mind-brain connection. Why is Jane Austen so phenomenally popular? Why do we read Pride and Prejudice again and again? Why do we delight in Emma’s mischievous schemes? Why do we care that Anne Elliot of Persuasion suffers? We care because it is our biological destiny to be interested in people and their stories—the human brain is a social brain, and Austen’s characters are so believable that, for many of us, they are not just imaginary beings, but friends whom we know and love. And thanks to Austen’s ability to capture the breadth and depth of human psychology so thoroughly, we feel that she empathizes with us. Humans have a profound need for empathy, to know that we are not alone with our joys and sorrows. We see ourselves and others reflected in Austen’s work. Social intelligence is one of the most highly developed human traits when compared with other animals. How did it evolve? Why is it so valuable? Wendy Jones explores the many facets of social intelligence and juxtaposes them with the Austen cannon. Brilliantly original and insightful, this fusion of psychology, neuroscience, and literature provides a heightened understanding of one of our most beloved cultural institutions—and our own minds.


Pdf ebook: The Impassioned Life

Pdf download ebook The Impassioned Life

Summary: The Impassioned Life argues that theology’s task today is to rethink the nature of the emotions and their relation to human reason. Such rethinking is ne

  • Author : Samuel M. Powell
  • Publisher: Fortress Press
  • ISBN: 1506408079
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1798
  • Downloads: 1798
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Description: The Impassioned Life argues that theology’s task today is to rethink the nature of the emotions and their relation to human reason. Such rethinking is necessary because the Christian tradition feels ambivalently about the emotions. Armed with a commitment to body-soul dualism, many writers have equated the image of God with rationality and wondered whether emotion is an essential feature of human nature; however, the tradition has also affirmed the value of emotions such as love and compassion and has sometimes asserted the value of so-called negative emotions such as anger. The question, then, is whether the tradition’s pastoral insight into the importance of moderation and control of the emotions requires us to think dualistically about soul (identified with reason) and body (the seat of emotions). To answer this question, The Impassioned Life explores the vital resources of the Christian theological tradition and also of contemporary scientific and psychological research in order to achieve a more adequate theological understanding of the emotions and reason. At heart, it offers a holistic, integrated vision of the Christian life lived passionately in its full range of human feeling as life in the Spirit.


Pdf ebook: Creating Brain-Like Intelligence

Pdf download ebook Creating Brain-Like Intelligence

Summary: TheInternationalSymposiumCreatingBrain-LikeIntelligencewasheldinFeb- ary 2007 in Germany. The symposium brought together notable scientists from di?erent b

  • Author : Bernhard Sendhoff,Edgar Körner,Olaf Sporns,Helge Ritter,Kenji Doya
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3642006167
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 351
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1242
  • Downloads: 1242
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Description: TheInternationalSymposiumCreatingBrain-LikeIntelligencewasheldinFeb- ary 2007 in Germany. The symposium brought together notable scientists from di?erent backgrounds and with di?erent expertise related to the emerging ?eld of brain-like intelligence. Our understanding of the principles behind brain-like intelligence is still limited. After all, we have had to acknowledge that after tremendous advances in areas like neural networks, computational and arti?cial intelligence (a ?eld that had just celebrated its 50 year anniversary) and fuzzy systems, we are still not able to mimic even the lower-level sensory capabilities of humans or animals. We asked what the biggest obstacles are and how we could gain ground toward a scienti?c understanding of the autonomy, ?exibility, and robustness of intelligent biological systems as they strive to survive. New principles are usually found at the interfaces between existing disciplines, and traditional boundaries between disciplines have to be broken down to see how complex systems become simple and how the puzzle can be assembled. During the symposium we could identify some recurring themes that p- vaded many of the talks and discussions. The triad of structure, dynamics and environment,theroleoftheenvironmentasanactivepartnerinshapingsystems, adaptivity on all scales (learning, development, evolution) and the amalga- tion of an internal and external world in brain-like intelligence rate high among them. Each of us is rooted in a certain community which we have to serve with the results of our research. Looking beyond our ?elds and working at the interfaces between established areas of research requires e?ort and an active process.


Pdf ebook: Living machines

Pdf download ebook Living machines

Summary: Contemporary research in the field of robotics attempts to harness the versatility and sustainability of living organisms. By exploiting those natural prin

  • Author : Tony J. Prescott,Nathan Lepora,Paul F. M. J Verschure
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191666815
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 632
  • Language: English
  • Views: 842
  • Downloads: 842
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Description: Contemporary research in the field of robotics attempts to harness the versatility and sustainability of living organisms. By exploiting those natural principles, scientists hope to render a renewable, adaptable, and robust class of technology that can facilitate self-repairing, social, and moral—even conscious—machines. This is the realm of robotics that scientists call "the living machine". Living Machines can be divided into two entities-biomimetic systems, those that harness the principles discovered in nature and embody them in new artifacts, and biohybrid systems, which couple biological entities with synthetic ones. Living Machines: A handbook of research in biomimetic and biohybrid systems surveys this flourishing area of research. It captures the current state of play and points to the opportunities ahead, addressing such fields as self-organization and co-operativity, biologically-inspired active materials, self-assembly and self-repair, learning, memory, control architectures and self-regulation, locomotion in air, on land or in water, perception, cognition, control, and communication. In all of these areas, the potential of biomimetics is shown through the construction of a wide range of different biomimetic devices and animal-like robots. Biohybrid systems is a relatively new field, with exciting and largely unknown potential, but one that is likely to shape the future of humanity. Chapters outline current research in areas including brain-machine interfaces-where neurons are connected to microscopic sensors and actuators-and various forms of intelligent prostheses from sensory devices like artificial retinas, to life-like artificial limbs, brain implants, and virtual reality-based rehabilitation approaches. The handbook concludes by exploring the impact living machine technology will have on both society and the individual, by forcing human beings to question how we see and understand ourselves. With contributions from leading researchers drawing on ideas from science, engineering, and the humanities, this handbook will appeal to both undergraduate and postgraduate students of biomimetic and biohybrid technologies. Researchers in the areas of computational modeling and engineering, including artificial intelligence, machine learning, artificial life, biorobotics, neurorobotics, and human-machine interfaces, will find Living Machines an invaluable resource.


Pdf ebook: Brain Mapping

Pdf download ebook Brain Mapping

Summary: Brain Mapping: A Comprehensive Reference offers foundational information for students and researchers across neuroscience. With over 300 articles and a med

  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0123973163
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 2658
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1046
  • Downloads: 1046
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Description: Brain Mapping: A Comprehensive Reference offers foundational information for students and researchers across neuroscience. With over 300 articles and a media rich environment, this resource provides exhaustive coverage of the methods and systems involved in brain mapping, fully links the data to disease (presenting side by side maps of healthy and diseased brains for direct comparisons), and offers data sets and fully annotated color images. Each entry is built on a layered approach of the content – basic information for those new to the area and more detailed material for experienced readers. Edited and authored by the leading experts in the field, this work offers the most reputable, easily searchable content with cross referencing across articles, a one-stop reference for students, researchers and teaching faculty. Broad overview of neuroimaging concepts with applications across the neurosciences and biomedical research Fully annotated color images and videos for best comprehension of concepts Layered content for readers of different levels of expertise Easily searchable entries for quick access of reputable information Live reference links to ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed


Pdf ebook: The Autumn Brain Seminars

Pdf download ebook The Autumn Brain Seminars

Summary: In 2018 and 2019, a teacher penned short books whose aim was to instruct neuroanatomy not in the manner of textbooks, but rather by exploring honest questi

  • Author : Edison K. Miyawaki M.D.
  • Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
  • ISBN: 1664198709
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 248
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1725
  • Downloads: 1725
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Description: In 2018 and 2019, a teacher penned short books whose aim was to instruct neuroanatomy not in the manner of textbooks, but rather by exploring honest questions raised in the study of human brain structure. Why is there a crossed organization of pathways? Why has the frontal brain been implicated in language? How does one navigate the brainstem as if in a very familiar place? In this first of two volumes, Miyawaki addresses the three queries in a new edition of his prior work. The Autumn Brain Seminars is a summation of his decades of teaching in hospitals and classrooms.


Pdf ebook: Principles of Systems Science

Pdf download ebook Principles of Systems Science

Summary: This pioneering text provides a comprehensive introduction to systems structure, function, and modeling as applied in all fields of science and engineering

  • Author : George E. Mobus,Michael C. Kalton
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1493919202
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 755
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1175
  • Downloads: 1175
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Description: This pioneering text provides a comprehensive introduction to systems structure, function, and modeling as applied in all fields of science and engineering. Systems understanding is increasingly recognized as a key to a more holistic education and greater problem solving skills, and is also reflected in the trend toward interdisciplinary approaches to research on complex phenomena. While the concepts and components of systems science will continue to be distributed throughout the various disciplines, undergraduate degree programs in systems science are also being developed, including at the authors’ own institutions. However, the subject is approached, systems science as a basis for understanding the components and drivers of phenomena at all scales should be viewed with the same importance as a traditional liberal arts education. Principles of Systems Science contains many graphs, illustrations, side bars, examples, and problems to enhance understanding. From basic principles of organization, complexity, abstract representations, and behavior (dynamics) to deeper aspects such as the relations between information, knowledge, computation, and system control, to higher order aspects such as auto-organization, emergence and evolution, the book provides an integrated perspective on the comprehensive nature of systems. It ends with practical aspects such as systems analysis, computer modeling, and systems engineering that demonstrate how the knowledge of systems can be used to solve problems in the real world. Each chapter is broken into parts beginning with qualitative descriptions that stand alone for students who have taken intermediate algebra. The second part presents quantitative descriptions that are based on pre-calculus and advanced algebra, providing a more formal treatment for students who have the necessary mathematical background. Numerous examples of systems from every realm of life, including the physical and biological sciences, humanities, social sciences, engineering, pre-med and pre-law, are based on the fundamental systems concepts of boundaries, components as subsystems, processes as flows of materials, energy, and messages, work accomplished, functions performed, hierarchical structures, and more. Understanding these basics enables further understanding both of how systems endure and how they may become increasingly complex and exhibit new properties or characteristics. Serves as a textbook for teaching systems fundamentals in any discipline or for use in an introductory course in systems science degree programs Addresses a wide range of audiences with different levels of mathematical sophistication Includes open-ended questions in special boxes intended to stimulate integrated thinking and class discussion Describes numerous examples of systems in science and society Captures the trend towards interdisciplinary research and problem solving


Pdf ebook: Neurobiology of Social Behavior

Pdf download ebook Neurobiology of Social Behavior

Summary: Social neuroscience is a rapidly growing, interdisciplinary field which is devoted to understanding how social behavior is regulated by the brain, and how

  • Author : Michael Numan
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0123914752
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 358
  • Language: English
  • Views: 586
  • Downloads: 586
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Description: Social neuroscience is a rapidly growing, interdisciplinary field which is devoted to understanding how social behavior is regulated by the brain, and how such behaviors in turn influence brain and biology. Existing volumes either fail to take a neurobiological approach or focus on one particular type of behavior, so the field is ripe for a comprehensive reference which draws cross-behavioral conclusions. This authored work will serve as the market’s most comprehensive reference on the neurobiology of social behavior. The volume will offer an introduction to neural systems and genetics/epigenetics, followed by detailed study of a wide range of behaviors – aggression, sex and sexual differentiation, mating, parenting, social attachments, monogamy, empathy, cooperation, and altruism. Research findings on the neural basis of social behavior will be integrated across different levels of analysis, from molecular neurobiology to neural systems/behavioral neuroscience to fMRI imaging data on human social behavior. Chapters will cover research on both normal and abnormal behaviors, as well as developmental aspects. 2016 PROSE Category winner - Honorable Mention for Biomedicine and Neuroscience Presents neurobiological analysis of the full spectrum of social behaviors, while other volumes focus on one particular behavior Integrates and discusses research from different levels of analysis, including molecular/genetic, neural circuits and systems, and fMRI imaging research Covers both normal and abnormal behaviors Covers aggression, sex and sexual differentiation, mating, parenting, social attachments, empathy, cooperation, and altruism


Pdf ebook: The Crossed Organization of Brains

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Summary: A medical student asks the teacher why the brains hemispheres control opposite sides of the body. In this short book, the teacher engages the medical stude

  • Author : Edison K Miyawaki MD
  • Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
  • ISBN: 1984536494
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 70
  • Language: English
  • Views: 496
  • Downloads: 496
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Description: A medical student asks the teacher why the brains hemispheres control opposite sides of the body. In this short book, the teacher engages the medical student, all neuroscience students, and anyone interested in the structure of brains in humans and other animals. Why does the left brain refer to the right side of the body and the right brain to the left side? Why are brains wired as they are?


Pdf ebook: Brains as Engines of Association

Pdf download ebook Brains as Engines of Association

Summary: Brains as Engines of Association tackles a fundamental question in neuroscience: what is the operating principle of the human brain? While a similar questi

  • Author : Dale Purves
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190929944
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 32
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1068
  • Downloads: 1068
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Description: Brains as Engines of Association tackles a fundamental question in neuroscience: what is the operating principle of the human brain? While a similar question has been asked and answered for virtually every other human organ during the last few centuries, how the brain operates has remained a central challenge in biology. Based on evidence derived from vision, audition, speech and music--much of it based on the author's own work over the last twenty years--Brains as Engines of Association argues that brains operate wholly on the basis of trial and error experience, encoded in neural circuitry over evolutionary and individual time. This concept of neural function runs counter to current concepts that view the brain as a computing machine, and research programs based on the idea that the only way to answer such questions is by reconstructing the connectivity of brains in their entirety. This view also implies that the best way to understand the details of brain function is to recapitulate their history using artificial neural networks. While this viewpoint has received support in the last few years from work showing that computers can win complex games, the brain plays a much more complex game--the "game" of biological survival--which Purves concludes is based on trial-and-error experience.


Pdf ebook: The Brain That Changes Itself

Pdf download ebook The Brain That Changes Itself

Summary: “Fascinating. Doidge’s book is a remarkable and hopeful portrait of the endless adaptability of the human brain.”—Oliver Sacks, MD, author of The M

  • Author : Norman Doidge
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101147113
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 448
  • Language: English
  • Views: 796
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Description: “Fascinating. Doidge’s book is a remarkable and hopeful portrait of the endless adaptability of the human brain.”—Oliver Sacks, MD, author of The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat What is neuroplasticity? Is it possible to change your brain? Norman Doidge’s inspiring guide to the new brain science explains all of this and more An astonishing new science called neuroplasticity is overthrowing the centuries-old notion that the human brain is immutable, and proving that it is, in fact, possible to change your brain. Psychoanalyst, Norman Doidge, M.D., traveled the country to meet both the brilliant scientists championing neuroplasticity, its healing powers, and the people whose lives they’ve transformed—people whose mental limitations, brain damage or brain trauma were seen as unalterable. We see a woman born with half a brain that rewired itself to work as a whole, blind people who learn to see, learning disorders cured, IQs raised, aging brains rejuvenated, stroke patients learning to speak, children with cerebral palsy learning to move with more grace, depression and anxiety disorders successfully treated, and lifelong character traits changed. Using these marvelous stories to probe mysteries of the body, emotion, love, sex, culture, and education, Dr. Doidge has written an immensely moving, inspiring book that will permanently alter the way we look at our brains, human nature, and human potential.